|Nickname : Ypsi, Ypsitucky|
Historic East Cross Street Depot
|Location in Michigan|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Washtenaw County|
|Coordinates :||42 ° 15 ′ N , 83 ° 37 ′ W|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||22,362 (as of: 2000)|
|Population density :||1,961.6 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||11.7 km 2 (about 5 mi 2 ) of
which 11.4 km 2 (about 4 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||219 m|
|Postcodes :||48197, 48198|
|Area code :||+1 734|
|GNIS ID :||1616910|
|Mayor :||Paul Schreiber|
Ypsilanti [ɪpsɨˈlænti] is a city in Washtenaw County in the US state of Michigan .
It lies at the crossing of Michigan Avenue on the Huron River about 7.5 km from the the county seat ( the county seat ) Ann Arbor and west of 60 km around Detroit area. 19,435 inhabitants (as of 2010) live on a total area of 11.7 km², which results in a population density of 1,698 inhabitants / km².
The place was named after Dimitrios Ypsilantis , a participant in the Greek Revolution , which took place from 1821 to 1829.
In 1809 the place was founded as a trading post. Since 1823, the place was inhabited year-round under the name Woodruff's Grove. In 1825 the town of Ypsilanti was founded nearby. Woodruff's Grove and Ypsilanti merged in 1829 under the name Ypsilanti. In 1849 the Michigan State Normal School (today: Eastern Michigan University ) was founded. In 1890, the tram connection between Ypsilanti and Ann Arbor was opened as the first city-wide tram line.
Ypsilanti's economy was shaped by the automotive industry. Between 1920 and 1922, ACE brand cars were produced by Apex Motors . The Ypsilanti Machine Tool Company of Preston Tucker developed the prototype of the "Tucker Torpedo cars". This story was processed by Francis Ford Coppola in the film Tucker: The Man and His Dream .
In 1945 Henry J. Kaiser and Joseph W. Frazer acquired Ypsilanti's Willow Run, where the B-24 Liberator bombers were built, and began production of Kaiser and Frazer cars in 1947. In 1953 the company merged with Willys-Overland and production was stopped at the Ypsilanti site. General Motors took over the production facilities and since then has been producing automatic transmissions in the “Willow Run Assembly Plant” as the “Powertrain division”, formerly “Hydra-Matic division”. GM Powertrain also has a development center at the Ypsilanti site, which is gradually being relocated to the new development center in Pontiac (Michigan) .
Eastern Michigan University psychologist Milton Rokeach published his book The Three Christs of Ypsilanti based on an experiment in 1959 in which he placed three psychiatric patients who all believed themselves to be Jesus facing each other in a room.
In 1962, school psychologist David P. Weikart started the High / Scope Perry Preschool Project .
sons and daughters of the town
- Edward P. Allen (1839-1909), politician
- Walter B. Pitkin (1878–1953), psychologist, journalist and author
- George S. Dole (1885-1928), wrestler
- Marie Tharp (1920–2006), scientist
- Iggy Pop (* 1947), real name James Newell "Jim" Osterberg, punk rock musician
- Barbara Morrison (* 1952), jazz singer
- Carol Fox (born 1956), figure skater
- Zeke Jones (born 1966), wrestler
- Dan Williams (born 1969), American football player
- Shara Worden (* 1974), singer and multi-instrumentalist
- Adam Gase (* 1978), American football coach
- Ryan Shay (1979-2007), long-distance runner
- Katherine Young (* 1980), improvisation musician and composer
- Christopher Hirata (* 1982), cosmologist and astrophysicist
- Timothy Granaderos (born 1986), actor
- Tiffany Porter (* 1987), British hurdler
- Ella Anderson (* 2005), child actress
- ↑ Benjamin Maack: Breakthroughs of the Crazy ; one day . Spiegel-Online, January 19, 2010
- ↑ Reto U. Schneider : The experiment - my name is Joseph Cassel. I am God. In: NZZ Folio 12/2003
- ↑ Arno Frank : Crazy Experiment - Three Jesuses meet. In: one day , Spiegel Online from November 2, 2012