Port (movement of goods)

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In the Free State of the Three Leagues, a transport cooperative was referred to as a port (from Latin portare , 'to carry' ) . The ports took care of the movement of goods across the Graubünden Alpine passes .

Portes are documented for the first time in the 14th century . The classification was based on the then Court communities .


The following ports existed on the main traffic routes through Graubünden:

The carters of the city of Chur also formed an association. In contrast, there were no such corporations in the rest of the Grisons, for example in the Surselva or Davos .

Duties and history of the ports

In their respective territories, the cooperatives had a monopoly on all goods transport, with the exception of urgent goods and food. In the main places and on the boundaries of the areas of responsibility, there existed Susten , where the goods were unloaded and handed over to the carters of the subsequent port. The freight tariffs were fixed. Express goods were brought directly from Chur to Chiavenna or Bellinzona without reloading .

In keeping with the importance of the Upper and Lower Streets as long-distance routes , the ports there had considerable political influence and also took care of road construction and maintenance. In order to settle disputes, there was a separate port court on Unteren Strasse and the office of port director on Oberen Strasse . The ports were financed from the tolls levied on all transports , the road money and contributions from members.

After the founding of the Canton of Graubünden in 1808, the attempt to introduce a new transit order failed due to the resistance of the Porten, who feared for their privileges and income. From 1818 the canton had the new roads built over Splügen, San Bernardino and Julier and claimed the road money for their maintenance. With the transit regulations of 1834 , the ports were effectively abolished and a free market was created for the shipping industry.

See also