Serbian National Library
|Serbian National Library
Народна библиотека Србије
Recording from 2007
|Duration||6 million media units|
|Library type||National Library|
The Serbian National Library ( Serbian Народна библиотека Србије Narodna biblioteka Srbije ) in Belgrade was founded in 1832 on the instructions of the Prince of Serbia Miloš Obrenović . It is the largest and oldest library in Serbia . The collection includes a. Manuscripts from the 12th century, incunabula from the 15th century and numerous manuscripts, photographs, engravings, etc. In total, the inventory amounts to over 6 million media.
During the First World War the building and some copies were damaged. The stocks were then moved to Niš and Kragujevac . In 1919 it became the National Library of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia . The attacks by the German Air Force in World War II destroyed around 500,000 books, manuscripts, maps, prints and other media.
The inventory was restored and expanded under President Tito . In 1947 the library reopened its doors to the public after the dedicated work of the staff. In 1954, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the First Serbian Uprising, the construction of a new building was approved, designed by Ivo Kurtović and opened on April 6, 1973.
Parts of the library were renovated from 2007 to 2011. Most recently, the writer Sreten Ugričić was the head of the library, who had to resign in 2012 due to a controversy.
Nowadays, the Serbian National Library is a modern library that seeks integration into the global flow of information and recognition within the world of national libraries. Further goals are to develop into an information resource and to contribute to the development of Serbian society.
The general collection includes books printed in Serbian and other ex- Yugoslav languages after 1868 , books printed in foreign languages after 1700, magazines from Serbia , ex- Yugoslavia and abroad, bibliographies, encyclopedias, lexicons, catalogs, Dictionaries and directories in classic and electronic form. It is organized in an openly accessible reference collection.
The special collections include old and rare books from the 18th and 19th centuries in the languages of the former Yugoslavia, foreign books before 1700, miniature editions, archival documents, cartographic materials, printed music, sound carriers , photographic documents, copperplate engravings , posters , memorial books and bequests.
The manuscript collection includes handwritten books from the 12th to 18th centuries, mainly Serbian and partly also Bulgarian , Macedonian and Russian editions, incunabula and Old Serbian books from 1494 to 1638, prints of Old Serbian engraved tablets from the 16th to 18th centuries and microfilms South Slavic - Cyrillic manuscripts.
Digital library of the Serbian National Library
The Digital Library of the Serbian National Library comprises 1.2 million scanned pages in around 70 different collections. She participates in several international projects such as the World Digital Library with the aim of making Serbian digitized heritage accessible along with the cultural heritage of other countries.
She is a partner in the “ Europeana Collections 1914–1918” project and, as part of this project, has published a thematic digital library “Veliki rat” (First World War) with valuable collections from the First World War.
- Official website
- 200 Years of Librarianship , Chronology of Serbian Library History and the National Library (English)
- ↑ Miranda Jakiša: Hunting the Serbian way. National librarian Sreten Ugricic killed. In: Der Tagesspiegel . February 1, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2014.