Calendar overview 718
|Arabs give up the siege of Constantinople .|
|718 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||166/167 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1261/62 (southern Buddhism); 1260/61 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||56th (57th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||80/81 (turn of the year April)|
|Iranian calendar||96/97 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||99/100 (2/3 August)|
|Jewish calendar||4478/79 (August 31 / September 1)|
ab urbe condita MCDLXXI (1471)
Diocletian's era : 434/435 (turn of the year November)
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1028/29 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1029/30 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||774/775 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Islamic expansion / reconquista
- August 15th : After the defeat by the Bulgarian ruler Khan Tervel , the Arabs give up the siege of Constantinople .
- Pelayo is raised by his followers in Asturias to the "prince" ( princeps ) or king and thus founded the Kingdom of Asturias . The Reconquista begins .
- In response to the Saxon devastation of the Lower Lorraine Gau Hatteri (Hatuarien) from 715, Karl Martell undertook an army expedition to Saxony , which was devastated as far as the Weser .
- Osric becomes King of Northumbria , replacing Cenred .
- The Yōrō Codex , a collection of laws that shaped ancient Japan , is compiled and named after the era ( Yōrō period from November 17, 717 to February 4, 724 ).
- Synod of Dowin, first mention of the Paulikian movement by church officials
- Wilfrid replaces John von Beverley , who is retiring to the convent, as Bishop of York ; he strives, initially in vain, to be promoted to archbishopric.
- On the question of the pictorial representation of saints , there is a first dispute between Emperor Leo III. (Byzantium) , who advocates the complete abolition of these images, and the Patriarch Germanos I of Constantinople .
Culture and society
- Sushi is mentioned for the first time in a Japanese government document.
nature and environment
- Kōken , Japanese Empress († 770 )
- Constantine V , Byzantine Emperor († 775 )
- Ōtomo no Yakamochi , Japanese poet of the Nara period († 785 )
- March 27 : Rupert , first bishop of Salzburg (* around 650 )
- June 30 : Erentrudis of Salzburg , Benedictine, saint (* around 650 )
- Cenred , King of Northumbria