The Star Alliance ( English for star alliance ) is an aviation alliance of 26 airlines founded in 1997 (as of November 2019). More than 18,500 flights take place every day within the Star Alliance network . There are 1,330 destinations in 192 countries. All members together have a fleet of 4,657 aircraft and transport around 641 million passengers annually. This makes the Star Alliance the largest aviation alliance in the world.
The Star Alliance was founded on May 14, 1997 as the world's first aviation alliance by the five airlines Air Canada , United Airlines , Lufthansa , SAS Scandinavian Airlines and Thai Airways . The main goal of this alliance is to increase efficiency , which is sought in the following areas:
- Common and compatible offers for frequent flyers
- Common lounges and later also terminals at the airports (such as Terminal 2 at Munich Airport , Terminal 3 “Austrian Star Alliance Terminal” at Vienna Airport and Terminal 2 in London Heathrow ).
- Coordinated scheduled flights with the establishment of a worldwide network
- Uniform tickets for flights with several Star Alliance airlines
- Alignment of quality standards
- Joint fleet and spare parts orders
- Joint fleet leasing
- Common route rights and slots
On the occasion of the founding ceremony , a Boeing 747-400 from Thai Airways, a Boeing 777-200 from United Airlines, a Boeing 767-300 from SAS and an Airbus A340-300 each from Air Canada and the German Lufthansa were shown on the airport apron in Frankfurt / Main formed into a five-pointed star similar to the Star Alliance logo.
In addition to the acceptance of various new members, the regional concept was developed and presented in 2004 in order to open up smaller markets with regional airlines such as the Finnish Blue1 .
In April 2011, the Lufthansa Cargo boss Karl-Ulrich Garnadt announced that they wanted to further develop the synergy effects of the alliance in the freight sector. Currently there is only one cooperation with Austrian Airlines. A similar project by Lufthansa and other airlines called WOW was started in 2000, but never achieved the expected synergy effects.
On June 24, 2014, the Star Alliance announced that it would take Air India into the alliance after years of negotiations. The company formally joined on July 11, 2014.
As of April 2020, there are no confirmed candidates for membership of the alliance.
The Star Alliance also plans to work with regional and low-cost airlines to improve global coverage. The airlines will not become members, but Connecting Partners . This has the advantage for customers that their luggage is checked through to the destination airport. Other benefits such as collecting miles should be individually agreed between partners and members.
|Juneyao Airlines||People's Republic of China||2017||74|
The following airlines were members of the alliance and have left it for various reasons.
|airline||origin||logo||exit||Reason for leaving||current status|
|Ansett Australia||Australia||2002||insolvency||Flight operations stopped|
|Mexicana de Aviación||Mexico||2004||Resigned due to disputes over traffic rights with United Airlines and joined the competing alliance oneworld on November 10, 2009||Flight operations stopped|
|VARIG||Brazil||2006||Insolvency; the successor company VRG Linhas Aéreas no longer fulfilled the conditions of membership in the alliance and was excluded||Start-up|
|Shanghai Airlines||People's Republic of China||2010||Resigned October 31, 2010; Shanghai Airlines was taken over by China Eastern Airlines , which joined the SkyTeam alliance in 2011||takeover|
|Spanair||Spain||2012||Insolvency; ceased operations on January 28, 2012||Flight operations stopped|
|Continental Airlines||United States||2012||Merger with United Airlines on March 3, 2012||fusion|
|bmi||United Kingdom||2012||was established in April 2012 by IAG acquired, which also includes the oneworld -member British Airways belongs||takeover|
|Blue1||Finland||2012||Blue1 left 1 November 2012, officially the Alliance, after all flights were for SAS Scandinavian Airlines conducted||takeover|
|TACA||El Salvador||2013||TACA merged with Avianca to form Avianca Holdings and was renamed Avianca El Salvador and is thus a subsidiary of Avianca||takeover|
|Lauda Air||Austria||2013||Lauda Air became a 99 percent subsidiary of Austrian Airlines in October 2001 and was run as its own brand until March 2013||takeover|
|TAM Linhas Aéreas||Brazil||2014||TAM merged with LAN Airlines to form the LATAM Airlines Group . In March 2013, TAM decided to leave the Star Alliance on March 31, 2014 and join the oneworld Alliance as LAN is a member.||fusion|
|US Airways||United States||2014||Left on March 30, 2014 as part of the merger with oneworld member American Airlines||fusion|
|Tyrolean Airways||Austria||2015||Tyrolean Airways merged completely with the parent company Austrian Airlines in 2015||takeover|
|OceanAir Linhas Aéreas SA ( Avianca Brasil )||Brazil||2019||insolvency||No flight|
|Adria Airways||Slovenia||2019||insolvency||Flight operations stopped|
|Basic data Star Alliance (July 2015)|
|sales||$ 179.05 billion|
|Sold Seat Kilometers (RPK)||1,364 billion|
|Passengers carried||641.1 million|
- member companies of the Star Alliance. In: staralliance.com. Star Alliance, accessed February 12, 2016 .
- Lufthansa makes a new attempt at the freight alliance. In: aero.de. Aviation Media & IT GmbH, April 21, 2011, accessed on February 12, 2016 .
- Air India joins Star Alliance. In: staralliance.com. Star Alliance, July 11, 2014, accessed February 12, 2016 .
- Star Alliance Facts and Figures. (PDF; 382 KiB) In: staralliance.com. Star Alliance, July 22, 2015, accessed February 12, 2016 .
- Star Alliance Chronology. (PDF; 108 KiB) In: staralliance.com. Star Alliance, July 22, 2015, accessed February 12, 2016 .
- Star Alliance Facts and Figures. (PDF; 484 KiB) In: staralliance.com. Star Alliance, January 11, 2019, accessed May 7, 2019 .
- Connecting Partners. In: staralliance.com. Star Alliance, accessed on May 25, 2020 .
- Star Alliance: Juneyao Airlines expands Star Alliance network , May 26, 2017, accessed on November 27, 2018
- bmi formally leaves Star Alliance. In: staralliance.com. Star Alliance, April 20, 2012, accessed February 12, 2016 .
- TAM and US Airways join oneworld. In: oneworld.com. oneworld, March 31, 2014; accessed February 12, 2016 .
- US Airways to exit Star Alliance on March 30th, 2014. In: staralliance.com. Star Alliance, December 9, 2013, accessed February 12, 2016 .
- Avianca Brasil is formally withdrawing from Star Alliance. In: aeroTELEGRAPH. August 19, 2019, accessed on August 19, 2019 (Swiss Standard German).