Brackish water

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Under brackish water refers to sea water or sea water with a salt content ( salinity ) of 0.1% to 1%.

In the Anglo-Saxon region, a salt content between 0.05% and 1.8%, sometimes even 3%, is assumed. Water with a lower salt content is called fresh water , water with a higher salt content is called salt water . Brackish water differs from fresh water mainly in that it contains too much salt (despite its comparatively low salinity) to be drinkable for humans.

The word brackish water is derived from the Low German word brackish . This describes a body of water that was created by a dike breach and subsequent scouring .


Archerfish (Toxotes jaculatrix)

In the area of river mouths in the sea, the mixing of the sweet river water with the salty sea water creates the so-called brackish water zone . This intertidal zone is characterized by a permanently changing salt content and therefore places high demands on the regulation of their water and salt balance ( osmoregulation ) on the organisms living there due to the changing osmotic pressure . Here - depending on the salinity - freshwater-tolerant species from the sea and saltwater-tolerant species from freshwater meet. Some animal and plant species have developed the ability to survive in the brackish water conditions, such as

The brackish water zones are generally populated by only a few highly specialized species, but with a high population density. In this ecosystem there is a high density of individuals with a relative poverty of species (low biodiversity ).

In the area of gulfs or bays , the brackish water zones often have a more stable salinity, for example the Gulf of Finland or the northern part of Lake Maracaibo .


Brackish water zones can be found in the area of ​​practically all river mouths . Typical brackish water zones can be found in Europe

In the tropics , too, brackish water zones form in the area of ​​influence of estuaries ; they are often characterized by extensive mangrove swamps .

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Brackish water  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. The Lexicon of the Earth: Brackish Water .