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Setra buses.jpg

Introductory year 1950
Products Omnibuses
Markets worldwide

Setra is a bus brand of Daimler AG based in Neu-Ulm, which is distributed in Europe in the Daimler Buses division by the Group's subsidiary EvoBus . The original owner of the brand was Kässbohrer Fahrzeugwerke , which built buses under the brand name Kässbohrer Setra until the company ran into economic difficulties and had to sell the bus division to Daimler in 1995. The name Setra is derived from the word " se lbst tra quietly off".


Kässbohrer's first self-supporting bus, S 8
S 9, the Henschel diesel engine was mounted in the rear
Super Golden Eagle articulated coach from 1958 for the USA
Kässbohrer Setra S 11 (1958)
Kässbohrer Setra S 12 (1962)

Buses from Kässbohrer

Otto Kässbohrer developed one of the first omnibuses with a self-supporting, inherently stable and sufficiently torsion-resistant body in 1951. With this design, a base frame ( chassis ) could be dispensed with. While other designers of buses with a self-supporting construction had not yet made the breakthrough, the construction of the Setra S 8 became the cornerstone of Kässbohrer's subsequent success with the Setra bus brand. In March 1953 the slightly differently designed S 9 was presented with one row of seats. The Setra buses, previously developed as touring coaches, were soon also equipped for regular service. In addition, they received target sign boxes and the typical Setra compressed air-operated outward swinging doors instead of the simple, manually operated swing doors. These became standard for coaches in the 1960s, first at the front, then also at the rear.

In March 1955, the Setra SP, specially designed for regular service, was created through a cooperation with Theodor Pekol , who ran a transport company in Oldenburg and had already designed his own buses. This self-supporting shell construction with ring frames made of light metal and riveted planking had individually suspended wheels all around and a floor height of only 50 cm for the time. It had a higher payload (6 t) than its unladen weight (5.1 t). The engine was arranged horizontally under the floor in the rear. In 1957 an extended version (10.7 m) of this bus was presented; this Setra SPL could also be supplied with air suspension . The 10.85 m long Setra ST 110, released in 1958, was designed to carry a maximum of 110 passengers. Also in 1958 the first self-supporting articulated bus “Golden Eagle” appeared for the US long-distance bus line market . Kässbohrer exported around 200 Setra long-distance buses with the designation “Golden Eagle” or “Silver Eagle” to the USA. These vehicles had a level of equipment that was not yet common in Europe. In addition to the up to 1961 completed articulated buses with coaches of other bus manufacturer was 1959, the first self-supporting articulated bus for the European market: Setra SG 165 m for a maximum of 165 passengers with a length of 16.5 and Bussing - underfloor engine in the front. This articulated bus was replaced in October 1961 by the SG 175 for a maximum of 175 passengers, which also had a modified design of the joint. The ST 110 intended for regular service with its shell construction was only built until 1961. It was only introduced in 1964 by the 10.65 m long S 125 for max. 125 passengers replaced, which was now built in the lattice framework like the other Setras, but received an angular design with high panes. The wheelbase was 5.35 m, the rear axle was now a twin-tire rigid axle. A year later, the SG 175 articulated bus also received this angular design, it was now also available with a double-wide, double-leaf front door, the length was then 16.7 m. As SG 175 ÜL there was also a version with a length of 18 m. From 1966 the S 125 ÜL was also available, a version of the S 125 extended to 12 m with an axle base of 6 m.

Kässbohrer Setra S 110 H (1972)

The first series S 6 to S 15 was built until 1967. The numbers indicate the number of rows of seats. The 100 series followed in 1967 with a significantly more angular exterior, of which the S 80 to S 150 models and, among others, the SG 180 articulated bus came onto the market. At the start, the vehicles had individually suspended front wheels in double wishbone construction . In 1973, disc brakes came into series production on the front axle, drum brakes were optional. The 100 series was, like their predecessors, with Henschel - diesel engines equipped.

In 1972 the S 200 came onto the market as the first of the further developed series, equipped with a 235 kW diesel engine from Daimler-Benz . Toilet, kitchen and air conditioning were possible. The room ventilation system that is still common to Setra today came onto the market. This uses the natural pressure distribution that results around a moving bus. The fresh air enters above the side windows. There is negative pressure at the height of the driver's door and the front entrance door, and this is where the air is directed out of the vehicle. This results in a high air throughput without pulling the passengers.

Kässbohrer Setra S 215 HD (1981)

The 200 series was produced from 1976. It was designed a little smoother than the predecessor series 100 and got an undivided windshield (except for export models overseas). When it was launched, there were two types of high-floor and high-decker buses (as Setra Optimal ) in the versions S 211 H, S 212 H, S 213 H and S 215 H as well as S 213 HD and S 215 HD. The high-floor vehicles (790 mm floor height) were initially equipped with doors in front of the front and rear axles, the high-deck vehicles (1040 mm floor height) with front and center doors. Later there were both (longer) versions with a front door and optionally with a central or rear door. Later, so-called super high-decker (1360 mm floor height) with underfloor cockpit (as Setra Royal ) were added, which are even higher than the usual high-decker and thus offer a large storage space under the floor, which is accessible from left and right via flaps. These super high-deckers have the appendix HDH or HDS (S 216 HDS with underfloor cockpit) and are three-axle vehicles. The smallest from this series was the S 208 HM, the largest of the double-decker S 228 DT ( Setra Imperial ).

Kässbohrer was the first commercial vehicle manufacturer to introduce ABS as a standard feature in touring buses in 1984 . For a while, Setra buses were still available without ABS. Kässbohrer put it this way: “... at a reduced price on request”. The 200 series was the Setra series with the most variants. The S 215 HD became the most typical Setra in the entire 200 series. This vehicle type was also the benchmark for all other touring coaches on the European market.

The 200 series were mainly powered by V6, V8 and V10 diesel engines from Daimler-Benz, later with exhaust gas turbochargers and engines from MAN were also offered. With the 200 series there were again vehicle variants for the US market, recognizable by the split windshield, equipped with engines from Detroit Diesel and automatic transmissions from Allison .

In the 200 series there was also a more simply equipped version as a combi bus ( Setra Rational ) for use on lines and for shorter trips as the S 213/215 HR or RL with line displays. The S 215 UL intercity bus, which was also available as an articulated bus as the SG 221 UL (as Setra Regional ), and the city ​​bus SL 215 and SG 219 ( Setra Communal ) were also derived from the touring coaches of the 200 series . Later there was the S 215 NR as the first low-floor - regional bus . This construction is known today as " low entry " (low entry, but conventionally built in the rear).

(Kässbohrer) Setra S 315 HD

A bus that did not belong to the 200 series was the three-door low-floor city bus Kässbohrer Setra S 300 NC with transverse rear engine and ZF drive components, which was developed in the late 1980s and which was presented in 1989, and the design of the Mercedes-Benz Citaro , which appeared almost ten years later anticipated. The S 300 NC was not widely used, only EVAG in Essen and the transport company Transpole in Lille received a significant number of these progressive city buses. Production was stopped in 1994.

Another unusual type is the S 216 HDS, a super high-decker with an underfloor cockpit . Because of the small number of units, this type was only offered slightly modified as the S 316 HDS, while the new 300 series was sold. The S 216 HDS was the successor to the SG 221 HDS, a super high-decker articulated bus, with a "wasp waist" between the front end and the trailer, which remained a unique piece.

The 300 series was developed from 1991. The typical exterior mirrors of the series were a well thought-out monitoring feature: except for anything directly behind the bus, the driver's eye was on the blind spot in front of the front bumper. Since the merger with Daimler-Benz, city ​​buses have been discontinued and Setra has been assigned the intercity and touring coach segment . The low-floor technology (type designation "NF") became more and more popular for intercity buses.

Evobus Setra buses

Setra TopClass 400 Facelift visible on the nose

The first 400 series buses hit the market in 2001. They are divided into the product lines MultiClass ( combination buses ), ComfortClass ( coaches ) and TopClass (more comfortable coaches, including the S 431 DT double-decker bus). The TopClass 400 was revised in 2007.

In 2012, the ComfortClass 500 touring coaches were presented (S 515 HD, S 516 HD, S 517 HD), the bodies of which were lengthened and aerodynamically improved for the ECE R66 / 01 standard that will apply from 2017. Headlights and windshield wipers have been redesigned.

In 2013, the generation change also began in the TopClass with high-deckers in three lengths (S 515 HDH, S 516 HDH, S 517 HDH) and adapted and aerodynamically optimized for future strength and emissions standards, the noise level in the interior was lowered and the body shell reduced.

Production of the MultiClass 400 business presented in 2013 began in the Turkish Evobus plant. These are simply equipped intercity buses in three lengths. The concept is similar to the Mercedes-Benz Intouro built in the same plant . In the following year, two low-entry models based on the UL business series were added to the range.


Former Kässbohrer Setra logo

The full range of Setra buses is produced in Neu-Ulm . The bodies and chassis are manufactured in the EvoBus plant in Mannheim , transported by rail to Neu-Ulm, where they are painted, assembled and completed. The Neu-Ulm plant started operations in 1992. The models with the suffix “business” are manufactured in Hoşdere in Turkey . Production activities that previously took place in Ulm have been located there since 2006. The administration has been located in Neu-Ulm since 2009.

In addition to Setra, the bus division of Mercedes-Benz also belongs to EvoBus , a wholly owned subsidiary of the Daimler Group. The model series Integro and Travego of the Mercedes-Benz brand are sister products that use a large number of identical components in the chassis and drive and are also manufactured in Neu-Ulm. The S 417s, which have been delivered to the US company Academy Bus since 2004, bear the Mercedes star in addition to the Setra logo .

Type designations

Setra bus S 431 DT from Autokraft in Hamburg's central bus station on behalf of Berlin Linien Bus on its way to Berlin

The maximum number of rows of seats can be recognized from the type designation. In the first Setra series, the number of rows of seats stood alone. For the second series (series 100) a 0 or 5 was added, for the following series (series 200, 300 and 400) a number was added in front of each. Example: S 8 (= 8 rows of seats), S 140 (= 14 rows of seats), S 215 (= 15 rows of seats), S 417 (= 17 rows of seats) or S 319 UL (= 19 rows of seats). The rows of seats are reduced by comfort fixtures or a certain star classification; the type designation is retained. From the 200 series, additions to the number indicated the equipment: currently (400/500 series) these are H for high-floor construction (no wheel arches in the passenger compartment), HD for high-decker, HDH for high-decker high, DT for double-decker tourist bus, MD for middle-decker (Replacement of the GT series), UL for intercity buses and NF for low-floor buses . In the past, GT for coaches (Grand Tourisme) , HDS for super high-decker, SL for city buses and NR (Niederflur Rational) for the first intercity low-floor buses (200 series) were used. Only a few types were given different names, for example the S 250 Special (a modified S 215 HD, which was still offered as an entry-level model after the introduction of the 300 series) and the S 300 NC (an early low-floor city bus as a predecessor to the Mercedes-Benz Citaro ).

The various models of the 200 series had name additions to the type designations, whereby initially the designation "International" (with the additional letter I in the type designation) was used for touring and combi buses with simplified heating / ventilation. For the regular service there was the designation "Communal" and "Regional", for combined travel models the designation "Rational". The club bus model based on the S 210 H, which was offered for a short time, had the addition of "Real" to the name. Air-conditioned high-decker buses were named “Optimal” as standard, the super high-decker S 216 HDS “Royal” and the double-decker S 228 DT “Imperial”. The export version of the 215 HDH for the US market (the HDH model for the local market was later based on this) was called "Transcontinental". Some of these designations were retained when the 300 series was introduced, as was the case with the S 328 DT, but with the introduction of the 400 series at the latest, these name additions were given up with the division into "Multi-", "Comfort" and "TopClass". The additional designation "business" has been used by models manufactured in Turkey with simpler equipment since 2013.

Current models in Germany

MultiClass 400

  • S 412 UL (intercity bus, 10.805 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 415 UL (intercity bus, 12.2 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 416 UL (intercity bus, 13.04 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 417 UL (intercity bus, 14.05 meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 419 UL (intercity bus, 14.98 meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 415 H (raised floor bus, 12.2 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 416 H (raised floor bus, 13.04-meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 415 LE business (low-entry bus, 12.33-meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 416 LE business (low-entry bus, 13.04 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 418 LE business (low-entry bus, 14.64-meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 415 UL business (intercity bus, 12.2 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 416 UL business (intercity bus, 12.7 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 417 UL business (intercity bus, 13.38 meter two-axle vehicle)

The addition business means that the bus is produced in Turkey and has a simpler equipment.

ComfortClass 500

  • S 511 HD (high-decker, 10.465 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 515 HD (high-decker, 12.295-meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 516 HD / 2 (high-decker, 13.115 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 516 HD (high-decker, 13.115-meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 517 HD (high-decker, 13.935-meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 519 HD (high-decker, 14.945 meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 515 MD (middle decker, 12.295 meter two-axle vehicle)
  • S 516 MD (middle decker, 13.115 meter two-axle vehicle)

TopClass 400

  • S 431 DT (double-decker, 13.89 meter three-axle vehicle)

TopClass 500

  • S 515 HDH (high-decker, 12.495-meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 516 HDH (high-decker, 13.325-meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 517 HDH ​​(high-decker, 14.165 meter three-axle vehicle)
  • S 531 DT (double-decker, 14-meter three-axle vehicle)

Series history

year Type annotation
1951 Setra S 8 Self-supporting body, rear engine and direct drive to the rear axle
1953 Setra S 9, Setra S 10 9 rows of seats were also used as a bus
1955 Setra S 6, S 10, S 11, Setra SP Pekol line bus with independent wheel suspension , greater payload than its own weight
1958 Setra ST 110, Setra Golden Eagle, Setra Silver Eagle City bus with max. 110 passenger seats, air suspension , 10.85 m long long-distance buses for the USA
1959 Setra S 9, S 10, S 12, Setra SG 165 16.5 m long articulated bus for 165 passengers, air suspension, Büssing - underfloor motor
1961 Setra S 14, Setra SG 175 Articulated bus for max. 175 passengers
1962 Setra S 12 11 m long coach
1963 Setra S 125 10.65 m long bus for max. 125 passengers
1964 5000th Setra delivered
1965 Setra S 7, S 15 The S 7 was the successor to the S 6.
1967 Setra S 100, S 110, S 120, S 130, S 150 will be introduced
1968 Setra S 80 Successor to the S 7
1969 10000th Setra is delivered
1971 Setra S 130 S, S 140
1972 Setra S 200 first bus of the 200 series
1973 Setra SG 180 S, SG 180 Ü, S 140 ES Public buses
1975 Setra S 80 B Further development of the S 80
1976 Setra S 211 H, S 212 H, S 213 H, S 215 H, S 213 HD, S 215 HD
1977 Setra S 209 H
1979 Setra S 208 H short version of the 200 series
1980 Setra S 215 HDS, S 216 HDS
1981 Setra S 228 DT, S 213 HR, S 215 HR, S 213 RL, S 215 RL
1983 Setra S 215 UL , SG 221 UL
1984 Setra S 215 SL, SG 219 SL, S 215 HDH
1988 Setra S 215 HDH
1989 Setra S 300 NC three-door low-floor city bus
1991 Presentation of the 300 series, Setra S 215 NR
1992 Setra S 315 HD, S 328 DT S 315 HDH Bus Of The Year 1993
1993 Setra S 217 HDH
1994 Setra S 315 UL, S 315 H, S 315 GT, S 250 Special
1995 Setra S 315 NF , S 313 UL, SG 321 UL
1996 Setra S 217 HDH, S 315 NF, S 315 GT-HD S 315 NF Bus Of The Year 1997
1997 Setra S 319 UL, S 315 HDH / 3, S 317 HDH ​​/ 3, S 316 HDS, S 319 NF
1999 Setra S 317 GT-HD
2001 Presentation of the 400 series S 415 HDH Bus Of The Year 2002
2007 Revision of the TopClass 400
2009 Revision of the ComfortClass 400,
introduction of the raised-floor intercity buses S 415 H, S 416 H
S 415 NF Bus Of The Year 2009
2010 Presentation of the new “Voyage” seats for the TopClass and successor series
2012 S 515 HD, S 516 HD / 2, S 516 HD, S 517 HD Presentation of the ComfortClass 500
2013 S 515 HDH, S 516 HDH, S 517 HDH Presentation TopClass 500
2014 S 415 LE business, S 416 LE business, S 511 HD, S 519 HD, S 515 MD, S 516 MD S 515 HD Coach of the Year 2014
2015 S 418 LE business
2017 S 531 DT Presentation of the new TopcClass 500 double-decker bus
2017 S 516 HD / 2 Sustainable Bus Award 2018



  • Dieter Mutard, Stefan Loeffler: Setra. Omnibuses since 1951 . Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 2001

Web links

Commons : Setra  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Setra: Setra milestones. Retrieved December 3, 2018 .
  2. Christian Marquordt: 60 years of Setra - the public service buses . In: Stadtverkehr , Heft 7–8 / 2011, S. 34/35, EK-Verlag , Freiburg 2011, ISSN  0038-9013
  3. World premiere of the new Setra coaches  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , ATZ Online, July 10, 2012@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  4. Simply elegant - the Setra TopClass 500 ( memento of the original dated February 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Setra press release, August 19, 2013 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. SETRA: "Less is more" , Der Rote Renner , November 28, 2013
  6. Setra: S 412 UL. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  7. Setra: S 415 UL. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  8. Setra: S 416 UL. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  9. Setra: S 417 UL. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  10. Setra: S 419 UL. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  11. Setra: S 415 H. Accessed on November 20, 2018 .
  12. Setra: S 416 H. Accessed on November 20, 2018 .
  13. Setra: S 415 LE business. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  14. Setra: S 416 LE business. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  15. Setra: S 418 LE business. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  16. Setra: S 415 UL business. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  17. Setra: S 416 UL business. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  18. Setra: S 417 UL business. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  19. Setra: S 511 HD. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  20. Setra: S 515 HD. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  21. Setra: S 516 HD / 2. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  22. Setra: S 516 HD. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  23. Setra: S 517 HD. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  24. Setra: S 519 HD. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  25. Setra: S 515 MD. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  26. Setra: S 516 MD. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  27. Setra: S 431 DT. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  28. Setra: S 515 HDH. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  29. Setra: S 516 HDH. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  30. Setra: S 517 HDH. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  31. Setra: S 531 DT. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  32. Car winner: Setra S 416 HDH coach as a test vehicle on the road. Retrieved November 21, 2018 .
  33. Daimler: Setra S 415 NF low-floor bus named Bus of the Year 2009 . Retrieved November 21, 2018 .
  34. Daimler: World premiere of the new Setra ComfortClass 500. Accessed on November 21, 2018 .
  35. Setra TopClass 500: Long-haul touring coach in the "S-Class" format. Retrieved November 21, 2018 .
  36. Setra: ComfortClass 500 is Coach of the Year 2014. Accessed on November 21, 2018 .
  37. OmnibusRevue: World premiere for the Setra S 531 DT double-decker. Retrieved November 20, 2018 .
  38. Setra: Five awards for Daimler Buses at “Busworld” in Kortrijk, Belgium. Retrieved December 27, 2018 .