Wilhelm Gustav of Anhalt-Dessau
Wilhelm Gustav was the first of ten children of Prince Leopold I of Anhalt-Dessau and his wife Anna Luise Föhse . In 1706 he received his patent as a cavalryman and in 1712 accompanied his father in the campaign against France . In 1713 he received a company in the Gens d'armes regiment of the Prussian army . In 1715 he received the regiment on horseback "von Pannewitz" , but after a few days he exchanged this for the du Portailsche regiment on horseback . In 1719 he took part in the Turkish War in Hungary. In the same year he was awarded the Order of the Black Eagle . In 1734 and 1735 he was under Prince Eugen Volontair in the war against France. Wilhelm Gustav died of smallpox in 1737.
Wilhelm Gustav was the actual heir to the throne, but died ten years before his father. He secretly married the commoner Johanne Sophie Herre (1706–1795) in a night action in 1726 . This morganatic marriage was officially concealed at first. The children who sprang from this marriage were passed over in the succession so that the reign later fell to his brother Leopold Maximilian . Only after his death in 1737 did the widow, all three daughters and six sons receive the title of Count or Countess of Anhalt. Two other illegitimate sons were raised to the nobility by the Prussian King Friedrich II under the name "von Anhalt".
- Wilhelm (1727–1760), killed in the battle of Torgau as a Prussian lieutenant colonel
- Leopold Ludwig (1729–1795), Prussian general, knight of the Black Eagle Order ⚭ Caroline Elisabeth Antoinette von Printzen (1734–1799), daughter of Johann Friedrich von Printzen
- Gustav (born May 26, 1730; † November 22, 1757 in the Battle of Breslau ), captain in the infantry regiment "von Derschau"
- Johanna Sophie (1731–1786), Abbess of Mosigkau
- Friedrich (1732–1794), Adjutant General of the Russian Empress
- Wilhelmine (February 12, 1734; † June 4, 1781) ⚭ August Wolfrath von Campen (1730–1779), son of Albert Wolfgang von Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg
- Albrecht (1735–1802), Prussian major general ⚭ Sophie Luise Henriette von Wedel (1750–1773), daughter of Christian Heinrich von Wedel
- Heinrich (September 4, 1736 - September 14, 1758), Prussian captain
- Leopoldine Anne (born January 26, 1738; † September 26, 1808) ⚭ 1773 Georg Dietrich von Pfuhl (1723–1782)
The following illegitimate children resulted from his relationship with Henriette Marianne Schardius, daughter of the Superintendent of Dessau:
- Karl Philipp (1732–1806), Prussian major general ⚭ Friederike Albertine von Wedel (1751–1825), daughter of Carl Heinrich von Wedel
- Heinrich Wilhelm (1734–1801), Prussian general of the infantry ⚭ Caroline Friederike von Wedel (1748–1780), daughter of Carl Heinrich von Wedel
- Paul Herre : The secret marriage of the Hereditary Prince Wilhelm Gustav of Anhalt-Dessau and the Imperial Counts of Anhalt. Based on the original from 1933, Funk-Verlag Hein, Dessau 2006, ISBN 3-939197-07-6 .
- Anton Balthasar König : Wilhelm Gustav von Anhalt-Dessau . In: Biographical lexicon of all heroes and military figures who made themselves famous in the Prussian service . tape 1 . Arnold Wever, Berlin 1788, p. 47 ( Wilhelm Gustav von Anhalt-Dessau at Wikisource [PDF]).
- Karl Friedrich Pauli : Life of great heroes of the current war. Volume 7, Halle 1761, pp. 113-136.
- Caesar Dietrich von Witzleben : Anhalt, von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 1, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1875, p. 462 f.
- Journal of the Arts, Science, and History of War. Volume 10, 1827, p. 127 ( digitized version )
- Literature by and about Wilhelm Gustav von Anhalt-Dessau in the catalog of the German National Library
- Correspondence and other documents from Wilhelm Gustav von Anhalt-Dessau in the State Archives Saxony-Anhalt, Dessau department
|SURNAME||Wilhelm Gustav of Anhalt-Dessau|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Wilhelm Gustav Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Prussian Lieutenant General, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 20, 1699|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dessau|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 16, 1737|
|Place of death||Dessau|