Oberwil BL

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
BL is the abbreviation for the canton of Basel-Landschaft in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries in the name Oberwilf .
Coat of arms of Oberwil
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton of Basel-CountryCanton of Basel-Country Basel-Country (BL)
District : Arlesheim
BFS no. : 2771i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 4104
Coordinates : 608740  /  262 536 coordinates: 47 ° 30 '49 "  N , 7 ° 33' 17"  O ; CH1903:  608740  /  two hundred and sixty-two thousand five hundred and thirty-six
Height : 305  m above sea level M.
Height range : 290-425 m above sea level M.
Area : 7.89  km²
Residents: i11,138 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 1412 inhabitants per km²
Website: www.oberwil.ch


Location of the municipality
Deutschland Deutschland Frankreich Kanton Aargau Kanton Basel-Stadt Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Bezirk Laufen Bezirk Liestal Aesch BL Allschwil Arlesheim Biel-Benken Binningen Birsfelden Bottmingen Ettingen Münchenstein Muttenz Oberwil BL Pfeffingen BL Reinach BL Schönenbuch TherwilMap of Oberwil
About this picture

Oberwil (often written in full to differentiate between Oberwil / BL and Oberwil (BL) ) is a political municipality in the Arlesheim district of the canton of Basel-Landschaft in Switzerland .


Hauptstrasse Oberwil, winter 2006

Oberwil is 5 km from Basel at 316  m above sea level. M. in the Leimental on the eastern slope of the Bielhübels with foothills on the western slope of the Bruderholz . Its neighboring villages are Biel-Benken and the French Neuwiller in the west, Therwil in the south, Reinach in the southeast, Bottmingen and Binningen in the north, Allschwil in the northwest. The area of ​​the municipality is 788 hectares, of which 45% is agricultural area, 20% forest, 34% settlement area and 1% unproductive area.


Historical aerial photo from 1000 m by Walter Mittelholzer from 1929

Remains from the Bronze , Iron and Roman times as well as early medieval pottery kilns were found in the municipality of Oberwil . About 1100 people first heard of Obervvilre . The area belonged to the Bishop of Basel from the Middle Ages , but in the meantime the village, like many other Baselbiet villages, committed itself to the Reformation from 1529 to 1585, but was always in the jurisdiction of the Prince-Bishop of Basel. Bishop Jakob Christoph Blarer von Wartensee re-Catholicized his secular rule, with which all nine Birseck communities came back to the Roman Catholic faith.

After the fall of the Principality of Basel in 1792, Oberwil was also part of the Raurachian Republic for a short time and then became part of France during the Napoleonic period. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the Birseck was added to the Basel stand, while the remaining parts of the duchy (Laufental and Jura) came to the Bern stand.

In October 2005 the 10'000 population limit was reached. Oberwil is not officially a city because the municipality was against it.

coat of arms

Red background, in the middle a vertical, silver wave pole, which represents the Birsig. To the right of it a standing silver key with an "O" in the key handle and to the left a standing silver sword. These two symbols stand for the church patrons St. Peter and Paul.


Today 30% of the population are Roman Catholic and 29% are Reformed . The proportion of foreigners is 17.8%.


Hanspeter Ryser (SVP) has been the mayor since 2016

In the Swiss parliamentary elections 2019, the share of the vote in Oberwil was: FDP 22.6%, SVP 21.0%, SP 18.1%, Greens 16.6%, CVP 11.8%, glp 6.9%, EPP 1, 7%, BDP 1.2%.


With the opening of the narrow-gauge Birsigtalbahn in 1887, Oberwil received a rail connection. Today the route is on the same level as a light rail / metro and part of Basel tram line 10 , which runs all day every 7.5 minutes. During rush hour (morning and evening on weekdays and Saturday afternoon), tram line 17 also runs . In addition to the “Oberwil” stop in the center of the village, there are also “Stallen” stops in a residential area and “Hüslimatt” in the commercial area; Baselland Transport AG (BLT) has the largest tram and bus depot there . The travel time from Oberwil to the city center of Basel takes around 15 minutes and to Basel SBB train station it takes 20 minutes. In addition to the tram, various bus routes also connect Oberwil with its neighboring communities in the Basel agglomeration.

Partner municipality

The partner municipality is Aschau in Tyrol ( Austria ). The motivation for the partnership goes back to logging and forest care, especially in the 1980s when a recurring workforce from Aschau came to work in Oberwil.

Gift from the community of Aschau
The Aschauer Brunnen at the Eisweiher playground in Oberwil. This was a gift from the municipality of Aschau in 1989 because the two towns were linked.


  • Catholic parish church of St. Peter and Paul with stone box graves from the early Middle Ages
  • Häring-Huus , a late Gothic "Sigrist house"
  • Late baroque rectory from 1783 with romantic murals in the study and “panoramas of the surroundings” from 1820
  • Sprützehüsli , first school house built in 1827 and later a fire station , which is now a cultural center for exhibitions and events
Catholic parish church St. Peter and Paul in Oberwil (BL)




  • Hans-Rudolf Heyer: The art monuments of the canton of Basel-Landschaft, Volume I: The Arlesheim district, with cantonal introduction. (= Art Monuments of Switzerland. Volume 57). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1969.
  • Pascal Ryf: Oberwil - then and now . Friedrich Reinhardt Verlag, Basel 2016, ISBN 978-3-7245-2156-3

Web links

Commons : Oberwil  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. ^ Federal Statistical Office : NR - Results parties (municipalities) (INT1). In: Federal Elections 2019 | opendata.swiss. August 8, 2019, accessed August 1, 2020 .
  3. ^ Oberwil Online: partner community. Retrieved November 3, 2019 .
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