The Silivri Prisons ( Turkish: Silivri Ceza İnfaz Kurumları ) are a prison complex in the European part of Turkey , 70 kilometers west of Istanbul in the Silivri district . With over 10,000 places, the facility has been the largest prison in Europe since it opened in 2008. She also became known for having many prominent inmates.
Planning and construction
The Silivri prison complex 70 kilometers west of central Istanbul
The previously largest prison in Istanbul in the Bayrampaşa district was built in an initially sparsely populated area and began operating in 1969. Because the rapidly growing city enclosed the facility, a new location was sought. The environment had to be easily controllable and the new prison was supposed to replace outdated and cramped facilities like the one in Bayrampaşa.
The complex was built from 2005 to 2008 on an originally 96 hectare area in the Silivri district on the western edge of the Istanbul province . The area called Kampüs ("Campus") is located on the European route 84 about one kilometer from the Sea of Marmara . According to press reports, the construction costs amounted to around 100 million lira , at that time around 50 million euros. The facility, consisting of eight closed and one open penal institution, was expanded to include a further closed penal institution on 104 hectares in 2014/15.
The prison complex consists of eight closed type L penal institutions, one non-typed closed and one open penal institution. The closed type L prisons Silivri № 7 and 8 each have a high-security area with 38 solitary confinement rooms. In addition to the penal institutions, there are several courtrooms and a hospital on the site. For employees and their families, there are 500 service apartments, a health center, a primary and secondary school and a mosque available on the northern part of the site. On the eastern part, a photovoltaic system with 1,340 solar modules is installed on an area of 7,000 m² .
As of February 13, 2014 there were 10,452 prisoners, including 2,367 remand prisoners and 1,541 people in custody, in the closed prison and a further 512 prisoners in the open prison; the workforce was 2,488 employees.
There are also many government critics and over a hundred journalists among the prisoners, including:
- Ahmet Altan , writer and editor-in-chief of the Taraf newspaper , imprisoned since September 2016
- Eren Erdem , journalist and former member of the CHP , detained since June 2018
- Osman Kavala , entrepreneur, patron and human rights activist, detained since October 2017
- Mümtazer Türköne , political scientist and columnist for the newspaper Zaman , imprisoned since August 2016
- Şahin Alpay , political scientist and publicist, imprisoned from July 2017 to June 2018
- Mehmet Altan , lecturer in economics and columnist, imprisoned September 2016 - June 2018
- Akın Atalay , lawyer and editor of Cumhuriyet newspaper , imprisoned from November 2016 to April 2018
- Mustafa Balbay , journalist ( Cumhuriyet ) and politician (CHP) , imprisoned from March 2009 to December 2013
- İlker Başbuğ , former Chief of Staff of the Turkish Army , imprisoned from January 2012 to March 2014
- Meral Danış Beştaş , MP for the HDP , detained from January to April 2017
- Ayhan Bilgen , human rights activist, MP and spokesman for the HDP , detained from January to September 2017
- Suat Çorlu , journalist and husband of Meşale Tolu , imprisoned from April to November 2017
- Can Dündar , journalist, imprisoned from November 2015 to February 2016
- Erdem Gül , a journalist for Cumhuriyet newspaper , was imprisoned from November 2015 to February 2016
- Musa Kart , cartoonist, imprisoned from November 2016 to July 2017
- Hüseyin Avni Mutlu , former Governor (Vali) of Istanbul Province , imprisoned from August 2016 to February 2018
- Doğu Perinçek , chairman of the Fatherland Party and publicist, imprisoned from March 2008 to March 2014
- Tunca Öğreten , journalist ( Diken ), detained from January to December 2017
- Tuncay Özkan , journalist and politician (CHP) , imprisoned from September 2008 to March 2014
- Murat Sabuncu , editor-in-chief of Cumhuriyet newspaper , detained from November 2016 to March 2018
- Nedim Şener , journalist ( Posta ), imprisoned from March 2011 to March 2012
- Ahmet Şık , investigative journalist ( Cumhuriyet ), imprisoned from March 2011 to March 2012 and from December 2016 to 2018
- Peter Steudtner , German human rights activist, imprisoned from July to October 2017
- Soner Yalçın , journalist ( Oda TV , Hürriyet ), imprisoned from February 2011 to December 2012
- Deniz Yücel , journalist ( world ), imprisoned from February 2017 to February 2018
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- Silivri Open Prison on the Turkish Ministry of Justice website
- Closed type L penal institutions Silivri № 1 , № 2 , № 3 , № 4 , № 5 , № 6 , № 7 and № 8 on the website of the Turkish Ministry of Justice
- Silivri Closed Prison on the Turkish Ministry of Justice website
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