State Broadcasting House Lower Saxony

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Main entrance to the administrative building of the Lower Saxony State Broadcasting House

The Landesfunkhaus Niedersachsen in Hanover , initially also called Funkhaus Hannover , is an ensemble of broadcasting buildings for the North German Broadcasting Corporation (NDR) in the state of Lower Saxony . The extensive building group on the Maschsee at the address Rudolf-von-Bennigsen-Ufer 22 in the southern part of the city was the first major public building in the Lower Saxony state capital after the Second World War . Today it consists of the four main parts of the administration building with the main entrance on the Maschsee, the so-called small broadcasting hall , behind and to the right of it the dominant mass of the large broadcasting hall and the elegant and unstable-looking concrete needle of the antenna tower. The foyer and the small broadcasting hall are said to be among the “most beautiful spatial creations of the 1950s in the Federal Republic of Germany ”.

Building description

The large broadcasting hall , completed in 1963 , including the foyer, in the background the 46.21 meter high concrete needle of the
antenna tower, built in 1969
Concert in the large broadcasting hall , 2019
View into the foyer , above the large broadcasting hall

The Funkhaus Hannover was built from 1949 to 1952 as a three-aisled assembly, in the middle of which individual studio buildings, separated by courtyards, were built according to the concept of a "radio factory ": Its parts should be able to be replaced individually if necessary. The architects of the building group with the broadcasting hall, studios and administration rooms were Friedrich Wilhelm Kraemer , Gerd Lichtenhahn and Dieter Oesterlen .

The three-storey administration building facing the Maschsee is a calm perforated facade with light yellow ceramic tiles . Its right side is irregularly emphasized by the main entrance and the attachment on the roof. A light foyer with a glass wall leads to the jewelry courtyard, in which the plastic bathers created in 1951 by the sculptor Kurt Lehmann are installed.

The cloakroom as well as the small broadcasting hall are clad with wooden sticks, sometimes with colored waves, which Friedrich Wilhelm Kraemer described as an "architecture of frozen music".

The large broadcasting hall is a white block on a hexagonal floor plan, intended as a " bass violin ", which apparently rests on the glass foyer in a moveable manner.

Laves price

In 1954 the Funkhaus Hannover was awarded the Laves Prize . In the jury's verdict:

"The task of erecting a purpose-built building on the shores of the Maschsee was accomplished with masterful ease and emphasizing the studio character of the facility."

- Georg Barke , Wilhelm Hatopp : New building in Hanover: building owners, architects, building trade, construction industry report on planning and execution of the construction years 1948 to 1954


As early as 1924, during the Weimar Republic , the first radio broadcasts were broadcast from the NORAG secondary station Hanover from a Hanomag factory building in Hanover .

After the Nordische Rundfunk AG (NORAG), based in Hamburg, came into the hands of the British occupying forces at the beginning of May 1945 , a new Hanover broadcasting office was set up in the Anzeiger high-rise in 1946 . The first concerts were then broadcast from the buildings of the college of education .

On February 1, 1948, the North West German Broadcasting Corporation (NWDR) , which had now been founded, began broadcasting regularly from Hanover. From March 1st of the year concerts of the Lower Saxony Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Wilhelm Stephan were broadcast for the first time , as well as the broadcast series Funkbilder from Lower Saxony, newly founded on the occasion of the second export fair . Other series produced in Hanover soon followed, such as Landfunk .

At the end of 1948, planning began for an independent broadcasting company in Hanover, an expression of the cultural sovereignty of the newly founded state of Lower Saxony. The location for the buildings to be erected was enforced by the then Hanover city planning officer Rudolf Hillebrecht , who wanted to provide an authoritative model for the future loosened bank development to be built on the Maschsee. After an architecture competition , the submitted designs by architects Friedrich Wilhelm Kraemer , Gerd Lichtenhahn and Dieter Oesterlen merged under the leadership of Kraemer. Together they were based on the concept of a counter-image to the architecture of the Third Reich . At the same time, the designs turned away from the radical modernity of New Building .

In the meantime, Franz B. Zons became the first director of the Hanover radio house in 1949, while the new building complex was just being built. Also in 1949, the NWDR transmitters became independent and the broadcasting fees for payment to the Deutsche Bundespost were introduced.

In 1950, the year the Association of Public Broadcasters of the Federal Republic of Germany (ARD) was founded, the Hanover radio house was completed, which was inaugurated with its technical innovations on January 20, 1951 and was immediately considered the most modern radio house in Europe .

Also from 1952 onwards, the Funkhaus Hannover broadcast the Young Artists Concerts , which Margarethe Gehrig had initiated in 1949.

In 1954 the editorial offices of the programs Kulturelles Wort and Kirchenwort were relocated from Hamburg to Hanover.

After the division of NWDR 1955 in the NDR with headquarters in Hamburg and the West German Radio (WDR), headquartered in Cologne sent by international treaty of the NDR to January 1, 1956 set up as a three-nation institution with Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony. But it wasn't until the beginning of 1958 that the editorial office was set up in the Funkhaus Hannover.

In the years from 1960 to 1963, the extension of the large broadcasting hall was built according to plans by the architect Dieter Oesterlen, which was then ceremoniously inaugurated and became the venue for the radio orchestra, which has since been expanded to become the NDR Radiophilharmonie . From 1964 onwards, the large broadcasting hall was also used for the performance of the so-called “subscription concerts”.

After Schleswig-Holstein had terminated the State Treaty in 1978 and - after legal disputes - a new State Treaty had been concluded on January 1, 1981, the Hanover Radio House was given its new name, Landesfunkhaus Niedersachsen .

According to the former President of the Lower Saxony State Office for Monument Preservation , Stefan Winghart , the State Broadcasting House was placed under monument protection in 1989 .

Personalities (incomplete)

Heads and Directors

Heads or directors of the NORAG secondary station Hanover, from 1948 of the Funkhaus Hanover and from 1981 of the Landesfunkhaus Niedersachsen were or are

Other personalities

See also


Web links

Commons : Landesfunkhaus Niedersachsen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. In contrast, the subtitling of the photo names 1952 as the year the broadcasting house opened

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h i j Helmut Knocke , Hugo Thielen: Rud.-v.-Bennigsen-Ufer 22. In: Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek (ed.): Hannover. Kunst- und Kultur-Lexikon (HKuKL), new edition, 4th, updated and expanded edition, Springe: zu Klampen, 2007, ISBN 978-3-934920-53-8 , p. 191
  2. a b c d e f g h i j k l Hugo Thielen: Norddeutscher Rundfunk. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 480f.
  3. a b Georg Barke , Wilhelm Hatopp ( arrangement ): Funkhaus Hannover , in this: New building in Hanover: Builders, architects, building trade, construction industry report on planning and execution of the construction years 1948 to 1954 (= monographs of the building industry , volume 23 ), Vol. 1, ed. from the press office of the capital Hanover in cooperation with the municipal building management, Stuttgart: Aweg Verlag Max Kurz, 1955, p. 84ff.
  4. a b commented photography ( Memento of the original from July 25, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the page of the Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung (undated), last accessed on July 25, 2016 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. Printed matter No. 2595/2010 ... of the state capital Hanover of December 17, 2010 on the page , last accessed on July 25, 2016
  6. Niels Rasmussen (responsible): Deputy Artistic Director and Director of the Lower Saxony State Broadcasting Company / Dr. Arno Beyer on , last accessed on July 25, 2016
  7. a b c d Compare the information in Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon , passim ; Preview over google books
  8. Frank Stadthoewer, Edith Stier-Thompson (responsible): NDR Norddeutscher Rundfunk / NDR Board of Directors proposes Jobst Plog again for election as artistic director on the page on June 14, 2002, last accessed on July 24, 2016
  9. ^ Editor of ARD publications: NDR-Personalalien , as a PDF document in the version of July 1, 2016, last accessed on July 25, 2016

Coordinates: 52 ° 21 ′ 38.5 "  N , 9 ° 44 ′ 30.3"  E