Fraternity Vineta Heidelberg
|Fraternity Vineta Heidelberg|
|Establishment date||July 10, 1879 in Heidelberg|
|Umbrella organization||umbrella association free|
|Weapon principle||optional striking|
|Motto||Amico pectus, hosti frontem!|
The fraternity Vineta Heidelberg is a color-bearing and optionally hitting fraternity in Heidelberg . It does not belong to any corporation and is a politically and denominationally independent community of students and former students of the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg and the surrounding universities. The members are called Vineten.
On July 10, 1879, seven high school graduates from Heidelberg founded the black , striking association Vineta. The founders were friends as early as 1874 and practiced rowing on the Neckar in their own foursome , which they named Vineta in memory of the corvette of the same name , which was the first German warship to circumnavigate the world from 1865–1868 . Due to the fact that two of the founders, Leopold Freiherr von Dusch and Julius Fischer, sons of Heidelberg university professors and rectors, the new corporation quickly gained in reputation. In 1909 the Vineta changed into a fraternity and in 1910 it was accepted into the corporation association of the German fraternity (DB). The fraternities Brunsviga Göttingen , Alemannia Bonn and Teutonia Freiburg sent support boys to Heidelberg for development.
After the DB dissolved in 1935, the Vineta fraternity was also dissolved. The Carl Cleinow Comradeship was founded in their place . It was named after one of the Göttingen support boys who fought as a fighter pilot in World War I and died in France in 1918. The camaraderie lasted until the end of World War II.
The first general meeting after the Second World War took place in 1948, and a short time later there was an active business again. In 1951 Vineta rejoined the German fraternity. In 1963 the Vineta was suspended for one year by the German fraternity because it had accepted a Turkish citizen. This was followed by the exclusion of this same member from Vineta. In 1969 the Vineta was again suspended and excluded at the Boy's Day in 1970 because it had given up the principle of compulsory beating. However, after upheaval phenomena in the DB they entered 1972 again after the German fraternity the Bestimmungsmensur had abolished. In 1991 Vineta finally left the DB and in 1992 was a founding member of the liberal Association of German Fraternities. In 1998 the Association of German Fraternities was dissolved, with a large number of members later founding the New German Burschenschaft (NeueDB). Since then, Vineta has been a free fraternity without an association. Vineta has had a close friendship with Alemannia Freiburg since 2016.
The Vinetenhaus was built in the middle of the 19th century. In 1906 it became the property of Vineta. Today the house at Zwingerstraße 10 in Heidelberg is the central meeting point for all members.
The Vineta motto is: amico pectus, hosti frontem ( Latin for "the chest of friends, the forehead of enemies"). The motto expresses in a special form the principle of friendship and vitality of the members of Vineta.
coat of arms
The coat of arms is quartered. The upper left field contains the colors of the Vineta in light blue, white and black. To the right of it is a sailing ship, which refers to the SMS Vineta (1863) as well as to the maritime legend of the submerged Baltic city of Vineta . In the lower left field is the federal sign with two crossed basket bats in a laurel wreath and the date of foundation written in it. To the right of this is the circle with the letters V, C, F, V, which stand for Vivat, Crescat, Floreat, Vineta.
The knight's helmet with a royal crown is shown on the coat of arms. Three ostrich feathers in the colors of the connection and the correspondingly colored coat of arms were chosen as the crest.
The colors of the Vineta are light blue - white - black. The color goes back to the connection between the Vineta and the sea. Light blue like the sky, white like the spray and black like the depth of the sea.
Boys wear a light blue, white, and black ribbon with a silver percussion. Foxes do not wear a fox ribbon. A blue cap is worn.
- Gustav Altfelix (1859–1934), Lord Mayor and honorary citizen of Lahr / Black Forest
- Julius Berendes (1907–2001), Professor of Medicine, Director of the Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic in Marburg
- Friedrich Bernhard (1897–1949), professor of medicine in Giessen, pioneer of heart transplantation
- Erich Brandenburg (1868–1946), Professor of History, Rector of the University of Leipzig, publisher of the historical quarterly journal
- Friedrich Brie (1880–1948), professor of English studies, rector of the University of Freiburg
- Ernst-Christoph Brühler (1891–1961), Member of the Bundestag (DP)
- Gert-Ulrich Buurman (1936–2013), pedagogue, rector of the Landschulheim Steinmühle boarding school
- Friedrich Denzel (1887–1952), councilor in Pforzheim
- Kurt Ditzen (1891–1982), newspaper publisher (Nordwestdeutscher Verlag Ditzen & Co., Nordseezeitung)
- Bruno Eichhorn (1864–1926), Prussian administrative lawyer and district administrator
- Alfred Franck (1878–1963), Member of the State Parliament of the National Liberal Party, President of the Karlsruhe Trade Association
- Ernst Frech (1866–1930), senior magistrate and district administrator
- Rudolf Frey (1917–1981), founder of the “Club of Mainz” (today “World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine”, WADEM), first professor for anesthesiology in the Federal Republic of Germany
- Heinz Gebauer (1902–1955), Lord Mayor of Wuppertal
- Karl Groos (1861–1946), psychologist and professor of philosophy, discoverer of the psychological and biological significance of play
- Heinrich Groß (1878–1967), District Administrator in Freiburg
- Willy Haubrichs (1911–1982), Professor of Tax Law, President of the Taxpayers' Association
- Lothar Heffter (1862–1962), mathematician and honorary member of the German Mathematicians Association (DMV), rector of the University of Freiburg, honorary citizen of the University of Freiburg
- Richard Hepp (1872–1929), chief magistrate or district administrator in Müllheim and Lahr
- Robert Leimbach (1876–1914), chemist
- Rudolf Obkircher (1859–1916), member of the German Reichstag
- Franz Popp (1865–1934), District Administrator in Baden
- Karl Sack (1896–1945), lawyer and resistance fighter against National Socialism around Stauffenberg
- Enrique Sattler (1863–1944), surgeon in Bremen, senior physician
- Fritz Schneider (1916–2006), Minister of Justice of Rhineland-Palatinate (FDP)
- Theodor Seitz (1863–1949), colonial politician, governor general of Cameroon
- Benno Eide Siebs (1891–1977), district administrator and local researcher
- Gerhard Thomsen (1899–1934), professor of mathematics in Rostock
- Alfred Tritscheler (1870–1935), District Administrator in Rastatt
- Bernhard Weinhardt (1901–1983), President of the German aerospace industry, Managing Director of Airbus GmbH
Membership directory :
- Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. List of members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. pp. 1052–1053.
- Eckhard Oberdörfer: Der Heidelberger Karzer , Cologne 2005, p. 159.
- The Devil's Turk. In: Der Spiegel. July 1, 1964, accessed April 22, 2014 .
- EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 66.
- Hans-Georg Balder: The German (n) Burschenschaft (en) - Your representation in individual chronicles. Hilden 2005, pp. 233-234.
- Gerhart Berger, Detlev Aurand: ... Weiland Bursch zu Heidelberg ... A commemorative publication by the Heidelberg corporations for the 600th anniversary of Ruperto Carola . Heidelberg 1986, pp. 159-161.