Museum of Saxon Folk Art
In the Jägerhof in the interior of Neustadt of Dresden that's Museum housed.
Local art museum
|opening||September 8, 1913|
The museum shows around 27,000 art objects from different parts of the Free State, including the diverse Ore Mountains folk art as well as typical regional products from the Lusatia and Vogtland from the 18th century .
Towards the end of the 19th century, numerous associations in Europe reflected on the traditions of their folk culture and discovered the topic of folk art for themselves. At that time the idea arose to collect, preserve and document regional local artifacts. Oskar Seyffert (1862–1940), professor at the Royal School of Applied Arts , founded the Association for Saxon Folklore in 1897 , the aim of which was, among other things, to set up such a museum. The association collected the relevant material and exhibited it for a limited time in the palace in the Great Garden . Much of the rapidly growing stock was stored in the cellars of the arts and crafts school and the Japanese palace . Seyffert found permanent domicile in the Jägerhof . The building, erected in the Renaissance style from 1569 , served as barracks for the Saxon Army until 1877 and was threatened with demolition. Seyffert made a significant contribution to saving it by initiating an extensive renovation that was carried out between 1911 and 1913.
On September 8, 1913, the State Museum for Saxon Folk Art, with its then 8,000 pieces in the historical rooms of the Jägerhof, was opened to the public and Seyffert became its first director. On September 6th the house was in the presence of King Friedrich August III. has been solemnly inaugurated. It is one of the oldest museums of this type in the German-speaking area. In 1923, the Saxon Heritage Protection Association took over the museum. Between 1927 and 1949 the museum was run under the name Oskar-Seyffert-Museum and was therefore named after its creator during his lifetime, as it was considered his life's work. By 1944, the museum had collected around 30,000 works of art. During the Second World War , most of the art objects were stored in Weesenstein Castle from 1942 under Seyffert's successor Emil Lohse , so that no significant damage or loss occurred here. However, about 15 percent of the stocks were burned as a result of the air raids on Dresden in February 1945.
As early as Christmas 1945, the first exhibition with 10,600 items was able to open again in the temporarily secured rooms on the ground floor of the Jägerhof. Shortly after the end of the war, the objects returned to Dresden and were made accessible to visitors again.
When the civic and museum associations were dissolved in 1950 , the folk art museum became state property. The state of Saxony took over the museum as a state institution and arranged for the building, which was largely destroyed in the war, to be rebuilt. Wood sculptor Reinhold Langner became director in 1950 .
By 1952 it was the first of the destroyed Dresden museums to be reopened and completely restored by 1954. In 1952, the Puppet Theater Collection was incorporated into the Museum of Folk Art as a state research center. In 1957 Manfred Bachmann became director of the museum, from 1968 to 2004 Johannes Just . Igor Jenzen has been director of the museum since the end of 2004.
The museum has been part of the Dresden State Art Collections since 1968 . With the move of the puppet theater collection from the Hohenhaus in Radebeul to the Jägerhof in 2005, both collections are united under one roof.
The permanent exhibition extends over several floors and shows, in addition to rural folk art, which has declined sharply in the age of industrialization , also those products of local art that are still produced today, such as carving and lacework from the Ore Mountains .
Among other things, artistically painted cupboards, beds and chests, turned and woven wooden goods and decorated ceramic dishes as well as pewter utensils , blacksmithing and glassblowing products are presented . Typical pieces for special regions are Plauen lace , Seiffen toys , Lusatian weaving mills and blueprints . There are also costumes of the Sorbs and Upper Saxons .
- Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Hrsg.): Toys from the collection of the Museum for Saxon Folk Art. Selection from the toy book by Oskar Seyffert and Walter Trier from 1922. , Dresden 2003.
- Johannes Just: Museum for Saxon Folk Art. History - collection - exhibition. 2nd edition, Dresden 2002.
- Johannes Just: The founding of the Museum for Saxon Folk Art 100 years ago. In: Messages of the Landesverein Sächsischer Heimatschutz e. V., volume 3, Dresden 1997.
- Beschorner: "Mitteilungen des Verein für Sächs. Volkskunde", at least 8 volumes, no year
- Communications from the Association for Saxon Folklore , Vol. 6, Book 3, pp. 75–76, Dresden 1913
- Frank Andert (editor): Stadtlexikon Radebeul. Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Ed .: Large district town of Radebeul. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 978-3-938460-05-4 , p. 118 .
- History of the collection of the Museum of Saxon Folk Art ( Memento from May 3, 2017 in the Internet Archive )