|Free community consortium||Ragusa (RG)|
|Residents||54,089 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||186 inhabitants / km²|
|Factions||Modica Alta, Modica Bassa, Modica Sorda, Marina di Modica|
|Patron saint||San Giorgio|
Modica is a town and municipality in the southeast of Sicily and is part of the Ragusa Free Community Consortium in Italy with 54,089 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). It is one of the late baroque cities of the Val di Noto that has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
An important branch of the economy is agriculture with the cultivation of olives, carob trees and grain. Vegetables are grown on a large scale in greenhouses. In addition, animal husbandry (Modica cattle), dairy farming and the production of chocolate from Modica have gained importance. Tourism has also been strongly promoted for a number of years, in particular through historical events and the distribution of typical specialties such as chocolate and chocolate liqueur, which are also marketed nationwide due to the high demand.
The city was founded by the Sicilians under the name Motyka and was inhabited by Greeks and Romans in later times, but hardly any notable traces of their presence have survived . The Arabs conquered the city in 845 and named it Mohac. In the 11th century the Normans , led by Roger I , took over the city.
Like other towns in the Val di Noto, Modica was destroyed by the severe earthquake of January 9, 1693, which killed 60,000 people in Sicily. Rebuilt in the Sicilian Baroque style, Modica is today a quiet regional center with one of the most beautiful cityscapes in the Sicilian Baroque style despite two floods in 1833 and 1902.
- Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie from 1615, the construction remained unfinished
- Church of San Pietro from the 18th century with a staircase with figures of the twelve apostles
- Church of San Giorgio from the 12th century, rebuilt in the 17th century by Rosario Gagliardi , it is at the end of a staircase with 250 steps
- Salvatore Quasimodo's birth house
- Giovan Pietro Grimaldi (1860–1918), physicist and academic
- Clemente Grimaldi (1862–1915), agronomist, botanist and politician
- Salvatore Quasimodo (1901–1968), poet and critic, winner of the 1959 Nobel Prize for Literature
- Jorge Scarso (1916–2015), Catholic religious, Bishop of Patos de Minas in Brazil
- Anna Finocchiaro (* 1955), politician and senator
- Aurelio Grimaldi (* 1957), director and writer
- Rosario Gisana (* 1959), Catholic clergyman, Bishop of Piazza Armerina
- Valeria Solarino (born 1978), actress
- Giorgio Avola (* 1989), foil fencer
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.