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Forssan kaupunki
coat of arms map
Forssa coat of arms Location of Forssa in Finland
Basic data
State : FinlandFinland Finland
Landscape : Kanta-malice
Administrative community : Forssa
Geographical location 60 ° 49 ′  N , 23 ° 38 ′  E Coordinates: 60 ° 49 ′  N , 23 ° 38 ′  E
Surface: 253.39 km²
of which land area: 248.78 km²
of which inland waterways: 4.61 km²
Residents : 17,028 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 68.4 inhabitants / km²
Municipality number : 061
Language (s) : Finnish
Website :

Forssa [ ˈfɔrsːɑ ] is an industrial city in the Finnish region of Häme with 17,028 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018).


Forssa is located in the western part of the landscape Tavastia riverside Loimijoki . The neighboring municipalities of Forssa are Tammela in the southeast, Jokioinen and Humppila in the west and Urjala in the north. The city is the center of the administrative community of the same name ( seutukunta ) ; many residents of neighboring communities commute to work in Forssa. Forssa is located in the densely populated triangle between the southern Finnish cities of Helsinki , Turku and Tampere . The next larger city is Hämeenlinna 56 kilometers east, the distance to the capital Helsinki is around 110 kilometers.

The actual city of Forssa consists of the districts Haudankorva, Järvenpää, Kaikula, Keskusta, Kalliomäki, Korkeavaha, Kuhala, Kuusto, Lamminranta, Linikkala, Ojalanmäki, Paavola, Pikku-Muolaa, Pisbergäs, Völöik, Talso and Talso. In addition, the municipal area of ​​254.6 square kilometers includes part of the rural area with the villages of Koijärvi and Matku as well as the villages of Ahoniitty, Haisio, Ilvesoja, Järvenpää, Kojo, Lunttila, Vuolle, Lempää, Rekirikko, Kukkapää, Vuoltuiemialsu, Savitooiniem and Suonpää.

Forssa was created when the Swedish manufacturer Axel Wilhelm Wahren founded a spinning mill on a rapids on the Loimijoki in 1847. In the years that followed, a densely populated village developed around the factory. Until the 1970s, the textile industry was the most important branch of the economy in Forssa. The place, strongly influenced by industry, was one of the strongholds of the Finnish labor movement: at its party congress in Forssa in 1903, the Finnish Labor Party adopted its new program and adopted the current name of the Social Democratic Party of Finland . In 1923 Forssa was detached from the community of Tammela and raised to an independent market town. In 1964 Forssa finally became a town, which in 1969 expanded again with the incorporation of Koijärvi.

Today, in addition to the textile industry, food production and printing are important branches of industry in Forssa. The largest company based in the city is the food producer HK Ruokatalo . The Finnish economic crisis in the early 1990s was a severe blow to Forssa's development. Since then, the city's population, which was over 20,000 in the 1980s, has been falling steadily.


The city was the end of the Jokioinen – Forssa railway , a narrow-gauge railway line from which a 14 km long remnant from Humppila to Jokioinen is operated as a museum railway by Jokioisten Museorautatie . In Forssa, from 1899 to 1973, the railway line was connected to an industrial railway electrified with 500 V, which supplied numerous industrial companies in the city with the same gauge.

sons and daughters of the town

Individual evidence

  1. Maanmittauslaitos (Finnish land surveying office): Suomen pinta-alat kunnittain January 1, 2010 (PDF file; 194 kB)
  2. Statistical Office Finland: Table 11ra - Key figures on population by region, 1990-2018

Web links

Commons : Forssa  - collection of images, videos and audio files