Oscar Luigi Scalfaro

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Luigi Scalfaro

Oscar Luigi Scalfaro (born September 9, 1918 in Novara , Novara province , † January 29, 2012 in Rome ) was an Italian politician and member of the Democrazia Cristiana (DC). From 1992 to 1999 he was President of the Italian Republic .


Scalfaro studied law at the Catholic University of Milan and then worked as a judge. The practicing Catholic was active in Christian lay organizations from a young age and helped anti-fascists and their family members imprisoned during World War II .

In 1946 he was elected a member of the Constituent Assembly and then represented Piedmont in the Chamber of Deputies , the lower house of the Italian Parliament, until 1992 . In 1954 he became State Secretary for the first time in the Labor Ministry, later in the Transport and Education Ministry. From 1966 to 1968 he was Minister of Transport under Prime Minister Aldo Moro . After serving as Vice-President of the Chamber of Deputies from 1976 to 1983, he became Minister of the Interior in Bettino Craxi's cabinet in 1983 . When he resigned from his post as prime minister in 1987, Scalfaro was tasked with forming a new government, but failed.

After the parliamentary elections on April 5 and 6, 1992, he was elected President of the Chamber of Deputies. A month and a half later, on May 25, 1992, Scalfaro was elected President of the Republic in the 16th ballot with a majority of 672 votes . As such, he replaced his fellow party member Francesco Cossiga , who resigned on April 28, 1992, six weeks before the end of his regular term of office. During his tenure, President Scalfaro appealed to the population to form a new resistance movement ( Resistancea ) against organized crime . Scalfaro's term of office ended in 1999. He was succeeded by Carlo Azeglio Ciampi .

Scalfaro has been a member of the Italian Senate for life since 1999 .


As President, Scalfaro carried out the following official trips abroad:

He also visited the subject of the Sovereign Order of Malta based in Rome.

Web links

Commons : Oscar Luigi Scalfaro  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Oscar Luigi Scalfaro died at 93 . Focus Online. January 29, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2012.
  2. List of trips on archivio.quirinale.it