Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg
|Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg|
The new library building (Oct. 2019)
|Duration||750,000 media units|
|Library type||National Library|
History and meaning
It emerged from the city library founded by the French administration in 1798 , which was handed over to the state in 1849 and renamed the "National Library" in 1899. The first volume catalog from 1846 comprised 9978 volumes. From 1903 a handwritten card catalog was kept. In 1973 the current building opened at 37 Boulevard Roosevelt. Today there are also two branches and two depots for rare stocks . The most valuable holdings include around 840 manuscripts and 150 incunabula .
The library collects all works published in Luxembourg as well as publications abroad about Luxembourg and / or publications published there by Luxembourgers. Based on the law of August 10, 1992, it has the right to deposit copies . The collection of Luxemburgensia amounts to around 150,000 volumes. The library also produces the national bibliography Bibliography luxembourgeoise . The law of June 25, 2004 extended the scope of duties of the National Library to include the legal deposit obligation for digitized publications (data carriers or internet publications).
In addition, it serves as a scientific library for all fields of knowledge with a stock of around 750,000 volumes and 3,600 current journals. Around 30,000 volumes are freely accessible in the reading room . Annual access is around 10,000 volumes. Four fifths of their stocks are of foreign origin.
The research character of the national library is becoming even more important with the development of the University of Luxembourg , which was created by the law of August 12, 2003. Since its inception, however, it has always been accessible to the general public. The entirety of its facilities is available to people aged 16 and over. In 2006 the library had 3531 registered users and 38,000 loans. 4,413 orders were placed abroad via interlibrary loan , 50 percent of them from libraries in Germany.
In 1985 the National Library suggested that the other Luxembourg libraries establish a library network with a common catalog. Since then, this network, whose joint electronic record system is administered by the National Library, has expanded continuously. Today the bibnet.lu network has 35 libraries, including all faculty libraries of the university and the libraries of the state cultural institutes.
On September 30, 2019, a new library building was opened on the Kirchberg plateau .
“One kilometer of books,” said Minister of Culture Octavie Modert at the request of LSAP MP Ben Fayot , had been damaged by white mold from the desolate conditions in the basement of the national library. More than half of them therefore had to be immediately removed from the bibnet.lu catalog. They are not available to readers until further notice.
- La Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg . Luxembourg 2007. ISBN 2-87980-053-6
- Jean-Marie Reding: The librarianship of Luxembourg, an overview. In: Library research and practice . 32.2008,3, pp. 325-334.
- Jean-Marie Reding: Which Library System? University of Luxembourg. (PDF; 355 kB) Forum for Politics, Society and Culture , 02.2004.
- Home page of the National Library
- Home page of the common bibnet.lu catalog
- Bibliography luxembourgeoise
- Portal eLuxembourgensia
- Findit.lu portal
- "Inauguration du nouveau bâtiment de la BnL." Bnl.public.lu, September 30, 2019, viewed October 16, 2019.
- (emi), Chronically neglected pfaelzischer-merkur.de, February 26, 2010.