Running dog

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pack hunt with English Foxhounds
(FCI 159)

Hound is the name of a hunting dog that pursues game over long distances. Hounds have a good sense of smell and can follow a track . They were used, among other things, in parforce hunts and drag hunts , which is why the term parforce dog was also used synonymously. Hounds are usually used as a pack : as a group of dogs that hunt together. In Georg Ludwig Hartig's textbook for hunters and those who want to become one (1812) it says:

"Parforce dogs are used to chase a deer, a sow or any other piece of game in numerous companies called packs until it is so exhausted that you can shoot it to death in front of the dogs or catch it."

As early as the 9th century, hunting dog breeds were differentiated for different uses. Among them were medium meutejagende running dogs of the big hounds were distinguished.

Bracken are very similar to the hounds and are often counted among them.


The term running dog is still used in the systematics of dog breeds today. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale lists him in their classification of hounds in group 6 , section 1, whereby these breeds are again divided into three subsections according to size.

Section 1.1: Large hounds

Grand Anglo-Français blanc et noir (FCI 323)

Section 1.2: Medium-sized hounds

Griffon bleu de Gascogne (FCI 31)
Franz Rudolf Frisching in the uniform of a colonel of the Bernese hunters with his Bernese hound , painted by Jean Preudhomme , 1785

Section 1.3: Small hounds

Basset Fauve de Bretagne (FCI 36)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Carl Adam Heinrich von Bose, Friedrich Gottlob Leonhardi: New general practical dictionary of forest and hunting science together with fishing . tape 2 . Hinrichs, Leipzig 1810, p. 79 ( online ).
  2. Georg Ludwig Hartig: Textbook for hunters and who want to be . tape 2 . Cotta, Tübingen 1812, p. 128 ( online ).
  3. Erik Zimen: The dog. Descent - Behavior - Man and Dog . 5th edition. Goldmann, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-442-12397-6 , pp. 169 .


  • Hans-Joachim Swarovsky: BI-Lexicon dog breeds . 2nd Edition. VEB Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1985.
  • Erik Zimen : The dog. Descent - Behavior - Man and Dog . 5th edition. Goldmann, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-442-12397-6 .