Gerhard Oberkofler

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Gerhard Oberkofler (born August 3, 1941 in Innsbruck ) is an Austrian Marxist historian.

Education and professional career

Oberkofler graduated from Feldkirch in 1959 and then began studying history and art history at the University of Innsbruck . In the first half of 1963 he was a research assistant at Nikolaus Grass . In 1964, he was 22-year-old with a dissertation on regional educational history of Vorarlberg for Dr. phil. PhD. After serving in the Austrian Armed Forces , Oberkofler was at the Vienna Institute for Austrian Historical Research from 1965 to 1966 and moved to Innsbruck in 1966 as an assistant to Franz Huter . In 1968 Oberkofler took over a position as a scientific official at the Innsbruck University Archives, whose honorary management was taken over by Franz Huter. In 1974 Oberkofler became a member of the BMfWuF's newly established project team “History of the Labor Movement”, and in 1978 he obtained his habilitation in the field of “Recent Austrian History with a special focus on the history of science”. In 1983 Oberkofler was appointed university professor. At the same time, he headed the Innsbruck University Archives for the next nineteen years until he retired in 2002.

In addition to his work as a university professor, Oberkofler was scientifically and politically active in the context of the Communist Party of Austria (KPÖ), from which he resigned after 2000; In 2008 he ran for the “Left in Tyrol” (ATIGF) in the Innsbruck municipal elections. Oberkofler was one of the editors of Correspondence between Progressive University Lecturers and Scientists - Progressive Science (1976 to 1993). In 1993 Oberkofler was a founding member of the Alfred Klahr Society , and he served as its Vice President until the end of 2014. He was also a member of the international advisory board of the journal Topos - International Contributions to Dialectical Theory , which was edited from 1993 to 2011 by Hans Heinz Holz and Domenico Losurdo . In addition, Oberkofler writes commentaries on current political events in German-language daily newspapers, including in the leading Austrian media Die Presse and Der Standard or in the German left-wing daily Junge Welt, at irregular intervals . Oberkofler also publishes in the RotFuchs - Tribune for Communists and Socialists in Germany and on the DKP's news portal and in the newspaper of the Labor Party of Austria , the Labor newspaper.


Oberkofler wrote a large number of publications on the history of Austrian science, and from the mid-1970s onwards, with a Marxist-Leninist position, he mainly devoted himself to coming to terms with the Nazi past in the academic milieu and the biographies of outstanding Austrian scientists. He was also concerned with the history of the labor movement ; since 1974 he has presented his first work for the Tyrolean region . Since the late 1980s, he has dealt with liberation theology , among other things .


As the author of monographs
  • The history subjects at the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Innsbruck 1850-1945 (publications of the University of Innsbruck 39), Innsbruck 1969.
  • Vorarlberg's way to a modern school (Schriften zur Vorarlberger Landeskunde 7), Dornbirn 1969.
  • History and holdings of the Innsbruck University Archives (Research on Innsbruck University History 8), Innsbruck 1970.
  • February 1934 . The historical development using the example of Tyrol , ed. from the SPÖ Tirol , Innsbruck 1974.
  • The register of the University of Innsbruck. Third department. Matricula Universitatis , 3 volumes 1764 / 65–1791 / 92, Innsbruck 1974–1984.
  • Legal teaching in Italian at the University of Innsbruck (1864–1904) (Research on Innsbruck University History 11), Innsbruck 1975.
  • Labor movement in Tyrol. A contribution to their history from March to 1917 , ed. from the SPÖ Tirol, Innsbruck 1976.
  • The first step: the founding of the Tyrolean Social Democratic Workers' Party in 1890 . Edited by Renner Institute Tirol. Innsbruck 1980. Reprint: Ed. Renner Institute Tirol. Innsbruck 2015 ( ISBN 978-3-9502541-2-9 ).
  • July 15, 1927 in Tyrol. Regional bureaucracy and the labor movement (Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for the History of the Labor Movement. Materials on the Labor Movement No. 23), Vienna 1982.
  • The Tyrolean labor movement. From the beginnings to the 2nd World War (Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for the History of the Labor Movement. Materials on the Labor Movement 13), Vienna 1986.
  • Austrian-Soviet Science Relations (1917–1945) (Innsbruck Contributions to Cultural Studies. Special Issue 55), Innsbruck 1983.
  • Studies on the history of Austrian law (legal history series 33). Frankfurt a. M. 1984.
  • (with Eduard Rabofsky) Hidden Roots of the Nazi Justice. Criminal armaments for two world wars . Vienna 1985.
  • (with Günther Pallaver ) For bread, work and freedom. Documents on the contemporary history of South Tyrol , Bozen 1985.
  • (with Eduard Rabofsky) Studies on the history of Austrian science. Science between War and Peace , Edition Progressive Science, Vienna 1987.
  • (with Eduard Rabofsky) fulfillment of duty for or against Austria. Historical considerations from March 1938 , Vienna 1988.
  • (with Eduard Rabofsky) Hans Kelsen in the war effort of the kuk Wehrmacht (legal history series 58), Frankfurt a. M. 1988.
  • (with Eduard Rabofsky) Science in Austria (1945–1960). Contributions to their problems , Frankfurt a. M. 1989.
  • The representatives of Roman law with German as the language of instruction at the Charles University in Prague (Legal History Series 90), Frankfurt a. M. 1991.
  • (with Peter Goller ) Materials on the history of natural history disciplines in Austria. Botany at the University of Innsbruck (1860–1945) , Innsbruck 1991.
  • (with Peter Goller) Richard Kuhn . Sketches for the career of an Austrian Nobel Prize winner , Innsbruck 1992.
  • (with Peter Goller) About historical reason and the future of the left. A conversation with Manfred Buhr , Innsbruck 1992.
  • (with Eduard Rabofsky) Heinrich Lammasch (1853–1920) , Innsbruck 1993.
  • (with Peter Goller) Engelbert Broda (1910–1983). Science and Society, ed. from the Central Library for Physics in Vienna, Vienna 1993.
  • (with Peter Goller) Orientation on the Balkans. A conversation with Zoran Konstantinovic , Innsbruck 1994.
  • (with Peter Goller) Fritz Feigl (1891–1971). Notes and documents on an academic biography in memory of Kurt Horeischy and Hans Vollmer , Vienna 1994.
  • (with Peter Goller) History of the University of Innsbruck (1669–1945) (Law and Social Science Series 14), Frankfurt a. M./Wien 1996.
  • Eduard Rabofsky. Working class lawyer. A political biography , Innsbruck 1997.
  • (with Charles P. Enz and Beat Glaus) Wolfgang Pauli and his work at the ETH Zurich , Zurich 1997.
  • Erika Cremer (1900–1996). A life for chemistry , Innsbruck 1998.
  • University ceremonial. A biotope of the zeitgeist , Vienna 1999.
  • (with Peter Goller) Innsbruck Medical Faculty: Fascist Reality (1938) and Continuity under Post-Fascist Conditions (1945); a documentation , Innsbruck 1999.
  • Franz Huter . Soldier and historian of Tyrol , Innsbruck 1999.
  • (with Peter Goller) Emmerich Übleis (1912–1942). Communist student at the University of Innsbruck - antifascist - Spain fighter - Soviet partisan , Innsbruck 2000.
  • Leopold Ružička . Swiss chemist and humanist from old Austria. For Samuel Mitja Rapoport , Innsbruck / Vienna 2001.
  • (with Peter Goller) University of Innsbruck. Denazification and rehabilitation of Nazi cadres (1945–1950) , Innsbruck 2003.
  • (with Hermann Klenner ) Arthur Baumgarten. Legal philosopher and communist , Innsbruck 2003.
  • (with Peter Goller) Austrian reform of fundamental rights. The Protocols of the Expert College on Problems of Fundamental Rights and Freedom (1862–1965). With the collaboration of Hans R. Klecatsky , Frankfurt a. M. 2003.
  • (with Peter Goller) Catalog of fundamental rights for Austria? Historical-political remarks on the Austrian reform of fundamental rights (1962–1965) , Frankfurt a. M. 2004.
  • Kathe Spiegel. From the life of an old Austrian historian and women's rights activist in Prague , Innsbruck / Vienna / Bozen 2005. Film by Gudrun Gruber with Gerhard Oberkofler:
  • Ferdinand Cap and Otto Hittmair . From the pioneering years of Innsbruck theoretical physics , Innsbruck / Vienna / Bozen 2006.
  • Samuel Steinherz (1857–1942). Biographical sketch about an old Austrian Jew in Prague , Innsbruck / Vienna / Bozen 2008.
  • Nikolaus Grass : some scientific history miniatures from letters and his correspondence with the Prague Jew Guido Kisch , Innsbruck / Vienna 2008.
  • Thomas Schönfeld (1923-2008). Austrian scientist and peace fighter , Innsbruck / Vienna / Bozen 2010.
  • Georg Fuchs. A Viennese people's doctor in the fight against imperialism , Innsbruck / Vienna / Bozen 2011.
  • Collected studies (edited by Manfred Mugrauer), Vienna 2011.
  • Ludwig Spiegel and Kleo Pleyer : German misery in the biography of two Sudeten German intellectuals , Innsbruck / Vienna 2012.
  • (with Manfred Mugrauer) Georg Knepler . Musicologist and Marxist thinker from Vienna , Innsbruck / Vienna 2014.
  • Konrad Farner . On the thoughts and actions of the Swiss Marxist , Innsbruck / Vienna 2015.
  • Peace Movement and Liberation Theology. Marxist fragments in memory of the peace fighter Daniel Berrigan SJ (born May 9, 1921 in Virginia, Minnesota, † April 30, 2016 in New York City, New York) , Berlin 2016.
  • Vatican ideology and Marxism. Texts on aspects of a historical confrontation . Innsbruck / Vienna 2017.
  • Do Pope Francis' liberation theological positions give rise to hope ?, Berlin 2018.
  • with Manfred Stern: Leo (Jonas Leib) Stern. A life for solidarity, freedom and peace. Studienverlag, Innsbruck / Vienna 2019, ISBN 978-3-7065-5973-7 .
As editor
  • (with Eleonore Zlabinger) East-West encounter in Austria. Festschrift for Eduard Winter on his 80th birthday , Vienna / Cologne / Graz 1974.
  • (with Johann Holzner ) Breakout from the provinces. Adolf Pichler - Alois Brandl. Correspondence (1876–1900) (Innsbruck contributions to cultural studies). Germanistic Series 16, Innsbruck 1983.
  • (with the participation of Hermann M. Ölberg, edited and introduced) Documents on the history of Indo-European and general linguistics as well as ancient Indian history (philology) and antiquity at the University of Innsbruck. from the beginnings (1861) to 1945 (research on Innsbruck university history 12), Innsbruck 1984.
  • (with the assistance of Peter Goller) Franz Brentano : Letters to Carl Stumpf (lived 1848–1936) , Graz 1989.
  • (with Wolfgang Maßl, Alfred Noll) Eduard Rabofsky: Against the restoration in the right. Selected articles and essays , Vienna 1991.
  • (with Peter Goller) Erwin Schrödinger : Letters and documents from Zurich, Vienna and Innsbruck . Introduced and commented. Edited by the Central Physics Library in Vienna. Innsbruck 1992.
  • Eduard Winter : Memories , Frankfurt a. M. 1994.
  • (with Peter Goller) Alfons Huber : Briefe (1859–1898) , Innsbruck / Vienna 1995.
  • (with Johann J. Hagen, Wolfgang Maßl, Alfred J. Noll) querela iuris. Commemorative writing for Eduard Rabofsky (1911–1994) , Vienna / New York 1996.

Individual evidence

  1. "University of Opportunism" , in: Die Presse (May 29, 2015)
  2. ^ "Opportunism instead of theology of liberation" , in: Die Presse (January 12, 2016)
  3. The new EU left is a chimera of hope , in: Der Standard (February 12, 2015)
  4. "Jesus is still born on straw", in: Junge Welt, December 21, 2019, p. 10.
  5. ^ Gerhard Oberkofler: "Call Boys" in Tyrolean Telfs. In: RotFuchs. Tribune for communists and socialists in Germany . August 2015, accessed May 4, 2016 .
  6. Oberkofler «Search results« DKP news portal. In: Retrieved October 18, 2016 .
  7. Historical background to the “practical” behavior of China. In: newspaper of work. Labor Party, April 16, 2020, accessed April 16, 2020 .
  8. G. Oberkofler, Science and Communist Party in Austria (2008) ( Memento of the original from April 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. See the review note on , November 29, 2003, accessed on August 23, 2019: “Although the book is for the most part worth reading, it suffers from the sometimes very polemical argumentation and a lack of critical distance to Baumgarten's political development. "
  10. meeting


  • Fritz Fellner , Doris A. Corradini (Ed.): Austrian History in the 20th Century. A biographical-bibliographical lexicon . Böhlau, Vienna / Cologne / Weimar 2006, ISBN 3-205-77476-0 .
  • Hans Mikosch, Anja Oberkofler (ed.): Against bad tradition, for revolutionary new. Festschrift for Gerhard Oberkofler . StudienVerlag, Innsbruck / Vienna / Bozen 2012, ISBN 978-3-7065-5013-0 .

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