Wilhelm Nokk

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Wilhelm Nokk

Wilhelm Nokk (born November 30, 1832 in Bruchsal , † February 12, 1903 in Karlsruhe ) was a Baden lawyer and politician .


Nokk was born as the son of the grammar school director and member of the Second Chamber of the Baden Estates Assembly, Anton Nokk . His brother was the judge Rudolf Nokk . After studying law at the universities of Freiburg , Bonn and Heidelberg , Wilhelm Nokk entered the civil service of the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1855 . During his studies he became a member of the Frankonia fraternity in Bonn in 1851 and of the Teutonia Freiburg fraternity in 1853 . From 1862 he was on the high school board, from 1865 in the Ministry of the Interior. In 1867, only 35 years old, he was appointed Ministerial Councilor. From 1867 to 1870 he was a member of the Second Chamber of the Baden Estates Assembly for the National Liberal Party - the proponents of unification under the leadership of Prussia - which is remarkable since Nokk was Catholic. About two thirds of the Baden population was Catholic and the Catholic Church in Baden was a staunch opponent of Baden joining the Prussian and therefore Evangelical dominated German Empire , which was founded in 1871. The Protestant Grand Duke Friedrich therefore regarded the Catholics as "enemies of the Reich". The conflict between the Grand Duchy of Baden and the Catholic Church, which had been simmering for years, resulted in the particularly fierce culture war in Baden . In this situation, Wilhelm Nokk tried to mediate between the Grand Duke and the Archbishop of Freiburg, Johann Baptist Orbin . In 1874 Nokk became director of the high school board and on April 20, 1881 he joined the Baden state government. There he took over the management of the combined Ministry of Justice, Culture and Education, which he exercised for twenty years without interruption until June 1901. Reforms in primary and secondary schools as well as the expansion of teaching at the Polytechnic in Karlsruhe, which became the Technical University in 1885, can be counted among his achievements . In addition, in 1882 he arranged for the Baden art monuments to be recorded and, in 1883, together with the archivist Ferdinand von Weech (* 1837; † 1905) the establishment of the "Baden Historical Commission". During his time as minister, the art school was transformed into the Academy of Fine Arts. At the same time as his ministerial offices, Nokk was an authorized representative in the Federal Council in Berlin and from March 7, 1893 to June 1901, as successor to Friedrich Turban, President of the Baden State Ministry (Minister of State), i.e. Prime Minister . Nokk's policy was generally shaped by the spirit of Baden liberalism. Wilhelm Nokk died less than two years after leaving the government. His grave is in the main cemetery in Karlsruhe , the tomb was designed by Fridolin Dietsche .

His daughter Minna Nokk married the Reich judge Ernst Heydweiller , a grandson of the Baden State Minister Karl Friedrich Nebenius .

He was the brother-in-law of the future Minister of State (Chairman of the Baden State Government = Prime Minister) Heinrich von und zu Bodman , as his first marriage in 1861 was his sister Klara von und zu Bodman (1842-62).


Tomb in the main cemetery in Karlsruhe
  • December 22, 1896 honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Science and Mathematics at Heidelberg University
  • July 16, 1901 honorary citizen of the city of Karlsruhe
  • 1901 honorary citizen of the city of Heidelberg
  • 1906 Naming of a street in the south-west of Karlsruhe


  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Sub-Volume 4: M-Q. Winter, Heidelberg 2000, ISBN 3-8253-1118-X , pp. 222-224.
  • Walter Killy, Rudolf Vierhaus (Ed.): German Biographical Encyclopedia . KG Saur Verlag, Munich 1998, p. 432.
  • Merz, Hans-Georg:  Nokk, Franz Wilhelm. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 19, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-428-00200-8 , p. 325 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Heinrich Hauß and Adolf J. Schmid : Badisches Kalendarium from day to day . DRW Verlag Weinbrenner, Leinfelden-Echterdingen, 2006, p. 244.
  • Frank Engehausen: A Brief History of the Grand Duchy of Baden 1806-1918 . DRW Verlag Weinbrenner, Leinfelden-Echterdingen, 2005
  • Wilhelm Nokk ”, in: Albert Krieger (Ed.): Badische Biographien , Part VI (1902–1911), Heidelberg 1927, p. 495 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Anett Beckmann: Mentality-historical and aesthetic investigations of the tomb sculpture of the Karlsruhe main cemetery , KIT Scientific Publishing, Karlsruhe 2006, ISBN 9783866440326 , p. 169, preview in the Google book search
  2. http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz72302.html