Cavalry school of the Reichswehr

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GermanyGermany Cavalry School
Building of the cavalry school in Hanover around 1896, at that time still the Hanover Military Riding Institute

Building of the cavalry school in Hanover around 1896,
at that time still the Hanover Military Riding Institute

country German Reich ( Weimar Republic and Nazi regime )
Reuse Equestrian Club Hanover
local community Hanover
Coordinates : 52 ° 24 '  N , 9 ° 44'  E Coordinates: 52 ° 23 '39 "  N , 9 ° 44' 19"  E
Cavalry School (Lower Saxony)
Cavalry School

Location of the cavalry school in Lower Saxony

The cavalry school in Hanover was established in 1920 as a successor to the Prussian Military Riding Institute in Hanover and served cavalry training. Just as legendary as its predecessor, it achieved a reputation for sporting and military riding.


The cavalry school was founded on January 1, 1920 as the successor to the Military Riding Institute, which was in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles after the First World War . It had its headquarters in the large barracks and stables of the previous facility in the Vahrenwald, which has now been incorporated . There were also two other locations in the barracks on Möckernstrasse and in one of the barracks on Welfenplatz . The school was a teaching and training institute for the cavalry, which was founded by the Reichswehr and later became part of the Wehrmacht . One of their tasks was to train officers' horses, which were then handed over to the troops. She also trained ensigns in weapons technology who were about to be promoted to officers . The trained riders acted as role models in the troops, to which the annual courses for staff officers and Rittmeister also contributed.

Plan of the barracks
Vahrenwalder Park on the site of the former cavalry school in Hanover

Numerous excellent riders were trained in the cavalry school. Among other things, Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg attended the cavalry school until 1929. Stauffenberg was transferred there again on September 1, 1934 as a ready officer. In the military field, the school achieved the importance of its predecessor in the form of the Hanover Military Riding Institute. The German riding lessons practiced in the cavalry school were trend-setting at home and abroad and still affect rider training in riding clubs and riding schools.

The school maintained good hunting equestrian relationships with noble houses such as the Schaumburg-Lippe house in Bückeburg , the princely Münster house in Derneburg and with the barons of Cramm in Brüggen and Count Görtz in Brunkensen . The cavalry school was among a crowd , with the drag hunts in the Vahrenwalder Heide and Isernhägener Feldmark were conducted. The pack of dogs was housed outside the barracks in the hunting stables. The buildings were taken over by the Hanover Riding Club in 1946. A riding arena was later built there and in 1958 it became the equestrian stadium with the tournament area that was inaugurated in 1964.

After an OKH decision in 1935, the cavalry riding school was replaced by the Krampnitz cavalry and armored troop school ( Army Riding School ) in Potsdam-Krampnitz . The reason for the move to Krampnitz in 1939 was also that the city of Hanover with its industrial plants and residential areas was constantly expanding and the space for cavalry was increasingly narrowing.


Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski Gimpel (left) and Peter Jensen His Ex (Denmark), winners of dressage, riding and driving competitions in the Deutschlandhalle, February 2, 1936

In the sporting field, the cavalry school gained a good reputation for dressage riding . She organized horse shows herself . Members of the school also took part in horse races at the Große Bult racecourse in Hanover. The Olympic successes made the cavalry school world famous. Their horses, mostly Hanoverians , Holsteiners and Trakehners , had the reputation of being among the best competition and soldier horses .

The first gold medals were won by riders from the cavalry school at the 1928 Olympics in Amsterdam . Carl-Friedrich von Langen won the individual gold medal in dressage with Daredevil . Together with Hermann Linkenbach on Gimpel and Eugen von Lotzbeck on Caracalla , he also won the team gold medal. Bruno Neumann auf Ilja won the bronze medal in eventing in 1928.

At the Olympic Games in Berlin in 1936 , riders of the school won all six possible gold medals in the riding competitions . In dressage, the cavalry school instructor Heinz Pollay on Kronos and Friedrich Gerhard on absinthe placed first and second in the individual competition . Together with Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski on Gimpel , they also won the team gold medal in dressage. In hunting jumping , Kurt Hasse won the individual gold medal on Tora and together with the cavalry school rider Heinz Brandt on the alchemist and Marten von Barnekow on Nordland the team gold medal. Hasse was a member of the cavalry school from 1930 to 1936. Barnekow won the German Jumping Derby in Hamburg-Klein Flottbek in 1929 on Derby and in 1932 on General . In the versatility , Ludwig Stubbendorff , who was trained in Hanover, was first on Nurmi . Together with Rudolf Lippert auf Fasan and Konrad von Wangenheim auf Kurfürst , the German team won the gold medal in eventing. Wangenheim fell during the cross-country ride and broke his collarbone. Injured, with his arm in the sling, he started jumping the following day, which he finished in time despite another fall from rider and horse and thus secured the German team gold medal.

Of the nine German riders who won a gold medal in 1936 , Hasse , Stubbendorff and Lippert fell in World War II . Brandt died in the assassination attempt on July 20, 1944 . Wangenheim died in 1953 as a Soviet prisoner of war . The show jumping rider von Barnekow and the dressage team, consisting of Pollay , Gerhard and von Oppeln , survived the war.


Classically oriented riders still refer to the training principles that were taught at the cavalry school in Hanover. These principles are summarized in the army service regulation called H.Dv.12 from 1937. It is also abbreviated to HDV 12/37. The H.Dv.12 is often quoted in current controversies to criticize undesirable developments such as the Rollkur in equestrian sport.


Rank Surname date
Major general Paul Seiffert 0October 1, 1919 to September 30, 1921
Colonel / Major General Hugo von Kayser 0October 1, 1921 to December 31, 1924
Colonel Philipp von Seefried on Buttenheim 0January 1, 1925 to September 30, 1926
Major general Arnold Preusser 0October 1, 1926 to September 30, 1931
Lieutenant General Franz Maria von Dalwigk zu Lichtenfels 0October 1, 1931 to March 31, 1937
Major general Erich Volk 0April 1, 1937 to November 9, 1938
Colonel Cord from Bülow November 10, 1938 to October 23, 1939


  • Carl Fr. Mossdorf: Cavalry School Hanover. Fn-Verlag, Third Edition, 1989, ISBN 978-3885421689 .
  • Medical authority of the Royal Prussian War Ministry (Hrsg.): Description of the Hanover garrison from the standpoint of the health system. Berlin 1896.
  • Helmut Knocke : Cavalry School. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 343.

Individual evidence

  1. Ranking list of the German Reichsheer as of May 1, 1932, Mittler & Sohn, Berlin
  2. Cf. Remer, Otto Ernst , Conspiracy and Verrat um Hitler - Judgment of the Front Soldier, 5th edition, Bad Kissingen: Remer-Heipke 1993, ISBN 3-87725-102-1 , p. 67.
  3. ^ History RV Isernhagen  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  4. ^ Konrad Freiherr Von Wangenheim: The Arm In The Sling Gold Medalist
  5. ^ Unter Zwang, April 9, 2012
  6. Dermot Bradley (ed.), Günter Wegner: Occupation of the German Army 1815-1939. Volume 1: The higher command posts 1815–1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1990, ISBN 3-7648-1780-1 , p. 775.
  7. ^ Dermot Bradley: The Generals of the Army 1921-1945. Part IV, Volume 3: Dahlmann – Fitzlaff. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1994, ISBN 3-7648-2443-3 , p. 8.