Mechlin Cathedral

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The cathedral of Mechelen, in front of it houses on the market square

The Mechlin Cathedral with the patronage of Sint Rombout ( St. Rumold ) is the episcopal church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mechlin-Brussels in Mechlin , Belgium . The church, begun around 1200 and completed in its present form around 1500, is one of the main works of European Gothic .

History and architecture

The Gothic Sint-Rombouts-Kirche, a replacement for a Romanesque predecessor building, was built as a monumental shrine for the relics of the city's saint, as a city and market church to represent the bourgeois self-confidence and as a collegiate church for the associated collegiate monastery. It is an east - facing three-aisled basilica on a cross plan.

In the first construction phase from around 1200 to 1320, the transept , the main aisles and the two side aisles of the nave and then the first three yokes of the choir were built in the early Gothic style. The consecration was celebrated on April 28, 1312.

After the great city fire of 1342, which also damaged the Rombout Church, the central nave was raised and equipped with a triforium in the high Gothic period from around 1365 to 1451 . The choir received its apse and a wreath of seven chapels. The Picardian builder Jan van Osy brought in forms of French cathedral Gothic . The vaulting of the central nave followed in 1437 and the choir in 1451.

In 1451, Pope Nicholas V suspended an indulgence for visiting St. Rombouts Church . As a result, the flow of pilgrims swelled and construction activity received a new boost.

In the third construction phase, from 1452 to 1520, three chapels were added to the north aisle; the largest of them extends over three yokes. Above all, the mighty tower was given its shape during this time. A total height of 167 m was planned. However, only the base of the 70 m high octagonal peak was realized, which is visible above the surrounding balcony . The actual height is therefore 97.28 m.

In 1559, with the establishment of the Archdiocese of Mechelen, St. Rombout became cathedral.

The baroque side portals date from 1626.

The altars, tombs and paintings inside the cathedral are predominantly works of the 17th century by important masters such as Lucas Faydherbe , Abraham Janssens van Nuyssen , Gaspar de Crayer , Michiel Coxcie and Anthonis van Dyck .


In the tower hangs a mighty chime of six bells , which is one of the largest in Belgium. The cathedral's large carillon is famous . It consists of 49 bells that were cast by the Hemony brothers and also serves as a "training carillon" for the renowned Koninklijke Beiaardschool (Royal Carillon School) in Mechelen. The Belgian Carillonneur (Dutch: beiaardier ) Jef Denyn founded it in 1922.

Casting year
Foundry, casting location
( HT - 1 / 16 )
1 Salvator 1844 Andreas Lodewijk van Aerschodt, Leuven 2,351 7,924 ges 0 −2
2 Karel 1696 Melchior de Haze, Antwerp 1,920 4,218 as 0 −4
3 Rumoldus 1860 Severinus Lodewijk van Aerschodt, Leuven 1,873 4,232 b 0 −5
4th Sint-Jan-Berchmans 1947 Klokkengieterij Marcel Michiels, Tournai 1,592 2,448 c 1 −12
5 Magdalena 1697 Melchior de Haze, Antwerp 1,468 1,973 of the 1 −2
6th Libertus (Poortklok) 1766 Andreas van den Gheyn, Leuven 1,370 1,537 d 1 −7


Main organ

There are two organs in the cathedral .

The main organ on the west gallery was built in 1957 by the organ builder Stevens.

Hauptwerk C–
Prestant 16
Bourdon 16
Prestant 08th
Flûte harmonique 08th
Holpijp 08th
Gemshoorn 08th
Kwint 05 13
Oktaaf 04th
Gemshoorn 04th
Koppelfluit 04th
Kwint 02 23
Oktaaf 02
Veldfluit 02
Mixture VI-VIII
Scherp IV-V
Cornet V
Trumpet 16
Trumpet 08th
Trumpet 04th
Swell C–
Covered 16
Prestant 08th
Holpijp 08th
Spitsgamba 08th
Voix céleste 08th
Oktaaf 04th
Open fluit 04th
Nasard 02 23
Zwegel 02
Woudfluit 02
Terts 01 35
Sifflet 01
Mixture IV-V
Cimbel II-III
Bombard 16
Trumpet 08th
Hobo 08th
Vox humana 08th
Head trumpet 04th
Positive C–
Kwintadeen 16
Prestant 08th
Spitsfluit 08th
Night horn 08th
Oktaaf 04th
Blockfluit 04th
Oktaafken 02
Night horn 02
Spitskwint 01 13
Mixture IV-V
Tertscimbel III-IV
Sesquialtera III
Dulciaan 16
Kromhorn 08th
Trumpet Regaal 04th
Kronwerk C–
Roerfluit 08th
Kwintadeen 08th
Zing. Principaal 04th
Night horn 04th
Zwitserspijp 02
Blokfluit 02
Larigot 01 13
Acuta IV-V
Sesquialtera II
Tendrils 16
shawm 08th
Pedal C–
Principaalbas 32
Subbas 32
Principaalbas 16
Prestant 16
Subbas 16
Oktaafbas 08th
Prestant 08th
Gedekt 08th
Koraalbas 04th
Open fluit 04th
Oktaaf 02
Night horn 01
Ruispijp III-IV
Mixture V
Bazuin 32
Bazuin 16
Trumpet 08th
shawm 04th
Zing. Cornet 02

In the side gallery there is a smaller instrument that was built in 1919 by the organ builder Stevens. This instrument has 30  stops on two manuals and a pedal .

I main work C–
1. Bourdon 16 ′
2. Montre 8th'
3. Bourdon Harmonique 8th'
4th Gamba 8th'
5. Prestant 4 ′
6th Octave 2 ′
7th Mixture II
8th. Scharff II
9. Cornet V 8th'
10. Reed 8th'
II Swell C–
11. Flûte Harmonique 8th'
12. Bourdon 8th'
13. Salicional 8th'
14th Voix céleste 8th'
15th Principal 4 ′
16. Flute 4 ′
17th Fifth 2 23
18th Forest flute 2 ′
19th Flageolet 2 ′
20th mixture
21st Trumpets 8th'
Pedals C–
22nd Prestant 16 ′
23. Soubasse 16 ′
24. Soft bass 16 ′
25th Octave 8th'
26th Bass 8th'
27. Choral bass 4 ′
28. Reed 16 ′
29 Reed 8th'
30th Reed 4 ′

Web links

Commons : Mechlin Cathedral  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Video recording of the ringing including data listing
  2. Wim Alings: Kentekens in stad en land . Nefkens, Utrecht 1978, pp. 38-39.
  3. Information on disposition
  4. Information on the organ

Coordinates: 51 ° 1 ′ 43.8 "  N , 4 ° 28 ′ 45.4"  E