|local community||Orée d'Anjou|
|region||Pays de la Loire|
|Former INSEE code||49069|
|Incorporation||December 15, 2015|
Champtoceaux is a small town and a commune Déléguée in the French community Orée d'Anjou with 2,504 inhabitants (as of January 1 2017) in the department of Maine-et-Loire in the region of Pays de la Loire .
Champtoceaux, formerly Châteauceaux, was one of the most important fortresses in France in the Middle Ages, especially the Anjou opposite Brittany . In Carolingian times it belonged to the Breton Mark . A rock spur that rises 70 meters above the river was the underground of the fortress.
Gregory of Tours calls Champtoceaux ( Latin "Castrum Sellense") one of the 25 most important fortresses of the Gauls . The associated port, "Portus selus", secured supplies. Around 560 a Duke Austrapius was ordained bishop in Châteauceaux, which then briefly became the seat of a subdiocese of the Diocese of Poitiers . In the 8th century, Pippin the Little received the ambassadors of the Caliph of Baghdad here .
Until 942 Châteauceaux belonged to the Poitou and then changed into the possession of Alain II. Barbetorte , Duke of Brittany . After his death, his widow married the Count of Anjou, whereby Châteauceaux changed hands again. In 988 , Count Fulko Nerra of Anjou ordered the construction of a fortress from which the road toll was also collected.
The castle has been besieged several times over the years:
In 1420 the castle was finally destroyed. During the War of the Breton Succession , Duke Johann V was imprisoned in Châmptoceaux. After its liberation by the English, he ordered the castle to be destroyed. After that, Champtoceaux no longer played a political role.
With effect from December 15, 2015, the municipalities of Bouzillé , Champtoceaux , Drain , Landemont , Liré , Saint-Christophe-la-Couperie , Saint-Laurent-des-Autels , Saint-Sauveur-de-Landemont and La Varenne were removed from the former Communauté de communes du Canton de Champtoceaux amalgamated into a Commune nouvelle with the name Orée d'Anjou. The municipality of Champtoceaux belonged to the arrondissement of Cholet and the canton of La Pommeraye (until 2015: canton of Champtoceaux ).
- Johann III. , Duke of Brittany, was born here in 1286
- Hippolyte Maindron , sculptor, was born here in 1801.
- Le Patrimoine des Communes de Maine-et-Loire . Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 2001, ISBN 2-84234-117-1 , pp. 389-397.
- Robert Favreau: Histoire du Poitou et des Pays charentais, page 126