|Area :||1.55 km²|
|Geographic location :||51 ° 43 ′ N , 16 ° 15 ′ E|
(June 30, 2019)
|Postal code :||67-407|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 65|
|License plate :||FWS|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Leszno - Głogów|
|Next international airport :||Poznań-Ławica|
|Gminatype:||Urban and rural municipality|
|Gmina structure:||9 localities|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Population density :||51 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||0812023|
|Administration (as of 2015)|
|Mayor :||Elżbieta Rahnefeld|
Szlichtyngowa [ ʃlixtɨŋˈgɔva ], German Schlichtingsheim , is a town with 1,300 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2014) in the powiat Wschowski of the Polish Lubusz voivodeship .
The city lies halfway between Głogów (Glogau) and Leszno (Lissa) and two kilometers north of the mouth of the Bartsch (Barycz) in the Oder .
Schlichtingsheim was a settlement of Protestant exiles who fled to Poland during the recatholization of Silesia in the Thirty Years' War . 1.5 km behind the border, in Greater Poland , the owner of the Gurschen (Gorczyna) manor, Johann Georg von Schlichting (Jerzy Szlichtyng in Polish), chief judge of the Fraustädter district, founded a town with the permission of the Polish King Władysław IV. Wasa in 1644 that got his name. The original name of the settlement was Schlichtinkowo , but the German name was just as common. Schlichting laid down civil rights as well as the statutes of the guilds of the various trades. The city was laid out around a rectangular market square with regular streets and originally covered an area of 14 hectares. In 1653, King Johann II Casimir granted Schlichtingsheim the privilege of defeat for linen and linen products.
In 1793 the city came to Prussia , in 1806 it came to the Duchy of Warsaw and finally in 1815 back to Prussia. By marrying a baroness von Schlichting, the town came into the possession of a Herr Cannabens in the 18th century.
Until the dissolution of the province of Posen as a result of the Treaty of Versailles , the small town incorporated in the Fraustadt district belonged to this province. Subsequently belonging to the province of Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia , Schlichtingsheim came to the province of Silesia on October 1, 1938 .
The town had been connected to the railway network since 1906, and the route from Glogau to Guhrau led via Schlichtingsheim. Schlichtingsheim was a city of handicrafts that remained small and tranquil. Its inhabitants were almost exclusively Germans. It was not until 1927 that a town hall was built in Schlichtingsheim.
Towards the end of World War II , Schlichtingsheim was occupied by the Red Army in the spring of 1945 . The city was then placed under Polish administration and renamed Szlichtyngowa . The remaining German residents were then evicted by the local Polish administrative authority .
Marketplace, with a water pump (in the foreground)
Annual population before and after 1945
- 1793: 748
- 1800: 773, including 134 Jews
- 1816: 810
- 1843: 987
- 1861: 1.102
- 1905: 748
- 1925: 953
- 1939: 1,038 (on 0.54 km²)
- 1961: 1,017 (on 1.47 km²)
- 1970: 1,220
- 2004: 1,348
- 2005: 1,363
- 2014: 1,320
The Protestant congregation had access to the historic wooden church until 1945, which dates back to the time the city was founded and was donated by Johann Georg von Schlichting.The Protestant pastors who worked in Schlichtingsheim from 1645 to around 1780 are known by name .
The previously Protestant church was expropriated after the end of the Second World War and made available to the Catholic community. It burned down on April 14, 1995. At the end of 2002, the construction of a new church, the design of which is based on the previous building, was completed.
Municipality ( Gmina Szlichtyngowa )
The urban and rural municipality Szlichtyngowa covers an area of 100 km² with 5,161 inhabitants. These include the following localities ( German names until 1945 ):
The Szlichtyngowa station was just like the Dryżyna stop on the Bojanowo – Odrzycko railway line , while the Stare Drzewce service station was on the Łódź – Forst railway line .
- Gustav Santo (1802–1856), German-Baltic pastor, teacher and author
- Fabian Feilchenfeld (1827–1910), state rabbi of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
- Heinrich Wuttke : City book of the country Posen. Codex diplomaticus: General history of the cities in the region of Poznan. Historical news from 149 individual cities . Leipzig 1864, pp. 435-436.
- Homepage of the city of Szlichtyngowa .
- Homepage of the Catholic parish Szlichtyngowa
- Pictures of the church before, during and after the fire
- ↑ a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- ^ A b c d e Heinrich Wuttke : City book of the country of Posen. Codex diplomaticus: General history of the cities in the region of Poznan. Historical news from 149 individual cities . Leipzig 1864, pp. 435-436.
- ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. fraustadt.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- ^ A b Siegismund Justus Erhardt: Presbyterology of Evangelical Silesia . Part III, Volume 1: Protestant Church and Preacher History of the City and the Principality of Gros-Glogau . Liegnitz 1783, pp. 242-249.