August Eberhard Müller
August Eberhard Müller (born December 13, 1767 in Northeim ; † December 3, 1817 in Weimar ) was a German composer , organist and Thomas Cantor .
Müller received his first music lessons from his father, who was an organist, and performed publicly at the age of eight. He then came to Bückeburg as a student of Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach , where he was also the organist of the Ulrichskirche until 1788. From 1789 he worked as a conductor, teacher and organist in Magdeburg . On the recommendation of Johann Friedrich Reichardt , whom he met in Berlin in 1792 , he was appointed organist at the Nikolaikirche in Leipzig in 1794 . Here he belonged to the circle of friends of Friedrich Rochlitz and in 1798 was one of the founding members of the Leipziger Allgemeine Musical Zeitung, edited by Rochlitz . Under the abbreviation “M.” he also wrote several reviews for the newspaper, including works by Beethoven . In 1800 Müller became an adjunct to the Thomaskantor Johann Adam Hiller , whom he followed in office after his death in 1804.
In 1810 he finally took over the post of grand ducal conductor in Weimar. The Weimar chronicler Moritz Müller writes about him: "I have to call Kapellmeister Müller one of the most beautiful men I have known." At the same time he was "a conductor comme il faut, to whom one had to take off one's hat!" "The demands that this keenly attentive Kapellmeister, gifted with the finest musical ear and who did not drop a note on the ground, made the highest demands on his people." The orchestra, under Müller's unyielding direction, achieved a quality never seen before, because he always rehearsed until "everything came together!"
Müller rendered services to the care of Bach's works and the dissemination of the works of the Viennese Classic . In 1801 he conducted the first performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio The Seasons outside of Vienna . He composed two concertos, fourteen sonatas , caprices and other pieces for the piano , of which the caprices in particular were very popular at the time. He also wrote seven flute concertos and other works for flute and orchestra as well as études for flute and piano.
His son Theodor Amadeus Müller (born May 20, 1798 in Leipzig, † March 11, 1846 in Weimar) received violin lessons from Louis Spohr and was a violinist in the Weimar Grand Ducal Chapel. In addition to orchestral works, he composed numerous solos and duets for violin, which were appreciated in his day.
- Instructions for the exact and correct performance of Mozart's piano concerto with the intention of correct application. Leipzig 1797
- La Clemenza di Tito / Opera seria composta da WA Mozart. Titus / serious opera in two acts by WA Mozart / again drawn out for the piano by A. [ugust] E. [berhard] Müller. At Breitkopf and Härtel in Leipzig. Pr. 2 Thlr. [1803; his first piano reduction for the festival opera was published in 1795].
Musical works (selection)
- op. 3: Three piano sonatas (C major, B flat major, E flat major), Offenbach: André
- op. 4: Caprice in C minor for piano
- Op. 5: Three piano sonatas (F major, C major, G major)
- op.7: Three piano sonatas (A major, E flat major, C major)
- op. 14: Three piano sonatas (C major, F major, D major)
- op. 26: Piano Sonata in B flat major
- op. 29: Six grandes Caprices for piano
- op. 31: Trois grandes Caprices for piano
- op. 34: Trois grandes Caprices for piano
- op. 36: Grande Sonate in D minor for piano
- op. 41: Trois grandes Caprices for piano, Leipzig: Peters, around 1819
- op. 52: Les Sauts du Diable. Grande Caprice fantastique , Vienna: Haslinger
- Friedrich Rochlitz, August Eberhard Müller (Nekrolog), in: Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung , vol. 19, no. 52 of December 24, 1817, col. 885–890 ( digitized version )
- Robert Eitner : Müller, August Eberhard . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1885, pp. 515-517.
- Willibald Nagel, On the life story of August Eberhard Müller , in: Die Musik , Vol. 9, Volume 36 (1909/10), Issue 4, pp. 84–92 ( digitized version )
- Günther Haupt, August Eberhard Müller's Life and Piano Works , Diss., Leipzig 1926
- Michael Märker: Müller, August Eberhard. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-00199-0 , p. 348 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Axel Beer: Müller, August Eberhard. In: MGG Online (subscription required).
- Gunter Hempel: Müller, August Eberhard. In: Grove Music Online (English; subscription required).
- ↑ See Klaus Martin Kopitz , Beethoven and his reviewers. A look behind the scenes of the Allgemeine Musical Zeitung , in: Beethoven and the Leipziger Musikverlag Breitkopf & Härtel , ed. by Nicole Kämpken and Michael Ladenburger, Bonn: Beethoven-Haus, 2007, pp. 149–167
- ^ WG Gotthardi [= Moritz Müller], Weimar theater pictures from Goethe's time. Traditional and personal experiences , Jena and Leipzig 1865, Volume 2, pp. 118–121 ( digitized version )
- Works by and about August Eberhard Müller in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about August Eberhard Müller in the German Digital Library
- Sheet music and audio files by August Eberhard Müller in the International Music Score Library Project
|SURNAME||Müller, August Eberhard|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German composer, virtuoso and Thomaskantor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 13, 1767|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Northeim|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 3, 1817|
|Place of death||Weimar|