Star Alliance

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Star Alliance
Star Alliance logo
Founding: 1997
Members: 26, see members
Seat: Frankfurt am Main , Germany
Frequent Flyer
Fleet: 4,657
Star Alliance logo

The Star Alliance ( English for star alliance ) is an aviation alliance of 26 airlines founded in 1997 (as of November 2019). More than 18,500 flights take place every day within the Star Alliance network . There are 1,330 destinations in 192 countries. All members together have a fleet of 4,657 aircraft and transport around 641 million passengers annually. This makes the Star Alliance the largest aviation alliance in the world.


De Havilland DHC-8-400 of Austrian Airlines in Star Alliance special livery

The Star Alliance was founded on May 14, 1997 as the world's first aviation alliance by the five airlines Air Canada , United Airlines , Lufthansa , SAS Scandinavian Airlines and Thai Airways . The main goal of this alliance is to increase efficiency , which is sought in the following areas:

  • Common and compatible offers for frequent flyers
  • Common lounges and later also terminals at the airports (such as Terminal 2 at Munich Airport , Terminal 3 “Austrian Star Alliance Terminal” at Vienna Airport and Terminal 2 in London Heathrow ).
  • Coordinated scheduled flights with the establishment of a worldwide network
  • Uniform tickets for flights with several Star Alliance airlines
  • Alignment of quality standards
  • Joint fleet and spare parts orders
  • Joint fleet leasing
  • Common route rights and slots

On the occasion of the founding ceremony , a Boeing 747-400 from Thai Airways, a Boeing 777-200 from United Airlines, a Boeing 767-300 from SAS and an Airbus A340-300 each from Air Canada and the German Lufthansa were shown on the airport apron in Frankfurt / Main formed into a five-pointed star similar to the Star Alliance logo.

In addition to the acceptance of various new members, the regional concept was developed and presented in 2004 in order to open up smaller markets with regional airlines such as the Finnish Blue1 .

In April 2011, the Lufthansa Cargo boss Karl-Ulrich Garnadt announced that they wanted to further develop the synergy effects of the alliance in the freight sector. Currently there is only one cooperation with Austrian Airlines. A similar project by Lufthansa and other airlines called WOW was started in 2000, but never achieved the expected synergy effects.

On June 24, 2014, the Star Alliance announced that it would take Air India into the alliance after years of negotiations. The company formally joined on July 11, 2014.


Current members

airline origin logo accession PAX million / year Planes
Aegean Airlines GreeceGreece Greece
Aegean Airlines Logo 2020.png
2010 7.4 46
Air Canada CanadaCanada Canada
Air Canada Logo.svg
48 390
Air China China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China 2007 33.1 397
Air India IndiaIndia India
Air India.svg
2014 24.6 125
Air New Zealand New ZealandNew Zealand New Zealand
Air New Zealand logo.svg
1999 17th 112
All Nippon Airways JapanJapan Japan
All Nippon Airways Logo.svg
1999 53.9 266
Asiana Airlines Korea SouthSouth Korea South Korea
Asiana Airlines logo New.svg
2003 19.5 84
Austrian Airlines AustriaAustria Austria
Austrian Airlines Logo neu.svg
2000 14.6 83
Avianca ColombiaColombia Colombia
Avianca Logo.svg
2012 29.4 176
Brussels Airlines BelgiumBelgium Belgium
Brussels Airlines.svg
2009 9.1 52
Copa Airlines PanamaPanama Panama
Copa airlines logo.png
2012 13.3 102
Croatia Airlines CroatiaCroatia Croatia
Croatia Airlines Logo 2.svg
2004 2.13 12
Egypt Air EgyptEgypt Egypt
2008 7.33 69
Ethiopian Airlines EthiopiaEthiopia Ethiopia
Logo ethiopian airlines.svg
2011 10.6 108
EVA Air TaiwanRepublic of China (Taiwan) Taiwan
EVA Air Logo.svg
2013 12 79
LOT PolandPoland Poland
LOT Logo english.svg
2003 9 75
Lufthansa GermanyGermany Germany
Lufthansa Logo 2018.svg
71.3 357
SAS Scandinavian Airlines DenmarkDenmark Denmark Norway Sweden
30th 156
Shenzhen Airlines China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Shenzhen Airlines Logo.png
2012 30.22 191
Singapore Airlines SingaporeSingapore Singapore
Singapore Airlines Logo.svg
2000 19.51 112
South African Airways South AfricaSouth Africa South Africa 2006 6.8 48
Swiss SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Swiss new.svg
2006 21.6 90
TAP Portugal PortugalPortugal Portugal
2005 14.2 91
Thai Airways International ThailandThailand Thailand
Thai Airlines Logo 2008.svg
25th 100
Turkish Airlines TurkeyTurkey Turkey
Turkish Airlines logo 2012.svg
2008 75.17 326
United Airlines United StatesUnited States United States
United Airlines 2010 logo.svg
156 1329

Candidate countries

As of April 2020, there are no confirmed candidates for membership of the alliance.

Connecting partners

The Star Alliance also plans to work with regional and low-cost airlines to improve global coverage. The airlines will not become members, but Connecting Partners . This has the advantage for customers that their luggage is checked through to the destination airport. Other benefits such as collecting miles should be individually agreed between partners and members.

airline origin accession Planes
Juneyao Airlines China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China 2017 74
Thai smile ThailandThailand Thailand 2020 20th

former members

The following airlines were members of the alliance and have left it for various reasons.

airline origin logo exit Reason for leaving current status
Ansett Australia AustraliaAustralia Australia
Ansett Australia Logo.svg
2002 insolvency Flight operations stopped
Mexicana de Aviación MexicoMexico Mexico
Mexicana Logo 2008.svg
2004 Resigned due to disputes over traffic rights with United Airlines and joined the competing alliance oneworld on November 10, 2009 Flight operations stopped
VARIG BrazilBrazil Brazil
Varig Logo.svg
2006 Insolvency; the successor company VRG Linhas Aéreas no longer fulfilled the conditions of membership in the alliance and was excluded Start-up
Shanghai Airlines China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China
Shanghai Airlines logo 1998.png
2010 Resigned October 31, 2010; Shanghai Airlines was taken over by China Eastern Airlines , which joined the SkyTeam alliance in 2011 takeover
Spanair SpainSpain Spain
Spanair Logo 2011.svg
2012 Insolvency; ceased operations on January 28, 2012 Flight operations stopped
Continental Airlines United StatesUnited States United States 2012 Merger with United Airlines on March 3, 2012 fusion
bmi United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
2012 was established in April 2012 by IAG acquired, which also includes the oneworld -member British Airways belongs takeover
Blue1 FinlandFinland Finland
Blue1 Logo 2011.svg
2012 Blue1 left 1 November 2012, officially the Alliance, after all flights were for SAS Scandinavian Airlines conducted takeover
TACA El SalvadorEl Salvador El Salvador
TACA 2008 Logo.svg
2013 TACA merged with Avianca to form Avianca Holdings and was renamed Avianca El Salvador and is thus a subsidiary of Avianca takeover
Lauda Air AustriaAustria Austria
Lauda OS.svg
2013 Lauda Air became a 99 percent subsidiary of Austrian Airlines in October 2001 and was run as its own brand until March 2013 takeover
TAM Linhas Aéreas BrazilBrazil Brazil
TAM Airlines Logo.svg
2014 TAM merged with LAN Airlines to form the LATAM Airlines Group . In March 2013, TAM decided to leave the Star Alliance on March 31, 2014 and join the oneworld Alliance as LAN is a member. fusion
US Airways United StatesUnited States United States
US Airways Logo Star Alliance 2011.svg
2014 Left on March 30, 2014 as part of the merger with oneworld member American Airlines fusion
Tyrolean Airways AustriaAustria Austria
Logo AustrianArrows.jpg
2015 Tyrolean Airways merged completely with the parent company Austrian Airlines in 2015 takeover
OceanAir Linhas Aéreas SA ( Avianca Brasil ) BrazilBrazil Brazil
Avianca Logo.svg
2019 insolvency No flight
Adria Airways SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
Adria Airways Logo Star.svg
2019 insolvency Flight operations stopped

Structural data

Basic data Star Alliance (July 2015)
sales $ 179.05 billion
Daily departures 18,500
Countries approached 192
Airports approached 1330
Sold Seat Kilometers (RPK) 1,364 billion
Passengers carried 641.1 million
Employee 432,603
fleet 4657 aircraft

See also

Web links

Commons : Star Alliance  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c member companies of the Star Alliance. In: Star Alliance, accessed February 12, 2016 .
  2. Lufthansa makes a new attempt at the freight alliance. In: Aviation Media & IT GmbH, April 21, 2011, accessed on February 12, 2016 .
  3. ^ Air India joins Star Alliance. In: Star Alliance, July 11, 2014, accessed February 12, 2016 .
  4. a b Star Alliance Facts and Figures. (PDF; 382 KiB) In: Star Alliance, July 22, 2015, accessed February 12, 2016 .
  5. ^ Star Alliance Chronology. (PDF; 108 KiB) In: Star Alliance, July 22, 2015, accessed February 12, 2016 .
  6. a b Star Alliance Facts and Figures. (PDF; 484 KiB) In: Star Alliance, January 11, 2019, accessed May 7, 2019 .
  7. Connecting Partners. In: Star Alliance, accessed on May 25, 2020 .
  8. Star Alliance: Juneyao Airlines expands Star Alliance network , May 26, 2017, accessed on November 27, 2018
  9. bmi formally leaves Star Alliance. In: Star Alliance, April 20, 2012, accessed February 12, 2016 .
  10. TAM and US Airways join oneworld. In: oneworld, March 31, 2014; accessed February 12, 2016 .
  11. ^ US Airways to exit Star Alliance on March 30th, 2014. In: Star Alliance, December 9, 2013, accessed February 12, 2016 .
  12. Avianca Brasil is formally withdrawing from Star Alliance. In: aeroTELEGRAPH. August 19, 2019, accessed on August 19, 2019 (Swiss Standard German).