Castle stable Schlösslesberg
|Castle stable Schlösslesberg|
Reconstruction attempt (E. Högg, 1977) of the entire complex on an information board in the castle area. The drawing was made before the research of the Working Group for Pre- and Early History Augsburg. In fact, only a wooden tower stood on the plateau of the main castle
|Creation time :||High Middle Ages|
|Castle type :||Hilltop castle, spur position, moth|
|Place:||Zusmarshausen - Steinekirch|
The high medieval castle stable Schlösslesberg is located about two kilometers northeast of the parish church of the Zusmarshausen district of Steinekirch on a foothill of the Fischerberg in the Augsburg district in Swabia . The tower hill castle (Motte), which is well preserved in its substance , was systematically planted with young forest and is difficult to enter today.
There are no references to the history of the Burgplatz in the local historical sources. The layout of the Burgstall corresponds to the type of tower hill castle that was widespread in the early High Middle Ages. In the Augsburg region there are numerous other examples have received this early form of the noble castle. Such mound castles mostly served one of the numerous noble families of the high Middle Ages as a residence that was befitting their rank. However, noble families also built such facilities as residence and fortifications.
The Burgstall is only about two kilometers northeast of the large, high-medieval Wolfsberg Castle , whose partially preserved keep made of mighty Nagelfluh ashlars is the most important testimony to early aristocratic culture in the Augsburg district. The Schlösslesberg could have been the seat of one of the lower vassals of the Lords of Wolfsberg. The Fraß von Wolfsberg were among the most influential and powerful ministerials of the Hochstift Hochstift Augsburg .
A function as an episcopal forest or clearing yard should also be considered. The castle is located above a modern dammed fish pond on the "Fischerberg". It is possible that today's pond already had a forerunner in the Middle Ages. In some sources, a castle of the Margraves of Burgau located at the "Weiherloh" is mentioned, which may be located here.
The Burgstall is included in the "Otto-Schneider-Rundweg". The approximately eight kilometer long hiking trail, named after the honored homeland and castle researcher Otto Schneider (1927–2000), leads from Zusameck Castle near Dinkelscherben over Schlösslesberg and Wolfsberg Castle back to the starting point.
Two newer information boards in front of the tower hill remind of the history of the castle complex. The castle area is overgrown by dense young forest and is therefore difficult to access.
The two-part hilltop castle (about 60 × 100 meters) consists of a rectangular outer bailey and a mighty, almost square tower hill. The approximately 13 meter high earth cone of the main castle is encircled in a horseshoe shape by a sole ditch up to five meters deep .
The plateau of the truncated main castle cone originally measured about 25 × 25 meters. The flanks have been torn open by some wind throws and partially slipped off by erosion . An archaeological investigation by the Working Group for Pre- and Early History Augsburg (Otto Schneider) produced the evidence of a wooden building on the plateau and the foundations of a gate system. The recovered pottery could be dated to the 12th to 14th centuries.
To the west is the plateau of the outer bailey, the slopes of which have been artificially divided. There are still two ramparts in front of the north side of the complex. Because of the dense vegetation, the earthworks of the outer bailey are very difficult to follow in the area.
- Horst Gutmann: Burgstall Schlößlesberg south of Zusmarshausen . In: Hermann Endrös (Hrsg.): Guide to archaeological monuments in Swabia, Volume 1: Archaeological walks around Augsburg . Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart and Aalen 1977, ISBN 3-8062-0185-4 , pp. 80-83.