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City of Wilsdruff
Former municipal coat of arms of Kleinopitz
Coordinates: 51 ° 0 ′ 23 "  N , 13 ° 35 ′ 38"  E
Height : 320 m
Residents : 500
Incorporation : 1st January 1973
Incorporated into: Braunsdorf
Postal code : 01737
Area code : 035203
Location of Kleinopitz in Wilsdruff

Kleinopitz is a district of the Saxon town of Wilsdruff with around 500 inhabitants.


View of Kleinopitz from the former landfill
Kleinopitz manor
Corridor boundary stone from 1893 with a view of the manor
Kleinopitz youth and community center on Saalhausener Strasse

The village is located about 6.5 km southeast of the town center of Wilsdruff and four kilometers west of the city of Freital in the hilly Erzgebirge foothills at an altitude of 300 m above sea ​​level . The Opitzberg (366.1 m) rises southeast of the village. In the east lies the valley of the Quänebach , to the southwest that of the Großopitzbach . The Kleinopitzbach rises to the northwest of Kleinopitz.


The manor and the place were created in the course of settlement on behalf of the Margraves of Meißen by the administrator of Tharandt Castle , Boriwo de Tarant , from 1215 or the existing Slavic settlement was Germanized during this time. The first mention of the originally Slavic settlement - under the name Apacz - can be found in the loan book of Friedrich des Strengen from 1349/50.

The Vorwerk west of the village has been traceable since 1606 and was only designated as a manor from 1875 . The rule exercised inheritance and higher jurisdiction. The manor was in old script. In the 16th century, the manor was owned by Alexander von Alnpeck , then the brothers Merten and Antonius von Schilling . After their childless death, it was taken over by the Vogel family in 1586. The Alnpeck, Schilling and Vogel were each Freiberg families, which underlines the close relationship of the manor, to which Niederhermsdorf and Halsbach also belonged in the 16th century . On October 1, 1662, Elector Johann Georg II enfeoffed the Dresden fortress captain George Götze hereditary with the manor. In the 18th century it belonged to Johann Georg von Ponickau . It then passed into the possession of the von Körbitz family, who owned it until the 19th century. In 1832 the manor was handed over to the buyer Friedrich Wilhelm Schäffer . Around 1860 Curt von Seydewitz was entrusted with it. Konrad Böhme was one of the last owners at the beginning of the 20th century before the expropriation .

Around 1550, the owners of the manor, which has shaped Kleinopitz's history for centuries and was expropriated in 1945, called Franconian settlers to the village, the district of Schletta was created on the corridor border to Großopitz . However, this name has not officially been used since June 28, 1876.

In 1378 Kleinopitz was part of the Dresden castrum . In 1696 it was in the district of the Dresden office and in 1843 in the area of ​​responsibility of the Grillenburg office . Since 1856 it was under the Tharandt court office and from 1875 under the Dresden administrative authority . After the Second World War it came to the Freital district in the Dresden district . The place was incorporated into the municipality of Braunsdorf on January 1, 1973. On March 1, 1994 Braunsdorf came to Kesselsdorf , which in turn was incorporated into Wilsdruff on August 1, 2001.

In 1824 the first school was built on Mittelstrasse. A second building was erected in 1840 on Tharandter Strasse and a third in 1905 on Schulstrasse. However, from September 1, 1960, the place no longer had full academic independence.

To commemorate the victims of the First World War , a memorial was inaugurated in 1926, which was renewed and, on November 15, 2009, another monument for the fallen and missing of the Second World War was added. The memorial is located on the corner of Schulstrasse and Mittelstrasse.

In 1944, accommodation for prisoners of war was built in the village, which is now the cultural center on Saalhausener Straße. Since 2006, a "youth and community center Kleinopitz" (JGH) obtained by the existing club Saxon Heimatfreunde Kleinopitz the National Association of Homeland Security e. V. is operated and used together with the Kleinopitz youth club .


Regular events

  • “Culture Monday” on the third Monday of the month in the JGH
  • Senior community Kleinopitz on the last Wednesday of the month at DREBAU
  • Easter dance on Holy Saturday in the Kulturhaus
  • Village festival in summer
  • Light tree festival on the Saturday before the 1st Advent
  • changing special exhibitions in the private local history museum


  • George Götz (* 1607 in Lüneburg ; † December 19, 1676 in Kleinopitz near Tharandt ), colonel , fortress commander in Dresden and owner of the Kleinopitz manor
  • Hermann Reich (born January 16, 1886 in Kleinopitz, † April 7, 1955 in Berlin ), socialist politician and resistance fighter against National Socialism

Individual evidence

  1. Sächsisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Dresden, inventory 10314, Kleinopitz estate, 1646–1933.
  2. Sächsisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Dresden, inventory 10314, Kleinopitz estate, 1646–1933.
  3. a b Municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1st, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office.
  4. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2001.


  • Herbert Schönebaum: Manor and village of Kleinopitz near Tharandt until the beginning of the 19th century. An example of a local history. Leipzig / Berlin 1917.
  • Werner Kerndt: Chronicle of Kleinopitz. Kleinopitz 1999.
  • Hermann Clausnitzer: Borders, between land reform and market economy. 2nd ext. Edition. edition winterwork, 2009, ISBN 978-3-942150-06-4 , (autobiography and agricultural history of Saxony 1945– approx. 2005)
  • Hermann Clausnitzer: A review of Grumbach's village chronicles. Self-published, 2003.
  • Lars-Arne Dannenberg , Vincenz Kaiser: Wilsdruff in the High Middle Ages. Considerations for the settlement of the Wilsdruffer Land and the development of the city with special consideration of the Jakobikirche. (= New archive for Saxon history. 80th volume). Verlagdruckerei Schmidt, 2009, ISBN 978-3-87707-769-6 .

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