Town hall Dorp
|Town hall Dorp|
Town hall Dorp
|place||Solingen - Dorp|
|Client||City of Dorp|
|Floor space||359.27 m²|
The town hall Dorp is the former town hall of the once independent town Dorp , which is now a district of Solingen . The listed neo-renaissance building was erected between 1884 and 1885. After the town of Dorp was incorporated into the town of Solingen in 1889, the Dorper Town Hall was the seat of the district command of the Prussian Landwehr from April 1, 1893 to December 1, 1918 . Since 1922 it has been an administration building for the neighboring Richard Abr company. Herder (RAHSOL).
In 1808, the Mairie Dorp was formed in the Napoleonic Grand Duchy of Berg . Maire (mayor) was from 1808 to 1812 an uncle of the Solingen cutlery manufacturer Peter Knecht , Gerhard Daniel Knecht zu Schlicken , who had his office in his house. From January 1813 the office was in the house of his successor Karl Klönne in the I. Feld (today Klingenstrasse). On April 13, 1814, during the Berg general government , the governor general Gruner ordered the merger of the mayorships of Solingen, Dorp and Höhscheid, headed by Grah, the mayor of Solingen. In the course of 1814, Dorp became independent again. Its mayor Karl Klönne was in at the end of 1817 staff Union also Solinger mayor. When Karl Klönne was suspended at the beginning of March 1835 after workers protests against the truck system in Dorp, which extended to Solingen, his two posts were taken over by the previous mayor of Leichlingen , Peter Müller. When Peter Müller left his offices in mid-1843, the longstanding personal union ended.
In 1844 part of the Dorper School was rented as the mayor's office. After a number of other locations, from 1853 the office was rented in a house in the 1st field . At the end of the term of office of the long-standing mayor Robert Stosberg in 1879 no agreement could be reached with the landlord about further leasing. In the discussions of the city council about building a new town hall, the beer brewer Carl Beckmann suggested that he would have a house built and rent it out to the town of Dorp as town hall for 750 marks a year. In October 1879 the contract was signed, which initially provided for four years of renting with the option to buy the house in 1884 for 6,000 marks. At Schützenstraße 39 next to the Beckmann brewery, a two-story half-timbered house with slate cladding was built. The offices, the city treasury and the meeting room were located on the ground floor , while the mayor's apartment was located on the upper floor. In 1880 the new mayor Ludwig Baecker was able to move into the town hall. From 1880 onwards Beckmann made several offers to buy the city, all of which were rejected because the house turned out to be too small.
Construction of the town hall
On October 11, 1883, the city council decided to build its own town hall. A new street was planned for this, Rathausstrasse . The town of Dorp bought a piece of land there from the Küllenberg, Schmitz & Co. company. The building plans were drawn up by Ohligs city architect Otto Franz, who was already the architect for the Gräfrath town hall from 1881. With the decision of March 20, 1884, Otto Franz was also given construction management, while the building contractor Friedrich Felder from Hilden was commissioned with the construction. The foundation stone was laid on May 23, 1884. On September 1, 1885, Mayor Baecker and his family moved into his new official residence. The next day a pageant started at the old town hall for the inauguration of the new town hall.
Architecture and architectural decorations
A two-storey building with a mezzanine in the roof area was built on 359.27 m² of floor space with a front length of 24.58 m and a depth of 14.16 m . Erected with brick masonry, half-timbered walls were drawn in inside the house. In addition to 23 rooms, there was a drying floor and a full basement. The neo-renaissance style was a requirement of the Prussian Oberbaudeputation in Berlin for all public buildings at that time. On the street facade, both side risers were closed with triangular gables . The central risalit with the main entrance got a further floor with a decorative gable . The central risalit also stood out due to the round arch style used in the design of the windows and the main entrance. It also had a frieze under the eaves , in which the town hall clock was located in the middle. The two side facades each had a central risalit over two floors, which ended below the eaves with a triangular gable.
Use after incorporation
After a few years in the new town hall, the city councilors of Dorper voted in secret for the union with Solingen. On January 1, 1889, the incorporation into the neighboring city was completed. The former mayor of Dorper Baecker continued to live in his old official apartment. Other rooms were rented to private individuals. In 1890 this led to complaints from business people on Rathausstrasse near the city of Solingen. They followed the request of the city of Dorp in 1884 to build shops and restaurants on the new street with the town hall in order to revitalize the area as the new Dorp city center . The district president in Düsseldorf also felt compelled to point out that the continued use of the town hall by authorities was a basis for the association of cities. After the former mayor Baecker moved out, the city rented most of the rooms to the judicial authorities from November 1890 . On April 1, 1893, the building became the seat of the district command of the Prussian Landwehr, which was previously housed in the former Gräfrath monastery. The district command was now located near the Solingen Süd station, opened in 1890, on the corkscrew railway , from where work on the railway to the Müngstener Bridge , opened in 1897, began in 1893 . The district command was dissolved on December 1, 1918 after the end of the First World War .
The city of Solingen sold the town hall in 1922 to the neighboring company Richard Abr. Herder (RAHSOL). The cutlery company , founded in 1884 , had the town hall in its letterhead before that . In 1922, RAHSOL built a new building on the right rear corner of the town hall according to plans by the Düsseldorf architect Hermann vom Endt . In 1923 the main entrance to the town hall was relocated to the right side of the house and the top floor with the decorative gable was also removed from the central projection of the street front. After further renovations inside, it has since been used as the administration building of the company, which has belonged to the Remscheider Gedore Group since 1972 . On July 10, 1992, the former town hall was placed under monument protection. Since then, various restoration work has been carried out on and in the building. In 2007 the facade was completely renovated.
The square opposite the town hall, first the market square, then the park, became a parking lot.
- Beate Battenfeld : Town halls in Solingen, past-present-future , history (s) current volume 4, publisher: Bergischer Geschichtsverein Abt. Solingen e. V., 2008.
- Heinz Rosenthal: Solingen. History of a City , Volume 2, Walter Braun Verlag. Duisburg 1972, ISBN 3-87096-103-1 .
- Solingen mayor on zeitspurensuche.de , accessed on November 29, 2015.
- Beate Battenfeld : Town halls in Solingen past-present-future , history (s) current Volume 4, Ed .: Bergischer Geschichtsverein Abt. Solingen e. V., 2008.
- Dorper Church to Rathausstrasse on bilder-von-solingen.de , accessed on November 29, 2015.