City of Lützen
|Height :||154 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||15 km²|
|Residents :||819 (Dec. 31, 2008)|
|Population density :||55 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||06686|
|Area code :||034444|
Location of Großgörschen in Lützen
Großgörschen is located approx. 6 km southeast of Lützen between Leipzig and Weißenfels , and between the opencast mining areas of Zwenkau and Profen . The community with its four districts is surrounded by agricultural land. The eastern municipal border is also the border with Saxony .
The districts of the former municipality are (in order of size)
- Kleingörschen (incorporated into Großgörschen on July 1, 1950)
- Rahna (incorporated into Großgörschen on July 1, 1950)
- Kaja (incorporated into Großgörschen on July 1, 1950)
The parts of the community belonging to Großgörschen are Slavic foundations from around the year 600. The oldest documented mention goes back to 1277 . At that time, the Wettin Margrave Dietrich von Landsberg sold the Eisdorf court seat, including all the associated locations, to the bishop of the Merseburg Monastery Friedrich I von Torgau for 300 silver marks. Görschen, Rahna and Kaja are also mentioned among the thirty places. In the period that followed, Großgörschen, Kleingörschen, Kaja and Rahna belonged to the Hochstift-Merseburg office of Lützen until 1815 , which had been under Electoral Saxon sovereignty from 1561 and belonged to the secondary school- principality of Saxony-Merseburg between 1656/57 and 1738 . In the 15th century, the watchtower built as a fortress was extended by a nave and converted into an initially Catholic church. In 1542 the first Protestant service was celebrated in Großgörschen.
The first fighting of the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon took place in the Battle of Großgörschen on May 2, 1813 . As a result of the resolutions of the Congress of Vienna , the four places with the western part of the Lützen district came to Prussia in 1815. They were the 1816 Merseburg in the administrative district of Merseburg of the Province of Saxony allocated. In the course of the first district reform in the GDR on July 1, 1950, Kleingörschen, Kaja and Rahna were incorporated into Großgörschen and the place was reclassified to the Weißenfels district. With the second district reform in 1952, Großgörschen came to the Weißenfels district in the Halle district , which in 1990 became the Weißenfels district again and was added to the Burgenland district in 2007.
The Scharnhorst School is a primary school with an after-school care center next to it.
The tower of the village church was originally built around 1150 as a fortress tower for Franconian settlers.
The village museum is worth seeing, including a diorama with a miniature of the Battle of Großgörschen (May 1813). From the monarch's hill in the south of the village, the Tsar Alexander I and the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III. watched this battle.
In the east of Großgörschen there is a post mill from the 18th century.
Also worth seeing are the monuments of the Battle of Großgörschen in 1813.
- Community Großgörschen - general information. Archived from the original on June 18, 2009 ; accessed on August 30, 2014 .
- Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas , Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 , p. 84 f.
- The district of Merseburg in the municipal directory 1900
- Großgörschen and its districts in the historical directory of the association for computer genealogy
- StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010