Russian State Library

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Russian State Library
Moscow RussianStateLibrary 0987.jpg

Russian State Library, 2017

founding 1862
Duration 46916565 (as of January 1, 2017)
Library type National Library
place Moscow
ISIL RU-10017011
operator Russian Federation Ministry of Culture
management Aleksandr Wislyj

The Russian State Library ( RSB ; Russian Российская государственная библиотека , translit .: Rossiyskaya Gosudarstvennaja biblioteka (РГБ / RGB), formerly Lenin Library) in Moscow is next to the Russian National Library and the Library of the President BN Yeltsin in St. Petersburg one of the three national libraries of Russian Federation. It is one of the largest libraries in the world .


Historic Pashkov building of the Russian State Library, facing the Moscow Kremlin , postcard, 19th century. a. valuable manuscripts preserved

The library was founded on July 1, 1862 as Moscow's first free and public library with the name Library of the Moscow Public Museum and the Rumyantsev Museum or Rumyantsev Library in Pashkov House (Дом Пашкова). In 1925 it became the National Library of the USSR and from 1925 to 1945 it was simply called the Lenin Library. From the early 1930s to around 1960, the library was given a new building on a neighboring property. From 1945 to 1992 it was called the Lenin State Library of the USSR and with 200,000 users per year it was the most frequently visited library in the world. In 1992 it was given its current name. Between 1922 and 1991 at least one copy of every book published in the Soviet Union was deposited in the library. Today the library receives a deposit copy of every book published in Russia.

After the death of the former Russian and first post-Soviet President Yeltsin , his successor Putin announced at the end of April 2007 that he would build a new library as an all-connecting hub of the Russian library system. The originally intended location was that of the demolished Hotel Rossija . This library of President BN Yeltsin was opened in St. Petersburg in 2009 as the third national library of the Russian Federation.

There is a monument to Fyodor Dostoyevsky at the main entrance to the library .


Entrance hall of the State Library

In 2011, the library had 41.1 million media, 12.7 million of which were foreign languages. Among other things, it owns 17.6 million monographs , 13 million periodicals , 565,700 archival materials and handwritten documents, 350,000 sheet music and audio files and 151,300  cards . The online catalog , which contains more recent holdings, is also accessible via the web portal The European Library . A large part of the older holdings has so far only been made accessible via card catalogs, which comprise 70.5 million index cards. Documents of the cultural property of Russia, which are included in the UNESCO list of the World Document Heritage Memory of the World , are kept in the library.


2,081 people work in the library, 1,291 of whom are librarians . The proportion of women is 84 percent.


One of the reading rooms of the State Library

The Russian State Library is a reference library , i. H. the holdings may only be used in one of the 38 reading rooms . Anyone who has reached the age of 18 receives a reader's card, can present an identity card and, if necessary, a certificate of enrollment or a certificate of university degree. Users who do not have Russian citizenship must present the passport with the visa and, if necessary, the registration. Visitors can apply for a day pass. The normal user ID is issued for a period of 5 years and bears a photo of the user that is taken when the application is made.

577,000 people are registered as users. In 2010 the library had 1.1 million visitors and 9.3 million loans in the reading room.

The use of notebooks in the reading rooms is possible after registering with the administration. You are not allowed to bring your own books, computer printouts or copies into the State Library and its branches.


Web links

Commons : Russian State Library  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. . (PDF) p. 80 .
  2. ^ Yeltsin library is being built at Rotem Platz , May 16, 2007, Russia - Current
  3. a b c Jan-Pieter Barbian: Russia - exquisite. In: BuB No. 11/12, 2011, pp. 806-812.

Coordinates: 55 ° 45 ′ 6.6 "  N , 37 ° 36 ′ 34.7"  E