National and University Library "Holy Climent of Ohrid"

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The library building (2009)

The National and University Library "St. Kliment of Ohrid" ( Macedonian Национална и универзитетска библиотека "Св. Климент Охридски" ) in Skopje is one of the first institutions to the Anti-Fascist Council of the People's Liberation of Macedonia was established (ASNOM) on 23 November 1944.


The Macedonian library system has a long tradition, which can be traced back to the work of the scholars Kyrill von Saloniki (826–869) and Method von Saloniki (820–885). The patron saint of the library, Kliment von Ohrid (840–916) founded the first monastery library in the monastery of St. Pantaleon in Ohrid and is regarded as the founder of the library system in this region. Many medieval monastery libraries , some of which are now owned by the national and university libraries, continued librarianship in Macedonia.

The founding inventory of the National and University Library comprises 150,000 media units, mainly scientific publications from the humanities and social sciences : literature , ethnology , geography , history , etc. There are also reference works and around 300 scientific journals.

From 1945, following a resolution by ASNOM, the library received a copy of all media published in Macedonia and the former Yugoslavia . In this way it became the archival library of the Former Socialist Republic of Macedonia and one of the eight Yugoslav archival libraries. Since the independence of Macedonia in 1991, the library has been used as an archive for Macedonian publications.

The library currently has 50 reading and 12 workplaces.


The 1962 flood and the 1963 earthquake in Skopje almost completely destroyed the library building. The inventory, which at that time comprised around 500,000 media units, was badly damaged. At the beginning of 1964 the stock was moved to a specially built prefabricated house. Library operations were maintained there until the new, modern building could be moved into in 1972.

The new library building was built in 1971 by the architect Petar Mulichkovski. It is located in the center of Skopje at 6 Gotse Delchev Boulevard. The building is a cultural monument .

Library management

  • Georgi Shoptrayanov (1944-1946)
  • Emanuel Chuchkov (1946–1947)
  • Elaminonda Popandonov (1948–1951)
  • Mitko Zafirovski (1951–1972)
  • Ivan Katardjiev (1972–1978)
  • Dimitar Solev (1978-1987)
  • Vase Manchev (1987-1993)
  • Vera Kalajlievska (1994-1999)
  • Mladen Sarbinovski (1999–1999)
  • Paskal Gilevski (1999-2002)
  • Borko Zafirovski (2002-2006)
  • Mile Boscheski (2006-2014)
  • Ivan Zarov (2014-2017)
  • Senka Naumovska (2017–)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ "Abbreviation, name in other languages ​​and general description" ( Memento of February 3, 2012 in the Internet Archive ).