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Zuoz coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : canton of Grisonscanton of Grisons Graubünden (GR)
Region : Malojaw
BFS no. : 3791i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 7524
Coordinates : 793 239  /  164 077 coordinates: 46 ° 36 '0 "  N , 9 ° 57' 40"  O ; CH1903:  793 239  /  164077
Height : 1716  m above sea level M.
Height range : 1657–3414 m above sea level M.
Area : 65.78  km²
Residents: 1186 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 18 inhabitants per km²
Website: www.zuoz.ch


Location of the municipality
Albignasee Lej da Champfèr Lago Bianco Lago di Lei Lago di Gera Lago di Livigno Lago di S. Giacomo-di Fraéle Lago di Poschiavo Lago di Monte Spluga Lai da Marmorera Silsersee Silvaplanersee St. Moritzersee Stazersee Sufnersee Italien Region Albula Region Bernina Region Viamala Region Engiadina Bassa/Val Müstair Region Plessur Region Prättigau/Davos Bever GR Bever GR Bregaglia Celerina/Schlarigna Madulain Madulain Pontresina La Punt-Chamues-ch Samedan Samedan S-chanf Sils im Engadin/Segl Silvaplana St. Moritz Zuoz ZuozMap of Zuoz
About this picture
Central village square, particularly important for the Engadin theater history
Historical aerial photo from 3000 m by Walter Mittelholzer from 1923

Zuoz ( [tsuə̯ts] ? / I , dt. Obsolete: Zutz od. Zuz ) is a municipality in the Maloja region of the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland . Zuoz is the center of the historic La Plaiv landscape . Audio file / audio sample

coat of arms

Blazon : In black a silver (white) sword with a golden (yellow) handle, crossed with a golden bishop's staff, topped with a golden crown .

The coat of arms is based on the old seal of the community, which shows St. Lucius with a crown and scepter. Instead of the figure, the crown and bishop's staff, the attributes of the saint, were chosen as a sign of his dual position as king and bishop, while the sword points to the old court tradition of the place.


Population development
year 1781 1850 1900 1930 1941 1950 1960 2000 2005 2010 2012 2014 2016
Residents 378 423 425 969 693 779 1001 1353 1263 1310 1277 1244 1214


Chesa Cumünela / Community House

The inhabitants mainly speak Puter (an idiom of Rhaeto-Romanic ) and German (Bündner dialect). In addition, there are Italian and Portuguese, languages ​​of the immigrants living in Zuoz. Until well into the 19th century, all residents spoke Romansh. In 1880 it was 85%, in 1910 and 1941 56%. In 1970 and 1980 the municipality only had a (relative) Romansh-speaking majority (1970: 469 of 1165 inhabitants = 40%; 1980: see below). German has been gaining ground since the 1980s.

Languages ​​in Zuoz GR
languages 1980 census 1990 census 2000 census
number proportion of number proportion of number proportion of
German 457 38.53% 547 45.62% 720 53.22%
Romansh 461 38.87% 407 33.94% 349 25.79%
Italian 183 15.43% 144 12.01% 133 9.83%
Residents 1186 100% 1199 100% 1353 100%

Since, thanks to the school and community, 46% of the population can still speak Romansh, it is the only official language. Unofficially, however, German has the same status.

Religions and denominations

In 1554 the residents of the place converted to the Protestant faith.

Origin and nationality

Of the 1263 residents living in Zuoz at the end of 2005, 900 (= 71%) were Swiss citizens.


On the hill Chastlatsch (1,848 meters above sea level) was a Late Bronze Age and Iron Age settlement in the Laugen-Melaun culture . Zuoz was probably a late Roman and early medieval stage in the alpine network of trails.

In the Middle Ages, the Bishop of Chur owned the Dorta farm (today a part of the village) and the sovereignty of the Upper Engadin. 1137–1139 he acquired further property, a large farm and the church of St. Luzi (the large parish of La Plaiv ) from the south German Counts of Gamertingen . The parish church of St. Luzi was rebuilt around 1200, of which the ship and lower part of the tower have been preserved today. In 1244, Bishop Volkart appointed Andreas Planta von Zuoz as Chancellor of the Upper Engadin, thereby establishing the supremacy of the Planta family, which lasted until 1798. After 1288, the lower jurisdiction in the Upper Engadin was also in the hands of this Chur ministerial family until the beginning of the 16th century. In 1367 the Ammann Thomas Planta (Upper Engadine community seal) joined the Church of God . The ongoing disputes with Samedan led in 1438 to the division of the Upper Engadin judicial community - but not the high court - into the courts of Sur Funtauna Merla and Suot Funtauna Merla; the latter corresponded to the parish of La Plaiv. The first constitution of the judicial community is dated from 1462. The sale of the last episcopal income to the church was made in 1492. The parish church of St. Luzi was rebuilt late Gothic 1507 1438 Advanced second church of S. Caterina 1509. 1526 lost the bishop according to Ilanzer articles his Sovereign rights. During the Swabian War, the inhabitants set fire to their town-like patches to force the enemy to retreat. From the middle of the 15th century communalization started and S-chanf (1518), La Punt-Chamues-ch (1528) and Madulain (1534) dissolved.

The local humanist Gian Travers was the first political publicist to use the Upper Engadin language , the turkey, from 1527 onwards , and who also worked as a playwright. In 1534 his play “La Histoargia dal bio patriarch Josef” (= The life story of Patriarch Josef ) was premiered on the village square in Zuoz . Zuoz did not join the Reformation until 1554 ; Ulrich Campell from Susch was the first Protestant-Reformed pastor. Trade, transport and the conquest of Valtellina in 1512 led to an economic and spiritual boom, which manifested itself in the establishment of a Latin school, the aforementioned beginnings of a written Rhaeto-Romanic language, in religious and profane theater and in choral singing. Structural reflection of this development were the massive mansions and town houses, which at the same time remained farms. In addition to the old noble families von Planta, von Juvalta and Salis, a new ruling class, some of whom were ennobled by the emperor and who had become rich through trade and political offices, named Travers, Schucan, Raschèr, Jecklin, Wietzel, Danz and Geer.

Among the Grison turmoil 1618-1639 Zuoz suffered little, then began an economically induced migration. As a result of the loss of the Valtellina and the abolition of political privileges in 1798, Zuoz developed back into a simple farming village.

Zuoz 1906

Even before the expansion of the valley road, which began in 1836, the road conditions in the Upper Engadin were quite good, but it was only the roads over the Albula Pass and the Flüela Pass that promoted the upswing. In 1903 it was connected to the Rhaetian Railway in Bever , and in 1913 the Bever-Zuoz- Scuol line was opened. Since 1900 the village has developed into a climatic health resort and economic center with the construction of hotels and the redesign of the former council inn . With the establishment of the Lyceum Alpinum in 1904, the opening of the Bellaria Hygienic School in 1909 and the joint secondary school for the Plaiv, the village became a regional school center. More hotels, holiday homes and ski lifts have been built since the 1950s and tourism has become increasingly important and is now the main industry. Agriculture, which had dominated up to now, experienced in the course of its mechanization a sharp reduction in farms and their relocation to the edge of the village. Empty stable barns were converted into apartments while preserving the historical village image. All families who had been resident for more than fifty years were granted municipal citizenship in 1980.

sport and freetime

Today Zuoz is an important tourist destination and is located on the route of the Engadine Ski Marathon . Zuoz has five ski lifts and a golf course. Numerous facilities for other sports are offered.


Zuoz is also known for the Lyceum Alpinum Zuoz , which was founded in 1904. It is a boarding school for 11 to 20 year old boys and girls, many of whom come from abroad.


  • From Zuoz to Beijing. News from the global village. Reportage, Switzerland, 30 min., 2008, director: Christoph Müller, production: SF , Reporter series , first broadcast: February 6, 2008


Plazzet, Zuoz with Upper Plantahaus on the left
Planta House Zuoz
Chesa Rageth Zuoz GR
  • Zuoz is one of the villages with the best preserved village center and numerous well-preserved buildings from the 16th century and earlier.
  • In the center of the village is the Reformed Church of San Luzi . The Romanesque church of San Bastiaun is only rarely used for worship .
  • In Zuoz, you will find Café Badilatti, the highest coffee roastery in Europe.

The following are also significant:



  • Erwin Poeschel : The art monuments of the canton of Graubünden III. The valley communities Räzünser Boden, Domleschg, Heinzenberg, Oberhalbstein, Upper and Lower Engadine. (= Art Monuments of Switzerland. Volume 11). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1940. DNB 760079625 .
  • Constant Wieser: Zuoz. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . 2015 .
  • Zuoz. The village, the houses and their former residents , Diego Giovanoli (author) with a family history excursion by Paolo Boringhierei, Chur 2005.

Web links

Commons : Zuoz  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
  2. Constant Wieser: Zuoz. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . 2015 .
  3. Constant Wieser: Travers, Johann. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . 2014 .
  4. Constant Wieser: Zuoz. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . 2015 .
  5. ^ Website Lyceum Alpinum . The story: Peter Metz: Schools on sunny heights . Chur: Tardis 2019, 163–186.
  6. OSEC  ( page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.osec.ch
  7. ^ Catholic chapel of St. Catherine and Barbara
  8. Upper Planta House
  9. Lower Planta House
  10. Tschudi house
  11. Chesa Madalena
  12. Chasté sur En
  13. Chesa 'Am Lärchenhang'
  14. Graubünden - Building Culture | Buildings. Retrieved January 8, 2019 .
  15. Chesa Chastlatsch and renovation Hotel Castell
  16. Village tower (today district archive)
  17. House Poult
  18. Hotel Crusch Alva (White Cross)
  19. ^ Hotel Castell
  20. Inn Bridge