Au (Munich)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Mariahilfkirche, the landmark of the Au
View of the Au with the Royal College of Teachers in the foreground (destroyed 1943)
The Augia fountain
allegory of the Au district

The Au is a district in the southeastern river valley of Munich and part of the Au-Haidhausen district , with an area of ​​149.5 hectares and 29,195 inhabitants (as of December 2010). The Au is also the seat of the main office of the district office of the district of Munich at Mariahilfplatz .


The Au extends to the right of the Isar from the Wittelsbacherbrücke in the south to the Ludwigsbrücke in the north. Below the edge of the slope of the Isar high bank lies the district of Untere Au (88.6 hectares, 16,519 inhabitants), above the edge of the slope is the Obere Au (61.0 hectares, 12,676 inhabitants).

In the north and east, the Au is bounded by the Rosenheimer- , Hoch-, Rabl- and Balanstraße streets; the Haidhausen district, which belongs to the same district, joins here . In the south-east and south the railroad tracks form the border to Obergiesing , in the south-west the Humboldtstrasse separates the Au from Untergiesing . The north-western border forms the Isar with the spring plants that run along the river .

The Mariahilfplatz in the middle of the district marks the center (market place) of the once independent city.


The Au was first mentioned in a document on December 12, 1340 as Awe ze Gyesingen . Awe means land by the water . Traditionally, the Au was divided into the parts Isarviertel , Sammerviertel , Klafterviertel and Bachviertel .

The alluvial forests were the location for the falconry of the Bavarian dukes, from which the name Falkenstrasse comes from. At the beginning of the 16th century, Duke Wilhelm IV built a new building at what is now Falkenstrasse. 36. The hunting lodge, where the birds of prey was also raised, lasted until the 18th century. Then in 1723 Maximilian II Emanuel moved the falconry to the west of Munich in front of the Neuhauser Tor .

Even before secularization in 1806, the Au had over 6,000 inhabitants. It had five churches and was a garrison location. In 1808 the Au was raised to the status of a suburb of Au and the right to hold annual markets was granted ( Auer Dult ). From 1818 it formed a coherent municipality with Untergiesing (which was then used to designate the settlement on Nockherberg ). On October 1, 1854, it was incorporated into the royal capital and residence of Munich. Up to the end of the 19th century there were more than three times as many inhabitants in the Au as at the beginning of the century. During the Second World War, the quarter was largely destroyed by an air raid on the 24th and 25th. Destroyed April 1944 , so post-war architecture is predominant today.

Works of art in public space

Architectural monuments


The bookcase in Sammtstrasse (2019)

Coat of arms of the former city "Vorstadt Au"

Coat of arms of the Au

After the municipality of Au was raised to the status of town in 1808, it became a town on July 25, 1808 by the royal Bavarian. State Commissariat of Bavaria awarded its own city coat of arms. Presumably the coat of arms also applied to Haidhausen.

Description : In front of a blue background on three green elevations ( Nockherberg , Gebsattelberg and Lilienberg) on ​​a green stem with six leaves, three silver lily flowers (symbol of the veneration of Mary) rise up.

Meaning : Reference to the monastery on the Lilienberg located in the meadow and consecrated to the immaculate conception .

After the incorporation into the royal capital and residence city of Munich in 1854, the city council of the state capital of Munich has all rights to use the coat of arms.


Web links

Commons : Au  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Joseph von Hazzi: Statistical information about the Duchy of Baiern, drawn from genuine sources. A general contribution to the country u. Human studies. Third volume. Nuremberg 1808, p. 226
  2. Falconry
  3. ^ Robert Seidenader: Cultural history of falconry with special consideration of Bavaria . Self-published 2007, 2179 pages.
  4. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
  5. The Mariahilfkirch'n in der Au , Munich Ratsch-Kathl , Volume I, no. 16, August 24, 1889.
  6. (April 3, 2008): Georg Schwarzenbeck: On the 60th behind the counter , accessed on February 27, 2011
  7. (August 4, 2008): Football: "Katsche" closes his shop , accessed on February 27, 2011
  8. Anne Hund: New bookcase in the Au. In: tz. February 27, 2017. Retrieved May 21, 2017 .

Coordinates: 48 ° 7 '33.6 "  N , 11 ° 35' 2.4"  E