|Canton :||Basel-Country (BL)|
|BFS no. :||2770|
|Postal code :||4132|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH COURAGE|
|Coordinates :||615558 / 263 577|
|Height :||291 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||253–645 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||16.65 km²|
|Residents:||17,809 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||1070 inhabitants per km²|
View from Wartenberg to Muttenz and towards Basel
|Location of the municipality|
Muttenz ( Basel German : Muttez [ ˈmʊtəts ˈmʊtəds ]) is a municipality in the Arlesheim district of the Swiss canton of Basel-Landschaft .
Muttenz lies east of the city of Basel , between the Rhine in the north, the Gempenplateau in the south and the Wartenberg with its ruins in the east. Muttenz is an industrial city (over 14,000 jobs) and shares the large industrial area Schweizerhalle with the communities of Birsfelden and Pratteln . The Basel-Muttenz marshalling yard , one of the largest in Europe, is also located here . The area of the municipality is 1664 hectares, of which 41% is forest, 41% settlement area, 16% agricultural area and 2% unproductive area.
Muttenz borders on the Basel landscape communities Arlesheim , Münchenstein , Birsfelden , Pratteln and Frenkendorf as well as the Solothurn community Gempen , the city of Basel and the German community Grenzach-Wyhlen . Muttenz is the only Swiss municipality that lies on a national border ( Germany ), a canton border ( Canton Solothurn ), a half- canton border ( Canton Basel-Stadt ), a district border ( Liestal district ) and municipality borders (Birsfelden, Münchenstein and Arlesheim) at the same time.
Muttenz is first attested in documents safely 1225/1226: In Mvttence vna scopoza [...] comparauit frater Gerungus "Brother Gerungus acquired in Muttenz a Schuppose ". The earlier documents in fine Methimise (794) and vicum qui Mittenha dicitur (1032) , often referring to Muttenz, appear only in much more recent copies, and their reference to Muttenz is speculative.
The place name can not be explained with certainty because of its tradition that only began in the High Middle Ages . The older derivation from the Latin mũtātiō "horse changing station" is excluded today. Another interpretation is based on an old European water name suffix * -antia , combined with an opened up old European * mud- (to the root * meu- “moist”) or an opened up old Germanic * mudra- “mud”; the name * Mudantia "muddy brook, silt brook" (for the village brook) would in this case have been transferred to the village on the brook. Further explanation options fail for various reasons, so that the name must be considered unclear.
Bronze Age relics were found on the Wartenberg and Iron Age graves in the Hard . Several Roman settlements were also found. The Alemanni came to the area of today's Muttenz in the 3rd century AD.
In the 8th century Muttenz belonged to the cathedral monastery of Strasbourg and the church built at that time was consecrated to the first Franconian bishop of Strasbourg, St. Arbogast . Around 1320 the Münch von Münchenstein became the new owner of Muttenz after torturing and hunting the residents. However, they had to pledge part of Muttenz to the city of Basel and in 1515 the village finally fell to the city of Basel. When the cantons separated in 1832/3, Muttenz moved to the half-canton of Basel-Landschaft.
coat of arms
Muttenz's coat of arms was designed in 1939. The reason for this was a state exhibition at which the communities were to be represented by the (new) coat of arms. The heraldic draftsman was Adolf Müller, who designed the lion Katharinas von Löwenberg (wife of Konrad Münch, who ruled Muttenz from 1324 to 1378). This red lion is turned heraldically to the right behind a red tower that represents the Middle Wartenberg ruins. To the right and left of it are two identical towers. The coat of arms was drawn on a white shield.
- Reformed fortified church St. Arbogast , the only completely preserved fortified church in Switzerland.
- Roman Catholic Church from 1966
- Farmhouse Museum, the Village Museum
- Muttenz local museum
- Castle ruins on the Wartenberg
- Freidorf , the most important housing estate in Switzerland from the period between the First and Second World War - designed by the later Bauhaus architect and urbanist Hannes Meyer .
The community received the Wakker Prize in 1983 for their successful efforts to preserve the historical building fabric in a highly industrialized environment .
39% of the population are Reformed and 27% Roman Catholic .
The proportion of foreigners is 17.5%.
In the 2019 Swiss parliamentary elections, the share of the vote in Muttenz was: SP 23.7%, SVP 22.9%, Greens 17.9%, FDP 15.3%, CVP 8.6%, EPP 5.4%, glp 6, 7%, BDP 1.1%.
Muttenz is a location of the University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland with the areas of architecture, construction and geomatics, life sciences, technology and education. There is also a cantonal grammar school with a technical secondary school , the higher technical school for information and communication technology and a commercial and industrial vocational school in Muttenz .
SV Muttenz : around 1000 members in the football division. The Muttenz sports club was founded on January 11, 1921 in the "Central" restaurant (later the community room) in Muttenz by 15 football fans. The Margelacker, the stadium where SV Muttenz is now at home, was completed in 1950 and inaugurated in front of over 2000 spectators. The first team of SV Muttenz made it into the first division in the 2004/05 season with coach Geri Portmann and moved in the upper quarter of the table. SV Muttenz had their best year in 1978, when they were group winners in the first division, but just missed promotion to the NLB (today: Challenge League) in the qualifying games. SV Muttenz has 22 teams, including 15 junior and 4 senior and veteran teams.
TV Muttenz : Largest gymnastics club in north-western Switzerland with around 1400 members. Annual organization of “Jazz uff em Platz” and the traditional “Egg picking set”. The sporting part is organized in 7 departments: gymnasts (including youths), floorball, volleyball, gymnasts, basketball, handball and athletics. The latter department was the organizer of the first Swiss Junior Championships and Espoir categories in 1996 and the organizer of the “Schnällscht Schwizer” on the main street in the village center in 1998, and in 2008 hosted the Swiss relay championships.
TTC Rio-Star Muttenz : National League A table tennis club and current Swiss champion.
- Arnold Meyer (born July 29, 1877 in Muttenz; † March 27, 1959 in Pratteln), architect and politician
- Mario Mascarin (born May 17, 1901 in Venice ; † June 19, 1966 in Muttenz), pioneer of stoneware, founding member of the Colonie libere italiane
- Hans-Rudolf Heyer: The art monuments of the canton of Basel-Country. Volume I: The Arlesheim district, with the introduction to the canton (= Art Monuments of Switzerland. Volume 57). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1969.
- Brigitta Strub: Muttenz. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . September 2, 2010 , accessed March 11, 2020 .
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ^ Material from the Linguistic Atlas of German-speaking Switzerland .
- ↑ Baselbieterlied & Muttenzerlied (Muttezer Lied) ; s Muttezer song .
- ↑ a b Baselbieter name book. Volume 3: The place and field names of the canton of Basel-Landschaft. Alresheim district. Edited and edited by Rebekka Schifferle, using the preliminary work of the Baselland research center for local and field name research. Verlag Basel-Landschaft, Liestal 2017 (sources and research on the history and regional studies of the canton of Basel-Landschaft. Vol. 99-3), ISBN 978-3-85673-294-3 , p. 26 f.
- ↑ Lexicon of Swiss municipality names . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Huber, Frauenfeld / Payot, Lausanne 2006, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 , p. 635.
- ↑ Art Guide Muttenz: Reformed Parish Church St. Arbogast ( Memento from April 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- ^ Federal Statistical Office : NR - Results parties (municipalities) (INT1). In: Federal Elections 2019 | opendata.swiss. August 8, 2019, accessed August 1, 2020 .
- ↑ Michèle Baeriswyl-Descloux: Mario Mascarin. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . October 23, 2007 , accessed March 11, 2020 .