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National Library on Solli plass in Oslo
Interior: First floor of the National Library

The Nasjonalbiblioteket is the Norwegian national library . As a national repository of culture and knowledge, it should, according to its own claim, “preserve the past for the future”. Norwegian book publishers are required to submit deposit copies to the library.

The foundation of the national library goes back to a resolution of the Storting in 1988. Today it has two locations: in the capital Oslo and in Mo i Rana in northern Norway . The departments in Oslo were initially merged with the University Library (UB) on Solli plass , which had existed since 1811 . Since their relocation in 1999 in connection with a new building on the university premises, the national and university libraries have been institutionally and spatially independent of each other. A total of 350 people are employed at the two locations of the National Library.

After extensive renovation work became necessary, King Harald V inaugurated the house in Oslo in August 2005. The spectacular opening ceremony, which took place on all floors and halls and was shown on large screens, was designed by the choreographer Kjersti Alveberg with the help of established artists such as Jan Garbarek or Kari Bremnes and students from the theater school.

The budget of the national library , which in 2016 was just under 532 million crowns (approx. 59 million euros), is set by the Norwegian Ministry of Culture and Churches. Since its separation from the University Library, its collection has consisted of 2.9 million books and magazines , 135,000 maps and atlases, 55,000 rolls of film and 30,000 original manuscripts . There are over 200,000 images in the library's digital archive. Her oldest documents include a prayer book from Hedmark and the Magnus Lagabøters Landslov (a collection of laws by the Norwegian King Magnus Lagabøte ) from the 13th and 14th centuries. Other treasures are the original manuscripts and most of the letters from the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, as well as the manuscripts and letters from the couple Knut and Marie Hamsun acquired in 2002 .

The National Library, together with the Kon-Tiki Museum , also manages the archaeologist Thor Heyerdahl's archive . In addition to diaries, original book and article manuscripts, private letters, expedition plans, articles and newspaper clippings, it also includes unique photo and film material. The archive was declared World Document Heritage in 2011 .

By 2017, all books published in Norway up to the year 2000 should be available within Norway under the URL .

Web links

Commons : Nasjonalbiblioteket  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Thor Heyerdahl Archives. In: Memory of the World - Register. UNESCO , 2011, accessed June 20, 2013 .
  2. Interview with Roger Jøsevold, Deputy Director General of the Norwegian National Library on

Coordinates: 59 ° 54 '50.6 "  N , 10 ° 43' 3.2"  E