Leadwort plants

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Leadwort plants
Cape leadwort (Plumbago auriculata)

Cape leadwort ( Plumbago auriculata )

Subdivision : Seed plants (Spermatophytina)
Class : Bedecktsamer (Magnoliopsida)
Nuclear eudicotyledons
Order : Clove-like (Caryophyllales)
Family : Leadwort plants
Scientific name

The lead root plants (Plumbaginaceae) form a family in the order of the carnation-like (Caryophyllales) within the flowering plants (Magnoliopsida).

Description and ecology

European leadwort ( Plumbago europaea ), illustration by Adolphus Ypey 1813

Vegetative characteristics

They are mostly herbaceous plants with perennial growth , but there are also woody plants: shrubs , rarely lianas (climbing plants). The Plumbaginaceae family consists primarily of xerophytes that occur in semi-deserts and steppes and of halophytes near the beach.

Generative characteristics

The flowers stand together in very different inflorescences .

The mostly hermaphrodite flowers are five-fold with a double flower envelope . The five sepals are fused into a five-ribbed tube that ends in five calyx lobes that are significantly shorter than the calyx tube. The five petals are fused or free; if they are free then they are nailed. There is only one circle with five fertile stamens ; they are mostly free except for the genus Aegialitis ; they are epipetal, so they stand in front of the petals, so the outer stamen circle is missing. The five carpels are mostly to upper permanent ovary grown. There are one or five styluses.

There are cap fruits or nuts formed.


The pollination is usually by insects ( Entomophilie ).

Subfamily Plumbaginoideae: Chinese leadwort ( Ceratostigma plumbaginoides )
Subfamily Plumbaginoideae: Dyerophytum africanum
Subfamily Staticoideae: Dictyolimon macrorrhabdos
Subfamily Staticoideae: Limoniastrum monopetalum
Subfamily Staticoideae: Limonium sinuatum
Subfamily Staticoideae: Plug Herb beach Lilac ( Myriolimon ferulaceum )
Subfamily Staticoideae: Psylliostachys suworowii


The Plumbaginaceae family was established by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu .

In the Plumbaginaceae family there are two subfamilies with a total of 27 genera and 836 species:

Subfamily Plumbaginoideae Burnett : It contains four genera and 36 species:
Subfamily Staticoideae Kosteletzky : It contains two tribe and 23 genera:
Tribe Aegialitideae (Link) Peng : It contains only one genus:
Tribus Staticeae Bartling : It contains 22 genera with around 800 species:
  • Hedgehog cushion ( Acantholimon Boiss. ): The approximately 165 species occur from the Eastern Mediterranean to Central Asia, including:
  • Grass carnations ( Armeria Willd. , Syn .: Statice L. ): The approximately 90 species thrive in the temperate areas of the northern hemisphere and in South America .
  • Bamiania Lincz. : It contains only one type:
  • Bukiniczia Lincz. (Syn .: Aeoniopsis Rech. F. ): It contains only one species:
  • Cephalorhizum Popov & Korovin : The only two species occur in Central Asia.
  • Ceratolimon M.B. Crespo & MD Lledó : The four species occur in the Mediterranean area.
  • Chaetolimon (Bunge) Lincz. : The only three species occur in Central Asia.
  • Dictyolimon Rech. F. : The four or so species occur from Central Asia to India.
  • Eremolimon Lincz. : The seven or so species occur in Central Asia.
  • Ghaznianthus Lincz. : It contains only one type:
  • Gladiolimon Mobayen : It contains only one species:
  • Goniolimon Boiss. : The approximately 20 species occur from Russia to Mongolia and northwest Africa .
  • Ikonnikovia Lincz. : It contains only one type:
  • Limoniastrum Fabr. (Syn .: Bubania Girard ): The only two types occur in the Mediterranean area.
  • Limoniopsis Lincz. : There are about two species from Turkey to the Caucasus region
  • Beach lilac or abutment joint ( Limonium Mill. , Syn .: Afrolimon Lincz. , Bakerolimon Lincz. , Plegorhiza Molina , statice L. ): There are 200 to 350 species.
  • Muellerolimon Lincz. : It contains only one type:
  • Myriolimon Lledó, Erben & MBCrespo (Syn .: Myriolepis (Boiss.) Lledó, Erben & MBCrespo ): The only two species occur in the Mediterranean area. Including:
    • Plug Herb beach Lilac ( Myriolimon ferulaceum (L.) Lledó, Erben & MBCrespo ) (Syn .: Limonium ferulaceum (L.) Kuntze , statice ferulacea L. )
  • Neogontscharovia Lincz. : The only three species occur in Central Asia and Afghanistan.
  • Popoviolimon Lincz. : It contains only one type:
  • Psylliostachys (Jaub. & Spach) Nevski : The ten or so species occur from the Mediterranean to Central Asia.
  • Saharanthus M.B.Crespo & MDLledó (Syn .: Caballeroa Font Quer nom. Inval.): It contains only one species:
  • Vassilczenkoa Lincz. : It contains only one type:


Individual evidence

  1. Plumbaginaceae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), USDA , ARS , National Genetic Resources Program. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
  2. ^ David John Mabberley: Mabberley's Plant-Book. A portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses. 3rd edition, Cambridge University Press 2008, ISBN 978-0-521-82071-4 .

Web links

Commons : Plumbaginaceae  - Collection of images, videos, and audio files