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Vinxtbach estuary

Vinxtbach estuary

Water code DE : 27174
location Rhineland-Palatinate , Germany
River system Rhine
Drain over Rhine  → North Sea
source South-southwest of Schalkenbach -Obervinxt and east of the vein
50 ° 28 ′ 57 ″  N , 7 ° 7 ′ 9 ″  E
Source height 398  m above sea level NHN
muzzle At Rheineck Castle between Bad Breisig and Brohl-Lützing in the Rhine Coordinates: 50 ° 30 '5 "  N , 7 ° 18' 42"  E 50 ° 30 '5 "  N , 7 ° 18' 42"  E
Mouth height 52  m above sea level NHN
Height difference 346 m
Bottom slope 18 ‰
length 19.1 km
Catchment area 45.472 km²

The Vinxtbach is a 19 km long brook that rises south-southwest of Schalkenbach -Obervinxt and east of the Adert and flows into the Rhine at Rheineck Castle between Bad Breisig and Brohl-Lützing .

The name Vinxt is derived from the Latin finis for border . In Roman times the brook marked the border between the provinces of Upper and Lower Germany, and in the Middle Ages it was at times that between the duchies of Upper and Lower Lorraine . Today the Vinxtbach is considered the dialect border ( Vinxtbach line ). Ripuarian dialects are spoken to the north of him and Moselle-Franconian dialects to the south .

History and importance in Roman times

After the conquest of Gaul by Caesar (58–51 BC) the area on the left bank of the Rhine was part of the Roman Empire . The military administration divided it into a Lower Germanic army district ( Exercitus Germaniae inferioris ) and an Upper Germanic one as a result of the Clades Variana . Between AD 82 and AD 87 (probably around AD 83/84), Emperor Domitian finally converted the military districts into the civil law provinces of Germania Superior ( Upper Germany ) with the capital Mogontiacum ( Mainz ) and Germania Inferior (Lower Germany ) with the capital Colonia Agrippina ( Cologne ). The Vinxtbach formed the border between the provinces (as probably before between the military districts). The brook was crossed by a ford from the Roman Rhine Valley Road, which was secured on both sides of the brook by a beneficiary station . Opposite the Vinxtbach estuary, on the right bank of the Rhine in the area of ​​today's Rheinbrohl , the Upper Germanic-Raetian Limes began . The first fortification near the Caput limitis , the beginning of the Limes, was the small fort Rheinbrohl . Down the Rhine to the north, the left bank of the Rhine belonged to the Roman Empire, the right to Germania magna .

The beneficiaries left three consecration stones on which the provincial border is documented in writing. Parts of one of these consecration stones are in the St. Marien Church in Bad Breisig -Niederbreisig. The location itself is marked with an information board. The inscription on the stone reads
"Finibus et / Genio loci / et I (ovi) O (ptimo) M (aximo) milit (es) / leg (ionis) XXX U (lpiae) V (ictricis) / M (arcus) Massiani / us Secundus / et T (itus) Aurelius / Dosso / v (otum) s (olverunt) l (ibentes) m (erito) ",
" To the guardian spirit of the borders and the place and Jupiter the best and greatest have the soldiers of the 30. Legion with the surnames the Ulpische, the victorious, Marcus Massianius Secundus and Titus Aurelius Dosso fulfills their vows gladly and for a fee. "

The second stone contains the text
“[Ge] ni [o] l [oc] i / e [t Fi] ni [b] us / et I (ovi) O (ptimo) M (aximo) / T (itus) Fl (avius) Vere / cundus / e [t] M (arcus) Dom (itius) / Atto mil (ites) [leg (ionis?) ",
" Titus Flavius ​​Verecundus and Marcus Domitius have the protective spirit of the place and the borders Atto, soldiers of the Legion ... "

The inscription on the third stone reads
“I (ovi) O (ptimo) M (aximo) / et Genio loci / Iunoni Reginae / Tertinius / Severus / mil (es) leg (ionis) VIII Aug (ustae) / b (ene) f (iciarius) co (n) s (ularis) ex voto / p (osuit) v (otum) s (olvit) l (ibens) l (aetus) m (erito) ",
German: " Jupiter the best and the greatest and the Guardian spirit of the place (and) Queen Juno (has) Tertinius Severus, soldier of the 8th Legion, consular beneficiary, because of a vow (this stone) set up (and thus) gladly, joyfully and honorably fulfilled his vow. "

In ancient times the name of the Vinxtbach was probably Obrinkas ; the geographer Claudius Ptolemy mentions this name four times in his Geographike Hyphegesis :
The place of the mouth of the river Obrinkas (Vinxtbach) coming from the west [is at] 28 ° 50 '. [...] The part of the land along the Rhine that extends from the sea to the Obrinkas River is called Lower Germany. [...] The country from the Obrinkas river to the south is called Upper Germany. "

Web links

Commons : Vinxtbach  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. a b Map service of the landscape information system of the Rhineland-Palatinate Nature Conservation Administration (LANIS map) ( notes )
  2. a b GeoExplorer of the Rhineland-Palatinate Water Management Authority ( information )
  3. ^ Tilmann Bechert : From Vinxtbach to Cologne . In: Tilmann Bechert and Willem JH Willems: The Roman border between the Moselle and the North Sea coast . Theiss, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8062-1189-2 , p. 29.
  4. ^ Tilmann Bechert: Germania Inferior. A province on the northern border of the Roman Empire . Zabern, Mainz 2007, ISBN 978-3-8053-2400-7 , p. 27f. and p. 30.
  5. CIL 13, 07732
  6. ^ Dieter Planck , Willi Beck: The Limes in Southwest Germany . 2nd completely revised edition, Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-8062-0496-9 , p. 107.
  7. CIL 13, 07713
  8. CIL 13, 07731
  9. ^ Claudius Ptolemy : Geographike Hyphegesis , 2nd book, 9.2.2, 9.2.8 and 9.2.9. On-line