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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Burgau
Map of Germany, position of the city of Burgau highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 26 '  N , 10 ° 24'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Swabia
County : Gunzburg
Height : 462 m above sea level NHN
Area : 25.93 km 2
Residents: 10,123 (Dec 31, 2019)
Population density : 390 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 89331
Area code : 08222
License plate : GZ, KRU
Community key : 09 7 74 121
City structure: 8 parts of the community

City administration address :
Gerichtsweg 8
89331 Burgau
Website : www.burgau.de
First Mayor : Martin Brenner ( CSU )
Location of the city of Burgau in the district of Günzburg
Baden-Württemberg Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Dillingen an der Donau Landkreis Neu-Ulm Landkreis Unterallgäu Winzerwald Ebershauser-Nattenhauser Wald Aichen Aletshausen Balzhausen Bibertal Breitenthal (Schwaben) Bubesheim Burgau Burtenbach Deisenhausen Dürrlauingen Ebershausen Ebershausen Ellzee Günzburg Gundremmingen Haldenwang (Landkreis Günzburg) Ichenhausen Jettingen-Scheppach Kammeltal Kötz Krumbach (Schwaben) Landensberg Leipheim Münsterhausen Neuburg an der Kammel Offingen Rettenbach (Landkreis Günzburg) Röfingen Thannhausen (Schwaben) Ursberg Waldstetten (Günz) Waltenhausen Wiesenbach (Schwaben) Winterbach (Schwaben) Ziemetshausenmap
About this picture
View of Burgau with its parish church
Blockhouse tower in Burgau

Burgau is listed on the Mindel located town in the Swabian district of Günzburg (Bayern).

The city has an eventful history. The former margraviate belonged to Upper Austria for almost 500 years . Today the Bavarian-Swabian city is also well known for the rehabilitation clinic for seriously injured skulls and brains, which is located here and funded by the Swabian district.


The Autobahn 8 Munich - Stuttgart passes it in the south.

There are 8 officially named municipal parts (the type of settlement is given in brackets ):


Until the 19th century

Bruno von Burgau was first mentioned in a document in 1147. It is assumed that the "Burg ob der Au" was built around the year 1100. The nobles of Burgau were last mentioned in 1211 in the donation book of the Wettenhausen monastery. The Counts of Burgau from the Berg family (near Ehingen) then took over rule before April 1212. Between mid-1214 and September 1216, Heinrich I of Burgau then appears for the first time with the title of margrave. He inherited this through his mother Adelheid from the Margraves of Ronsberg, who died out in the male line in April 1212. For the history of the Burgau margraves from the Berg family (1212 to approx. 1301) see Margraves Heinrich I., Heinrich II., And Heinrich III. from Burgau. On November 23, 1288, Heinrich II's grandson, who later became Margrave Heinrich III, married. von Burgau, Margareta von Hohenberg. Margareta was the niece of the Habsburg King Rudolf I and the cousin of the later King Albrecht (1298–1308). This connection was probably one of the decisive factors in the handover of the margraviate to the Habsburgs around 1301. Margrave Heinrich III. von Burgau had no sons and was probably in a difficult economic situation. After the reign was handed over to the Habsburgs, he went to the monastery in Augsburg. He is recorded as Brother Heinrich in the Book of the Dead of the Dominican Convent of St. Catherine.

For the history of the Margraviate Burgau under Austrian rule, see Margraviate Burgau . The Wittelsbach Emperor Ludwig IV (the Bavarian) besieged the city in vain at the end of 1324.

In the Peasants' War in 1525, the Burgauer supported the Leipheim rebels, but could not avert their defeat. The city suffered difficult times in the Thirty Years War and the War of the Spanish Succession .

In 1806 Burgau was incorporated into the Kingdom of Bavaria . A Bavarian administrative reform in 1862 created a local court, a notary's office and a tax office. In the following year a major fire caused the volunteer fire brigade to emerge.

20th century

A memorial stone commemorates the prisoners of the Burgau concentration camp near the former camp area

Before the end of the Second World War , a concentration camp was set up in Burgau in February 1945 , namely a men's camp and a women's camp in March, as a satellite camp of the Dachau concentration camp . The more than 1000 prisoners, including 500 Jewish women and girls from Poland and Hungary, relocated here from the Dachau , Bergen-Belsen and Ravensbrück concentration camps , had to do forced labor under miserable conditions in the Kuno factories in Scheppacher Forest to build aircraft . 18 of them died and were buried in the Jewish cemetery in Ichenhausen . Most of the remaining prisoners, especially the Jewish women, were "evacuated" via the Kaufering VI concentration camp in Türkheim to Allach on a death march in March and April 1945, and most of them were liberated there.

After the Second World War, around 1,600 displaced persons were assigned to the city for accommodation.


As a result of the Bavarian territorial reform , Burgau expanded on May 1, 1978 to include the previously independent communities of Oberknöringen, Unterknöringen with Großanhausen (until 1865 Groß- and Kleinanhausen, incorporated on July 1, 1970 to Unterknöringen) and Limbach .

Population numbers

9,961 inhabitants live in the urban area (October 1, 2018), who are distributed among the five districts as follows :

Population development

Between 1988 and 2018, the city grew from 8,178 to 9,923 by 1,745 inhabitants or 21.3%.


City council

The city council has 20 members. In the past local elections, the seats were distributed among the individual lists as follows:

Distribution of seats in local elections 2002 2008 2014 2020
CSU 6th 5 5 6th
Alliance 90 / The Greens - - - 2
FW Bayern / Free Voters Association 7th 5 4th 4th
SPD 3 3 3 2
FDP / Free Citizens 1 2 2 2
Christian voter community 3 3 4th 2
Active citizens of Burgau - 2 2 1
The party - - - 1


Mayor has been Martin Brenner (CSU) since May 1, 2020, who on March 15, 2020 was still behind incumbent Konrad Barm (39.4%) with four applicants with 37.6% of the votes, but in the runoff on March 29 2020 was elected with 56.9% of the vote. His predecessor was Konrad Barm (Free Voters' Association) from May 2002 to April 2020. He was last confirmed in office in 2014 with 79.2% of the votes.

coat of arms

The coat of arms shows in a blue field an old Gothic tower, which consists of white ashlar stones and is crowned by four battlements. Two loopholes and an open gate decorate the tower. To the right and left of him stands a fir tree. It symbolizes a "castle in the Au", from which the place name is derived.

Town twinning

  • AustriaAustria Austria : Contacts with the market town of Burgau in Styria have existed since the mid-1970s . The town twinning was officially sealed in 1982.
  • GermanyGermany Germany : The residents of the districts of Ober- and Unterknöringen in particular have been in contact with the partner community of Knöringen (near Landau in the Palatinate ) since 1978 .

Culture and sights

Architectural monuments

Soil monuments


Burgau Castle, now a local museum
  • Local history museum in the castle
  • Animal museum


Shape the cityscape:

  • the blockhouse tower built in 1614 (the only preserved city gate)
  • the Marienbrunnen (so-called "tube box") on the church square with a figure designed by Franz Schäfferle in 1696 and erected in 1731
  • the Sankt-Leonhards-Kapelle from 1668 with a baroque facade
  • the parish church built from 1788 to 1791
  • the castle throning high above the Mindeltal
  • the former Capuchin monastery. In its church there was originally a painting by Leonardo da Vinci "Madonna with the Carnation" in the apse, which is now in Munich's Alte Pinakothek .
  • the Loreto Chapel with the Black Madonna
  • the old girls' school
  • the old town hall . The Austrian eagle can still be seen in the stucco ceiling in the former meeting room.
  • the oldest residential building in Burgau from the time of the Thirty Years War , on the way to the castle
  • the old mint. A stucco ceiling with the Austrian eagle can also be seen here.

Regular events

Historical festivals

In 1997, the city celebrated the 850th anniversary of the first documentary mention with an elaborate "Historical Festival". In a slightly reduced form, other historical festivals were celebrated in 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013 and 2017.

The celebrated occasions were:

  • 2001: 700 years of belonging to the Upper Austria
  • 2005: 200 years of belonging to Bavaria
  • 2009: Burgau in the Middle Ages (no specific historical reason)
  • 2013: Burgau returns to the Middle Ages (no specific historical reason)
  • 2017: Burgau in the Luther year

These five-day festivals were attended by thousands of guests.

Burgau carnival

The children's bread feeding in Burgau is the oldest carnival custom in the margrave town of Burgau. In 1594 the magistrate decided - due to a famine - to distribute food to the children on Carnival Monday. The 425-year-old custom of eating bread for children was continued during the Thirty Years' War - despite hunger and plague. In the early 1950s, this custom was introduced by Albert Vogele senior. revived. Since then, the figure of the drummer Albert has been roaming the city center with children during Carnival and receives food and sweets for the children when business people shout Carnival sayings. In his successor, Albert Vogele jun. for 40 years the drumming city soldier. In 2017, his son-in-law Bernd Burkhardt took over the family tradition and slipped into the role of the drummer Albert. In addition to the drummer Albert, the Burgau town soldiers and the Glove Makers Music Association are involved in this Burgau carnival custom. For the exemplary commitment to preserving the carnival customs of children's bread feeding, the Swabian Home Prize was awarded in January 2018 by the Bavarian Minister of Home Affairs Dr. Markus Söder awarded.

Some examples of such carnival sayings and calls:

  • Burga zua, Burga zua - Without Strempf and without Shoah! Hio!
  • I ond you, ond no a couple, are mas right lompa, and if ma s'Geld versoffa hand, then mias ma Wassr gompa. Hio!
  • I am a kloina Pumprnikl, I am a kloina Bär, and how God created me, so I just trot. Hio!
  • Brezga out, Brezga out! Hio!
  • At the Käppelewirt, at the Käppelewirt, d 'Maschker ei lasts. She drank beer and brandy and schiabat d 'Gläsla egg! Hio!
  • D 'Fischer-Bäs, d' Fischer-Bäs has Swiss cheese! Hio!

The children's bread feeding is also the starting signal for the “street carnival” in Burgau. Since 2018 this has been taking place on Sooty Friday with the participation of hundreds of schoolchildren. The highlight of the carnival in Burgau is the procession that takes place on Shrove Monday, which attracts thousands of spectators every year - Swabia's longest fun tower. The “Mardi Gras madness of Burgau” is best described by the saying: “On Rose Monday in Burgau even the pavement is foolish!”.

Culinary specialties

In addition to the Burgauer Busserln , which resemble Mozartkugeln , so-called Schloßbergkiesel are offered as sweets . Burgauer Obstwasser , Burgauer Schloßgeist and Margravial Burgauer Rat are regionally known as alcoholic specialties .

Education and culture

  • Burgau elementary school
  • Burgau Middle School
  • Margrave secondary school in Burgau
  • Branch of Volkshochschule Günzburg
  • City library
  • Burgau Animal Museum (currently closed)
  • Burgau City Museum
  • New Theater Burgau
  • Burgau Capuchin Hall

Economy and Infrastructure


Large companies based in Burgau are z. B .:

  • Ernst Klimmer GmbH, stamping and forming technology
  • Roma KG , roller shutter systems
  • Robatherm GmbH & Co KG, air conditioning units
  • Südramol GmbH & Co KG, construction and operation of gas stations and car washes
  • Altrad Lescha GmbH, construction machinery and equipment, especially concrete mixers
  • BSB Metallverformung GmbH + Co stamping plant, metal processing, welded assemblies
  • BWB container plant Burgau GmbH + Co KG, compressed air tank and oil separator


On September 26, 1853, the Neu-Ulm –Burgau section of the Bavarian Maximiliansbahn went into operation and Burgau received its station. On May 1, 1854, the entire Maximiliansbahn line from Ulm via Augsburg to Munich was officially opened. Today the Burgau (Schwab) station on the Augsburg – Ulm railway line has three tracks and is served every hour by the regional express line Fugger Express , which runs between Ulm and Munich.


Prelate Jakob von Türk, honorary citizen of Burgau

Honorary citizen

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked in the city


  • Bernhard Zöpf: Historical news about the former noble seats Schwindkirchen , Schiltern , Giebing and Schönbrunn , Dulzheim, Lappach and Burgau in the royal district court in Haag . Munich 1863 ( e-copy ). (= Upper Bavarian Archive for Patriotic History , Volume 23, Munich 1863, pp. 359–368, online ).
  • Wolfgang Wüst: Burgau and the Habsburg urban policy in front Austria . In: Franz Quarthal / Gerhard Faix (ed.): The Habsburgs in the German southwest. New research on the history of Upper Austria . Stuttgart 2000, p. 137-152 .
  • Philipp Jedelhauser: Contributions to the beginning and end of the rule of the Margraves of Burgau from the Berg family. 2nd revised edition, Krumbach 2017, pp. 1–16, pp. 22–31.

Web links

Commons : Burgau  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Burgau  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Mayor. City Council, accessed June 2, 2020 .
  3. ^ Community Burgau in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on August 30, 2019.
  4. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 149.
  5. ^ Alois Epple: Concentration Camp Türkheim. The Dachau subcamp Kaufering VI. Lorbeer Verlag, Bielefeld 2009, ISBN 978-3-938969-07-6 .
  6. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 475 .
  7. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 774 .
  8. ^ Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing
  9. Günzburger Zeitung of October 26, 2007  ( page no longer available , search in web archives ), queried on July 13, 2010.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.aktiv-buerger-burgau.de
  10. http://www.augsburger-allgemeine.de/guenzburg/Dritte-Amtszeit-fuer-Konrad-Barm-id29221752.html
  11. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Burgau  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  12. ^ "Augsburger Allgemeine" from June 3, 2006: Beauties in the Hidden.