|Creation time :||High Middle Ages|
|Castle type :||Hill castle, moth|
|Conservation status:||Burgstall, tower hill, remains of a moat|
|Standing position :||probably Ministerialenburg|
The high medieval castle stable Kobel is hidden on the Kobelberg (town Neusäß , district Westheim ) in the Augsburg district in Swabia . The small castle site of the former hilltop castle of the type of a tower hill castle (Motte) is surrounded by modern buildings and has been significantly impaired in its existence in the last decades.
In the past, this ground monument was often thought of as having a Roman origin. In the 19th century Christian Frank suspected that this was a cult site of the goddess Isis , as Roman pottery shards with depictions of the goddess, Osiris and Anubis had been found nearby . An obvious interpretation would be a Roman Burgus , i.e. a fortified watchtower. However, such a tower would be rather unusual here in the interior of the former province of Raetia .
The most plausible today is the interpretation that is widespread today as a high medieval ministerial seat , for example a servant of the chamberlain of Wellenburg . The eunuchs themselves were servants of the bishops of Augsburg. A small archaeological investigation ( percussion drilling ) was able to confirm this interpretation in 1988. A wooden tower with a side length of about 4.20 meters stood on the castle plateau. Some remnants of bricks may have come from the roofing. The tower was surrounded by a row of palisades on the edge of the plateau. This finding gives the typical picture of a small Niederadel castle of the 11th / 12th centuries. Century. Such tower mounds ( moths ) were the widespread status symbol of the newly emerging nobility at the time of territorial expansion . Numerous other examples have been preserved in the vicinity.
The Burgstall is located on the north-western slope of the Kobelberg , which also bears the pilgrimage church of St. Maria von Loreto . The approximately square tower platform of around 13 × 13 meters was originally surrounded by a circular trench with an outer wall, secured by a row of palisades . Today this ditch is only present in the southwest, on the other sides it has been largely leveled by the modern overbuilding. The remaining remainder is about 1.5 meters deep, the tower hill rises up to five meters above the area in the north-west.
- Otto Schneider: The tower hill on the Kobel . In: Manfred Nozar (among others): Neusäß - The story of eight villages on the long way to the city . Neusäß 1988.