Valentine's style, humor and tragedy
In his theatrical art he was close to Dadaism , but also to Expressionism , although he distanced himself from both styles. Valentin called himself a humorist, comedian and playwright. The humor of his skits and plays was based in particular on his art of language and his "language anarchism "; In 1924, the critic Alfred Kerr praised him as a word thief .
Valentin's wit was particularly aimed at himself; His humor was supported by his long, lean figure, which he emphasized with slapstick-like inserts. The pessimism and tragedy of his comedy were nourished by the constant struggle with everyday things such as dealing with authorities and fellow human beings, which he also experienced himself. Typical of this were the fire protection requirements for his theater in 1931, which Valentin only closed again after eight weeks because he insisted on a burning cigarette butt in a sketch .
Valentin's most important partner on stage was Liesl Karlstadt . With her he achieved his breakthrough in Munich in 1911. From then on he appeared with her in numerous skits . Valentin's special weakness was his exhibition Panoptikum for scary things and nonsense - for example a “hunger tower” and a glass of Berlin air . However, it was unprofitable and ruined him and Liesl Karlstadt financially.
It was not until 55 years after his death that the Munich music label Trikont published the complete acoustic works on eight CDs , together with a 150-page book with texts from Herbert Achternbusch to Christoph Schlingensief (“Karl Valentin is one of the greatest for me!”).
Alfred Kerr wrote of him: “Everyone laughs. Some scream. What is it made of? Out of three things: out of body fun, out of intellectual fun and out of glamorous spiritlessness. The comedian Valentin is a Bavarian Nestroy . "
He experienced his childhood in the Munich suburb of Au as an only child, as his sister and two older brothers died shortly after his birth. He later spoke of elementary school (1888–1895) as “prison”. He completed an apprenticeship as a carpenter and was a skilled worker until 1901. During this time he also made his first public appearances as a "club humorist". A relationship with Gisela Royes (1881–1956), the maid in the Fey house, finally led to her marriage in 1911. The couple had two daughters, Gisela (1905–2000) and Bertha (1910–1985).
In 1902 he had a guest appearance at the Varieté Zeughaus in Nuremberg , where he first appeared as "Karl Valentin". After the death of his father, Valentin took over the management of the forwarding company Falk & Fey with his mother in the same year. In 1906 the forwarding company went bankrupt and he and his mother moved to their home town of Zittau in Saxony , which influenced Valentin's feeling for the language.
After an unsuccessful tour through various cities, Valentin returned to Munich in 1908, where he wrote the monologue Das Aquarium . The engagement at the Volkssängerbühne in the "Frankfurter Hof" ended his financial difficulties. During this time Valentin developed his grotesque body language and the playful self - irony with which he also aimed at his audience. In 1911 he met Elisabeth Wellano, who became his stage partner as Liesl Karlstadt .
From 1912, Valentin, who had set up his own film studio in Munich, was an actor in around 40 short films, some of which were shot based on his sketches. In 1929 Valentin shot his last silent film Der Sonderling . From 1914 on, Valentin staged his stage program Tingeltangel (including the sketch Die Orchesterprobe ) and two dozen later versions on the stage.
Because of his asthma , he did not have to do military service during the First World War . During this time he wrote playing down war songs and skits. In 1915 Valentin became director of the Munich cabaret Vienna-Munich .
With Bertolt Brecht he parodied his new play Drumming in the Night at the Münchner Kammerspiele in 1922 . Brecht was close friends with Valentin, whom he also held in high regard as an artist. The joint work clearly influenced Brecht's later work. Valentin took on a leading role alongside Karlstadt and Blandine Ebinger in the surrealistic film Mysteries of a Hairdressing Salon by Brecht and Erich Engel . In 1922 and 1923 she made her first foreign appearances in Zurich and Vienna , and from 1924 to 1938 guest performances in Berlin . Alfred Kerr and Kurt Tucholsky , who described him as a “left thinker”, were also enthusiastic about Valentin's “language acrobatics”.
In 1931 Karl Valentin opened his own theater ( Goethe-Saal ) in Munich's Leopoldstrasse , which he had to close again after eight weeks: Valentin insisted on a burning cigarette butt in a sketch opposite the fire police . In 1932 and 1933 Valentins took part in the role of director of a traveling circus in his first sound film The Bartered Bride , a film adaptation of Bedřich Smetana's opera (director: Max Ophüls ), and the film adaptation of orchestral rehearsal .
His panopticon for nonsense, which he opened in 1934, had to close again after two months, and a second attempt in 1935 also failed. Valentin lost his and Karlstadt's savings as a result; she suffered a nervous breakdown and had to take a long break.
Valentin was naive and skeptical about the Nazi regime; but he did not comment publicly. Although he wrote non-political articles for the propaganda sheet Münchner Feldpost after the disaster of the Panoptikum because of financial difficulties, he did not allow himself to be captured by the National Socialists and did not shy away from satirical images such as “Auf zum Finaleieg” or “The last contingent”. His stage words “Heil…, Heil…, Heil…! yes what's his name - I just can't remember the name. ”Or also:“ How good it is that the guide is not called herbs, otherwise you would have to greet him with 'medicinal herbs'. ”One of the" open. " Field post letters "- because he cannot write to every soldier - is published in his daughter's memoirs. He reports on incidents, gossip and gossip in the neighborhood. In 1941 he wrote "Die Laugenbrezel", a satirical polemic in the style of a Hitler speech, found in the estate. In 2007, Der Spiegel reported that Valentin denounced filmmaker Walter Jerven by claiming that his real name was Samuel Wucherpfennig. However, Walter Jerven was able to provide evidence of Aryan status within four days . From Gunna Wendt Liesl-Karlstadt biography shows that Karl Valentin also denunciatory but inconsequential remarks to the writer Eugen Roth is said to have put forward.
The director Jacob Geis filmed The Inheritance with Valentin and Karlstadt in 1936 , in which a married couple ends up with nothing but a candle stub. The Nazi regime banned the film because of "misery tendencies"; it was not premiered until 1976.
From 1939 on, Valentin had a new stage partner and lover: Annemarie Fischer , 35 years his junior, replaced Liesl Karlstadt on the stage. He opened the Ritterspelunke , a mixture of theater, bar and panopticon, which he closed again in June 1940 before the Nazi authorities turned the props storage room into an air raid shelter. Valentin had his last major appearance, now again with Liesl Karlstadt, in 1940 in the Deutsches Theater .
From 1941 to 1947 Valentin had no public appearances; During this time he wrote dialogues and poems, but they were never performed. The family moved into their house in the Munich suburb of Planegg in 1941 ; the Munich apartment was destroyed in a bomb attack. In 1945 he began making household items to support the family. The radio play series It is about Karl Valentin was discontinued after five episodes because it was too pessimistic to the listeners.
In 1947 and 1948, Karl Valentin appeared again with Liesl Karlstadt after years of separation. However, it was largely unsuccessful, and the malnourished Valentin died of pneumonia in February 1948. He suffered this because he was accidentally locked in a theater in Munich's Wörthstrasse (now a supermarket on Preysingstrasse) after performing and had to spend the night in the unheated room.
“Two days after his death, on February 11, 1948, it was Ash Wednesday, Karl Valentin was buried. A clergyman, an envoy from the Photohaus Schaja and a member of the International Artist Lodge spoke at his grave , but no representative of the city of Munich or the Munich theaters. Valentin was forgotten long before his death, only to be rediscovered many years later as one of the greatest comedians and clowns of the 20th century. ”His grave is in the cemetery in Planegg near Munich.
On October 21, 1934, Valentin opened his cabinet of curiosities, the Valentin Panoptikum. It was located in the basement of the Hotel Wagner on Sonnenstrasse , and the concept was based on wax figure cabinets that were well visited in the previous century. The critic Herbert Ihering described what there was to see : “There are spectators in the corners, but they are wax figures. In the dark the path seems to go over marshy water ... suddenly you sink in ... and to the right it shimmers as if someone were lying at the bottom of the water. … Words are represented graphically, idioms are made figurative. ” The sentence“ The enormity of this stubborn brain, this sick mind far exceeded my worst fears ”has been passed down by the writer Eugen Roth .
The approved concession ended at the end of 1934. Valentin tried to reopen it on May 4th of the following year. But the general public stayed away from the panopticon. Its existence ended on November 16, 1935. Financially, the company was a fiasco. The deficit consumed Liesl Karlstadt's financial fortune, which Valentin pledged with her means. Valentin started a new attempt with a “Lachkeller” on June 18, 1937 in Munich's Färbergraben. Here, too, the success fell short of expectations.
Valentin as a collector
From around 1925 Valentin collected photographs of old Munich, with photos from the years 1855 to 1912 forming the focus of his collection. These old photos came mainly from the Munich photographers Franz Hanfstaengl , Georg Böttger , Ernst Reulbach and Franz Neumayer . The aim of his passion for collecting, which he himself expressed in his saying "A oids Buidl vo Munich is worth more ois a brilliant", was the photographic documentation of Munich's earlier appearance. With this in mind, he was connected to the Munich photographer Georg Pettendorfer , of whom numerous photos have survived through Valentin's collection and whom he described in a letter to Max Amann , then Reichsleiter for the press , as the most reliable source on Munich's building history.
Valentin viewed the structural and traffic-related changes in his hometown with great skepticism and wanted to use his collection to create a photographic documentation of old Munich. He made several attempts to organize large photo exhibitions and to obtain photographs from private and public property as loans. In order to get closer to his goal of publishing the Munich photographs he had collected, Valentin sold his collection to the Munich City Archives in August 1939 for RM 20,000 . At this point in time Valentin had collected over 900 old cityscapes. Despite the transfer of ownership of the collection, he tried again and again in the following years to obtain reproductions and prints of his pictures from the city archive in order to use them in private exhibitions. Valentin's picture collection was placed in the photo collection of the Munich City Archives after 1939 and was not reconstructed until the early 1980s.
In addition to old cityscapes, Valentin also collected photographs of folk singers and comedians who were performing in Munich at the time, as well as indoor and outdoor shots of Munich theaters, variety shows and cabaret theaters. Valentin turned out to be an early documenter of everyday culture in a major German city.
It is not clear whether Valentin was a serious collector of postage stamps. Nevertheless, there were also connections to philately . In his last silent film Der Sonderling from 1929 he played a stamp collector who absolutely wanted to own the first Bavarian postage stamp, the Black One . Valentin also exhibited a collection of green stamps in his Panoptikum. The selection of stamps for a collection based on their colors alone was unusual, at least back then.
On June 14, 2007, on Valentine's 125th birthday, a 45-cent special stamp ( Michel no.2610) was published in Germany, the motif of which - Valentin saws sitting on a chair on the leg of the chair - on the Valentin film The New Desk (by 1913 or 1914). A German postage stamp for the Munich Viktualienmarkt (Michel no. 2356 [or 2379 in stamp booklet 53]) showing the Valentin commemorative fountain there had already appeared on August 7, 2003 .
Rediscovery of Valentine's
The city of Munich's interest in Karl Valentin was limited for a long time. A street in the Forstenried district was named after him after Valentin's death in 1948 , but in 1953 the city refused to buy his estate from Valentin's widow for 7,000 Deutschmarks. Instead, it was acquired by Carl Niessen , professor at the Theater Studies Institute at the University of Cologne , for their theater studies collection . The estate has now been cataloged and is accessible for research. In 1959, on the private initiative of Hannes König, the Valentin-Musäum - later Valentin-Karlstadt-Musäum - was set up in Munich with parts of his estate. It was not until the 1960s that Karl Valentin was rediscovered as a comedian in Munich.
Axel von Ambesser was the first to stage one of his plays after Valentin's death: 1961 at the Vienna Akademietheater Der Confirmling with Hugo Gottschlich and Inge Konradi and the same play a year later, in 1962, in the Werkraumtheater of the Münchner Kammerspiele, this time with Rudolf Vogel and Ruth Drexel . The great success of these two performances ushered in the renaissance of Valentin's plays.
The collected short and feature films are available in one edition on six DVDs, published by the Munich-based film publisher Film101. In 2003 Valentin's complete acoustic works appeared on eight CDs with 150 pages of text by well-known authors about Valentin on the Munich label Trikont . This so far only "complete sound edition" contains 126 scenes, pieces and songs by Karl Valentins with Liesl Karlstadt and others, as well as unpublished items and film sounds. In 2004, the language opera Heimspiel by Andreas Ammer and Sebastian Hess based on texts by Valentin was premiered in the football stadium on Grünwalder Strasse as part of the Munich Opera Festival. Since 1973, the Karl Valentin Order has been awarded annually in January by the Munich carnival society Narrhalla for special services to humor.
From July 2 to October 10, 1982, on Valentine's 100th birthday, the Munich City Museum hosted the exhibition Volkssänger? Dadaist?
On February 18, 2007, on the occasion of his 125th birthday, the undoped Great Karl Valentin Prize was awarded for the first time . Gerhard Polt and Biermösl Blosn were selected as the first prize winners . The 2010 award winner was Fredl Fesl . In 2012 Helge Schneider received the Great Karl Valentin Prize. For the fourth time, the prize was awarded to the cabaret artist Sigi Zimmigart on March 19, 2017 . The award takes place at irregular intervals.
On the occasion of Valentine's 125th birthday, Hörverlag Munich also published a large-scale themed audio edition in five parts with the most popular and best-known skits. On December 10, 2008, "Liesl Karlstadt and Karl Valentin", a large-scale film adaptation of the life of the comedy duo, who also had a private relationship, in addition to their relationships and Valentine's marriage, was shown on ARD . On May 15, 2012, a Valentin-Karlstadt-Förderverein named Saubande was founded in Munich .
Winged words Valentine
Some word creations and scenes from Karl Valentin's work have found their way into everyday language primarily in southern Germany. It is characteristic of " feeling like Buchbinder Wanninger " when you are passed on endlessly and unsuccessfully from one telephone extension to the other without being able to properly present your request. The phrase “I would have liked, but I shouldn't have dared” and the unpronounceable name “Wrdl Wrdlbrmpfd”, which the cyclist Valentin calls a policeman when checking his vehicle, became popular words.
Karl Valentin quotes can often be found on the Internet. However, operators of small websites were also warned about copyright infringement when Valentin quotes . The rights of use were held by the family of Valentin's granddaughter Anneliese Kühn (1939–2014), who had meanwhile died. With an estimated value of 10,000 euros, legal fees of almost 900 euros were required. However, Kühn's warning from the Internet mail order company Amazon failed before the Munich Higher Regional Court because Internet mail order companies are not liable for the content of the e-books they sell.
The copyright protection period expired on January 1, 2019. This applies to all of Karl Valentin's works with the exception of 25 works in which his stage partner Liesl Karlstadt was contractually agreed as co-author.
Short films (Valentinaden)
- Karl Valentin's Wedding (1912 or 1913)
- The Merry Vagabonds (1912)
- The new desk (1913 or 1914)
- The Beauty Contest or: The Judgment of Paris (1921)
- The Escaped Lead Actor (1921)
- Hairdressing Mysteries (1922)
- At the Oktoberfest (1923)
- The Fire Brigade Trumpeter (1929)
- In the photo studio (1932)
- Orchestra rehearsal (1933)
- The Zither Virtuoso (1934)
- It Bangs (1934)
- The Bewitched Headlight (1934)
- In the record shop (1934)
- The theater visit (1934)
- What a theater! (1934)
- The Confirmation (1934)
- Music for Two (1936)
- The Inheritance (1936)
- Street Music (1936)
- A fateful violin solo (1936)
- The plaid vest (1936)
- At the lawyer (1936)
- Cold feet / At the neurologist (1936)
- The supplicant (1936)
- Forever Yours (1937)
- Even Valentin participates (advertising film for Deutsche Sparkasse; 1937 or 1938)
- Just don't push (advertising film for Deutsche Sparkasse; 1937 or 1938)
- Munich (1938)
- The antenna wire / In the transmitter room (1938)
- In the pharmacy (1941)
- The Cinematograph (1920)
- The Nerd (1929)
- The Bartered Bride (1932, Valentin's first sound film)
- Cherries in the Neighbor's Garden (1935)
- Thunder, Lightning and Sunshine (1936)
Radio plays (selection)
- Bookbinder Wanninger
- Cyclist and traffic policeman
- The trumpeter from Säckingen
- The glasses
- The aquarium
- The duck dream
- The hat shop
- The shepherd's dance
- The lost diamond ring
- Yesterday's newspaper
- The note manager
- The new accountant
- The brilliant fireworks
- Bread dumplings
- The spray fountain opener
- The old knights
- The song from Sunday
Movies on DVD
- Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt: Die Kurzfilme (3 DVD), Munich 2002, Verlag Film101
- Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt: The feature films (3 DVD), Munich 2004, Verlag Film101,
- Cherries in the neighbor's garden
- Thunder, lightning and sunshine
- The eccentric
- Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt: The Most Popular Short Films, Munich 2006, Verlag Film101
- Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt: The Short Films - New Edition (3 DVD) Munich 2008, Verlag Film101
- All works in 8 volumes. Edited by Helmut Bachmaier u. Manfred Faust. Piper, Munich
- Vol. 1: Monologues and solo scenes. 1992 ISBN 3-492-03401-2 .
- Vol. 2: Couplets. 1994 ISBN 3-492-03402-0 .
- Vol. 3: Scenes. 1995, ISBN 3-492-03403-9 .
- Vol. 4: Dialogues. 1995, ISBN 3-492-03404-7 .
- Vol. 5: Pieces. 1997, ISBN 3-492-03408-X .
- Vol. 6: Letters. 1991, ISBN 3-492-03406-3 .
- Vol. 7: Autobiographical and miscellaneous things. 1996, ISBN 3-492-03407-1 .
- Vol. 8: Films and film projects. 1995, ISBN 3-492-03405-5 .
- Documents, supplements, registers. 1997, ISBN 3-492-03977-4 .
- Karl Valentins Gesammelte Werke , Munich, Piper, Cop 1961, corresponds to the paperback edition of
- Schulte, Michael: The great Valentin book ", Munich, Piper Cop. 1973
- Michael Lentz (Ed.): Karl Valentin. The big reader . Fischer paperback (Fischer Klassik), Frankfurt a. M. 2019, ISBN 3-596-90710-1 .
- Elisabeth Veit (ed.): The best of Karl Valentin. Unabridged paperback edition. Piper, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-492-23392-9 .
- Helmut Bachmaier (Ed.): Buchbinder Wanninger: Speech clowneries and grotesques. Reclam's Universal Library 8941. Reclam, Stuttgart 1993, ISBN 3-15-008941-7 .
- Karl Valentin: The fish were spared from the flood. With cliché drawings and linocuts by Svato Zapletal. Svato, Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-924283-64-8 .
- Dieter Wöhrle (Ed.): My funny dictionary: Sprüche for all situations. Piper, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-492-24604-4 .
- Karl Valentin u. a .: Yes, that's how the old knights warn - old, newer and brand new knight verses. Hieber , Munich 1967.
- Karl Valentin: What was true? What was true! Anecdotal collected by Hannes König with a foreword by Bertl Böheim-Valentin. Offenbach (am Main), Kumm 1973, ISBN 3-7836-0041-3 .
- Karl Valentin(= Poetry album 322), selection of poetry: Matthias Biskupek , graphic by Rainer Ehrt . Märkischer Verlag Wilhelmshorst 2016, ISBN 978-3-943708-22-6 .
- Karl Valentin huge nonsense , selection from the complete works, Fischer-Taschenbuch, Cop. 1975
- You're a funny bold / KARL VALENTIN. An audiography. Voiced by Christine Urspruch, Edi Jäger and Peter Lohmeyer. Live recording from lit.cologne 2007. Random house Audio, Cologne 2007, ISBN 978-3-86604-671-9 .
- The unknown Valentin. Interpr .: Gerhard Polt , Gisela Schneeberger , Biermösl Blosn . Text selection u. Director: Jürgen Geers . Kein & Aber Records, Zurich 2002, ISBN 3-0369-1118-9 .
- Let's go to the Oktoberfest! Here I am person, here I can be ... a stroll through the Oktoberfest. with Karl Valentin… Director: Hanns Christian Müller . Megaeins, Berlin / Munich 2004, ISBN 3-9809826-0-2 .
- The Confirmation: and other quarrels. Voiced by Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt. Der Hörverlag, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-89940-008-9 .
- Karl Valentin listening edition:
- Karl Valentin and the women. Voiced by Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt. The Hörverlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-86717-048-2 .
- Karl Valentin and health. Voiced by Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt. The Hörverlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-86717-047-5 .
- Karl Valentin and the music. Voiced by Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt. The Hörverlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-86717-050-5 .
- Karl Valentin's linguistic confusion. Voiced by Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt. The Hörverlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-86717-049-9 .
- Karl Valentin's true world view. Voiced by Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt. The Hörverlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-86717-046-8 .
- Karl Valentin - In particular. (whole edition for the 125th birthday of Karl Valentin), spoken by Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt. The Hörverlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-86717-051-2 . (whole edition)
- Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt - recordings from the years 1927–1949. Preiser Records, Vienna (distributed by Hörsturz Booksound in 85435 Erding):
- Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt: a portrait. by Karin Köbernick. Director: Ferdinand Ludwig. Speaker: Sylvia Heid. Hessischer Rundfunk, Frankfurt 2000, ISBN 3-89844-205-5 . (Cabaret story (s))
- Post-war stories. Speaker: Karl Valentin, Liesl Karlstadt. The Hörverlag, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-89584-107-2 . (Audio books: literature).
- Andreas Koll, Achim Bergmann (eds.): Karl Valentin - complete sound edition: 1928–1947. the acoustic complete works of Karl Valentin. Trikont, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-89898-300-5 .
- Monika Dimpfl, Achim Bergmann (eds.): Liesl Karlstadt. Crazy fairy tales and funny songs. Recordings 1919–1955. Trikont, Munich 2001.
- Unheard of from Karl Valentin. TeBiTo, Pliening 2002, ISBN 3-934044-56-5 .
- The life of Karl Valentin. Producer: Michael Schulte. Audiobook Verlag, 2004, ISBN 3-89964-071-3 .
- The unknown Valentin Production: text & ton. Verlag no & but, Zurich 2002, ISBN 3-0369-1118-9 .
Films about Karl Valentin
- Karl Valentin: madness & absurdity. Documentation, BR 2004, 45 min, author: FX Karl
- German CVs: Karl Valentin - A hunger artist. Documentation, 60 min., A film by Franz Xaver Karl, production: BR / SWR , first broadcast: February 3, 2005
- Liesl Karlstadt and Karl Valentin . Feature film by Jo Baier , Production: BR. With Johannes Herrschmann , Hannah Herzsprung a . a. Shot in the Bavaria Filmstudios and the Sendlinger Danklstraße. Premiere: June 25, 2008 at the Munich Film Festival .
- Wrdlbrmpfd! Karl Valentin: The misunderstood . Film by Andreas Ammer . 44 min. BR 2019.
Literature about Karl Valentin
- Matthias Biskupek : Karl Valentin. A picture biography. Gustav Kiepenheuer, Leipzig 1993, ISBN 3-378-00546-7 .
- Monika Dimpfl: Karl Valentin. Biography. Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-423-24611-8 ( dtv premium 24611).
- Roland Keller: Karl Valentin and his films. Heyne, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-453-10859-0 ( Heyne books 32 = Heyne film library 239).
- Josef Memminger: Karl Valentin. The grumpy clown. Pustet, Regensburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-7917-2309-9 ( Small Bavarian Biographies ).
- Michael Schulte : Karl Valentin. Represented with testimonials and photo documents. 6th edition. Rowohlt, Reinbek near Hamburg 2000, ISBN 3-499-50144-9 ( Rororo 50144. Rowohlt's monographs ).
- Michael Schulte: Karl Valentin. A biography. Hoffmann & Campe, Hamburg 1982, ISBN 3-455-06600-3 .
- Michael Schulte: The life of Karl Valentin. A sounding biography with numerous original recordings. Speaker: Walter Schmidinger , Josef Bierbichler u. a. 7 CDs. Anniversary Edition. Audiobook, Freiburg im Breisgau 2004 (year of production 1995), ISBN 3-89964-071-3 .
- Michael Schulte, Peter Syr (ed.): Karl Valentins Films. All 29 films, 12 fragments, 344 images, texts, filmography. With an afterword by Helmut Bachmaier. 2nd Edition. New edition. Piper, Munich a. a. 1989, ISBN 3-492-10996-9 ( Piper 996).
- Wolfgang Till (Ed.): Karl Valentin. Folk singer? Dadaist? Catalog of the exhibition for Karl Valentin's 100th birthday in the Munich City Museum from July 2nd to October 3rd, 1982. Book trade edition. Schirmer-Mosel, Munich 1982, ISBN 3-88814-106-0 .
- Bertl Valentin: You stay there, immediately! My father Karl Valentin. R. Piper & Co. Verlag, Munich 1971, ISBN 3-492-01897-1 .
- Alfons Schweiggert: A pinned Teifi: Karl Valentin's last years , Munich: München-Verl., 2013, ISBN 978-3-7630-4004-9
- Helmut Bachmaier (Ed.): Short speech, long meaning. Texts by and about Karl Valentin. Piper, Munich a. a. 1990, ISBN 3-492-10907-1 ( Piper 907).
- Richard Bauer (Ed.): The old Munich. Photographs 1855–1912. Collected by Karl Valentin. Schirmer-Mosel, Munich 1982, ISBN 3-88814-108-7 . ( Selection of images )
- Richard Bauer, Eva Graf: Karl Valentins Munich: Stereoscope photographs from 1855 to 1880. Heinrich Hugendubel-Verlag, Kreuzlingen / Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-7205-3044-6 .
- Monika Dimpfl: "... the monstrosities of this stubborn brain." The story of Karl Valentin's Panoptikum. Bayerischer Rundfunk, Munich 2005.
- Erich Engels: Philosophy on the hotbed. A Karl Valentin book. Süddeutscher Verlag, Munich 1969.
- Wilfried Feldhütter: “Do you also cut red hair?” Karl Valentin and Bertolt Brecht. A scenic double portrait. Bayerischer Rundfunk, Munich 1986.
- VALENTIN, Karl. In: Günter Formery: The large encyclopedia of postcards: an encyclopedia of the Philokartie , Phil Creativ, Schwalmtal 2018, ISBN 978-3-928277-21-1 , p. 330
- Michael Glasmeier : Karl Valentin. The comedian and the arts. Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich a. a. 1987, ISBN 3-446-14999-6 ( literature as art ).
- Klaus Gronenborn: Karl Valentin. Film pioneer and media craftsman. Henschel Verlag u. a., Berlin a. a. 2007, ISBN 978-3-89487-588-6 ( Kinematograph 23), (exhibition catalog).
- House of Bavarian History , Valentin-Karlstadt-Musäum Munich (Hrsg.): At every corner a Gaudi. Karl Valentin, Liesl Karlstadt and the folk singers . Edition Bayern, special issue 4. Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-7917-2401-0 .
- Axel Hauff: The disasters of Karl Valentin. Argument-Verlag, Berlin 1978; The agreed disasters of Karl Valentin. (from: Argument-Sonderband AS3, 1976: "From Faustuns to Karl Valentin. The citizen in history and literature")
- Wilhelm Hausenstein : The masks of the Munich comedian Karl Valentin. Alber, Munich 1948 (2nd edition. As: The masks of the comedian Karl Valentin. Süddeutscher Verlag, Munich 1978, ISBN 3-7991-5894-4 ).
- Roland Keller: Karl Valentin and his films. Heyne, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-453-10859-0 ( Heyne books 32 = Heyne film library 239).
- Gudrun Köhl, Erich Ortenau: Karl Valentin in the history of comedians. Unverhau, Munich 1984, ISBN 3-920530-76-4 ( series of publications by Valentin-Musäums ).
- Anneliese Kühn: My grandpa Karl Valentin. Rosenheimer Verlagshaus, Rosenheim 2008, ISBN 978-3-475-53952-7 .
- Elisabeth Münz, Erwin Münz (ed.): Written by and to Karl Valentin. A collection of materials from 1903 to 1948. Foreword by Hans-Reinhard Müller . Süddeutscher Verlag, Munich 1978, ISBN 3-7991-6020-5 .
- Klaus Pemsel: Karl Valentin in the environment of the Munich folk singer stages and variety shows. Unverhau, Munich 1981, ISBN 3-920530-60-8 ( series of publications by the Valentin-Volkssänger-Musäums ), (at the same time: Munich, Univ., Diss., 1980).
- Alfons Schweiggert: Karl Valentin's Panopticon. How it was real. Süddeutscher Verlag, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-7991-6256-9 .
- Alfons Schweiggert: Yes, just laugh. The most beautiful Karl Valentin anecdotes and jokes. Bayerland, Dachau 1996, ISBN 3-89251-223-X .
- Alfons Schweiggert: Karl Valentin and the women. Ehrenwirth, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-431-03519-1 .
- Alfons Schweiggert: Karl Valentin's silent period. Grünwalder and Planegger years 1941 to 1945. Buchendorfer Verlag, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-927984-73-6 .
- Alfons Schweiggert: Karl Valentin. The most Munich-based of all Munich residents. MünchenVerlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-937090-15-3 .
- Alfons Schweiggert: What makes you laugh? New Valentin anecdotes and jokes. Bayerland, Dachau 2008, ISBN 978-3-89251-391-9 .
- Alfons Schweiggert: Karl Valentin and politics or interference in non-interference. With a foreword by Gerhard Polt . Verlag St. Michaelsbund, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-939905-84-4 .
- Alfons Schweiggert: Karl Valentin. I'm not human either. I am a Bavarian. The unknown, the bizarre, the puzzling. Husum Verlag, Husum 2011, ISBN 978-3-89876-577-0 .
- Helmut Schwimmer: Karl Valentin. An analysis of his work with a curriculum and models for German lessons. Oldenbourg, Munich 1977, ISBN 3-486-03401-4 ( analyzes of the German language and literature ).
- Armgard Seegers: Comedy with Karl Valentin. The social disparities of the petty bourgeoisie. Pahl-Rugenstein, Cologne 1983, ISBN 3-7609-5137-6 ( Pahl-Rugenstein-Hochschulschriften Gesellschafts- und Naturwissenschaften 137), (also: Hamburg, Univ., Diss., 1982).
- Gabriele Stadler: The tragic-comic couple Liesl Karlstadt and Karl Valentin. Bayerischer Rundfunk, Munich 1990.
- Friedrich Tulzer: Karl Valentin and the constituents of his comedy. Heinz, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-88099-189-8 ( Stuttgart papers on German studies 185), (At the same time: Vienna, Univ., Diss., 1986).
- Karl Valentin: I would have liked - bizarre sayings & pictures. Rosenheimer Verlagshaus, Rosenheim 2007, ISBN 978-3-475-53843-8 .
- Karl Valentin: My comical dictionary Munich, Piper, 1986
- Martin Maier SJ : People are good, only people are bad. Decipher the meaning and madness of life with Karl Valentin. Herder, Freiburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-451-32497-0 .
- Signpost through the Valentin-Musäum , Munich, Cop. 1990
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Commons||- multimedia content|
|Wikisource||- Sources and full texts|
- Literature by and about Karl Valentin in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Karl Valentin in the German Digital Library
- Karl Valentin in the Bavarian literature portal (project of the Bavarian State Library )
- Works by Karl Valentin in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Search for Karl Valentin in the SPK digital portal of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
- Claudia Prinz: Karl Valentin. Tabular curriculum vitae in the LeMO ( DHM and HdG )
- karl-valentin.de “Official” homepage (authorized by Karl Valentin's heirs)
- Valentin-Musäum ( museum )
- Karl Valentin and Liesl Karlstadt: Two Bavarian comedians from around the world. Extensive Valentin dossier from Bavarian Broadcasting
- Karl Valentin - complete sound edition / 1928-1947 at Trikont with press review on the occasion of his 125th birthday
- Karl Valentin Fountain and Museum in Munich
- A little crooked in life , commented photo series, one day , February 9, 2018
- Karl Valentin in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Karl Valentin at filmportal.de
- From word stealer to film pioneer ( Memento from October 13, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) - An interview with the Valentin expert Klaus Gronenborn
- “Living on as a form of disappearing” ( memento of October 13, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) - Karl Valentin: for the first time a major exhibition at the Düsseldorf Film Museum , January 27, 2007 to April 22, 2007
- Neue Zürcher Zeitung review from February 2, 2007
- "Karl Valentin. Filmpionier und Medienhandwerker " ( Memento from December 19, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), Martin-Gropius-Bau , January 25 to April 21, 2008 (reviews in Tagesspiegel , DLF and artmagazine )
- Karl Valentin - A portrait documentary from the series CVs (2004)
- "Karl Valentin. Filmpionier und Medienhandwerker ” , exhibition at the German Film Museum Frankfurt, July 11 to November 11, 2007 (reviews of the exhibition and catalog in the DLF and Deutsche Kinemathek, Museum for Film and Television, Berlin. Book of the Month, September 2007 ( Memento from 30. October 2007 in the Internet Archive ))
- Samuel Beckett in Nazi Germany: "Nuremberg was so terrible". In: Süddeutsche.de. February 22, 2011, accessed August 19, 2014 .
- What makes Willy Astor's heart shake. In: hallo-muenchen.de. Hello Munich , May 17, 2018, accessed on February 3, 2019 .
- sueddeutsche.de: Helge Schneider receives Karl Valentin Prize: Two buckets of paint for the philosopher
- Valentin Complete Edition Ton . On the homepage of the editor Andreas Koll, www.a-koll.com.
- Kurt Tucholsky: Gesammelte Werke Vol. 3, p. 474, Rowohlt, Hamburg 1975, ISBN 3-499-29003-0 .
- Nazi files of a comedian. In: Der Spiegel. 23/2007 of June 4, 2007.
- Liesl Karlstadt. One life . Piper, Munich / Zurich 1998, ISBN 3-492-22981-6 .
- Baron v. Rembremerdeng: The Karl Valentin files 33-45 , June 20, 2007
- Quote from the Clown Museum Leipzig: We remember Karl Valentin: A German clown who made it out into the world. (accessed on April 18, 2020)
- Knerger.de: The grave of Karl Valentin.
- 50th anniversary of the death of Liesl Karlstadt - The sad Ulknudel , in Süddeutsche Zeitung , July 26, 2010
- Bauer / Graf: Karl Valentins Munich .
- ARD audio game database. Retrieved June 28, 2018 .
- Valentin- his work www.karl-valentin.de, accessed on February 20, 2019.
- Asteroid Karlvalentin in the Small-Body Database of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (English)
- Death is far from over , Süddeutsche Zeitung , February 9, 2018
- Thomas Stadler: Warning from Karl Valentin quotations , internet-law.de, July 26, 2010
- Natalie Kettinger: She still knew him personally: Karl Valentin's granddaughter is dead , Abendzeitung , August 24, 2014
- Insa Moog: Copyright causes “expensive quotations”: Karl Valentin and the lawyers , WDR , June 4, 2012
- Higher Regional Court: Amazon is not liable for e-book content , Heise online , October 24, 2013.
- You can only lose a brain if you have one. In: FAZ . February 2, 2012, p. 34.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Fey, Valentin Ludwig (real name); Fey, Valentin; Fey, Karl Ludwig|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German comedian, folk singer, author and film producer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 4, 1882|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Munich|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 9, 1948|
|Place of death||Planegg|