Sir Alexander Korda , born Sándor László Kellner or Sándor Korda (born September 16, 1893 in Pusztatúrpásztó , Hungary ; † January 23, 1956 in London ) was a Hungarian-British film producer and film director who for many years was one of the most important figures in the British film industry belonged to. He was the brother of the director Zoltan Korda and the film architect Vincent Korda and the uncle of the publisher and writer Michael Korda .
Alexander Korda, who worked in the film industry like his two older brothers, came from the Jewish Kellner family. He had previously worked as a journalist and joined the film industry in Budapest in 1912, where he wrote subtitles for silent films, among other things . From 1914 he directed his own films and soon became one of the most successful Hungarian directors. In 1917 he founded the Corvin production company.
After the collapse of the Danube monarchy , he was appointed commissioner for film affairs in the civil-social-democratic government under Mihály Károlyi . In the following socialist Soviet republic under Béla Kun , he kept the post of "director for film art" and pushed through the nationalization of the film industry. After the overthrow of the council government in August 1919, he was imprisoned, but under pressure from his wife Maria he was released after a short time and was able to leave for Austria. There he resumed his directorial work.
Korda's Viennese period began with a film adaptation of Mark Twain's Prince and Beggar Boy . He realized various major projects at Count Sascha Kolowrat-Krakowsky's Sascha-Film . His most elaborate work in 1922 was the twelve million crown biblical epic Samson and Delilah . He also built his wife, María Corda , to become the star of German-language films.
In 1923 Korda, who now translated his first name Sándor into Alexander, came to Berlin . Among other things, he shot a Dubarry from today with Hans Albers and Marlene Dietrich . In 1926 he accepted an offer to Hollywood , but returned to Europe four years later after various arguments with his studio.
He first went to France, where he directed two films, and settled in London in 1932. Here he was given a free hand in the staging and production of his films and built up Denham Film Studios . In 1933 his first global hit, the period film The Private Life of Henry VIII , appeared, which Charles Laughton helped achieve.
Korda then developed into the dominant figure in the British film industry. His brother Zoltan Korda's adventure and colonial films were particularly popular with audiences. As a producer, he sought young talent, in the 1930s he promoted young actors and directors such as Laurence Olivier , David Lean and Carol Reed . Occasionally, as in the biographies, he staged The Private Life of Don Juan (1934) with Douglas Fairbanks senior. and Rembrandt with again Charles Laughton. Also, Vivien Leigh , Ralph Richardson and Flora Robson got their start in his production company, London Film Productions .
In 1940, when he was busy with his lavish production The Thief of Baghdad , he went to the USA because of the threat of war and had his work completed there. The trick-technically sophisticated film, staged by three directors, was awarded three Oscars.
In the USA, after Lord Nelson's Last Love (1941) with Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier , Korda concentrated almost exclusively on his production activities . In 1942, the native Hungarian was the first personality in the film world to be beaten by the English royal family to become a Knight Bachelor ("Sir"). With Samuel Goldwyn , head of the United Artists , Korda had founded the Korda-Goldwyn Corporation .
After the end of the war he lived in London again and continued to produce significant works, including The Third Man (1949) with Joseph Cotten and Orson Welles . In the post-war period he was mostly limited to his role as Executive Producer of London Films .
After his first marriage to Maria Corda, he married the Indian-born English actress Merle Oberon . His third wife was Alexandra Boycun. His son Peter Vincent Korda was born in 1921.
Sir Alexander Korda died in 1956 at the age of 62 after a heart attack . He was in the Golders Green Crematorium in London Borough of Barnet cremated and scattered there on a field.
- 1918: The Red Crescent ( Az Aranyember )
- 1920: Prince and beggar boy
- 1921: Lords of the Seas
- 1922: A sunken world
- 1922: Samson and Delilah
- 1924: Everyone's wife
- 1924: Tragedy in the Habsburg family
- 1025: my wife's dancer
- 1926: Madame does not want children
- 1927: A Dubarry from today
- 1927: The Love Life of Helen of Troy ( The Private Life of Helen of Troy )
- 1928: Night Watch
- 1930: Lilies of the Field
- 1931: Marius (joint direction with Marcel Pagnol )
- 1933: The Private Life of Henry VIII. ( The Private Life of Henry VIII. )
- 1934: The Private Life of Don Juan ( The Private Life of Don Juan )
- 1936: Rembrandt
- 1936: Fire Over England ( Fire Over England )
- 1941: Lord Nelson's Last Love ( That Hamilton Woman )
- 1945: Perfect Strangers
- 1947: An Ideal Husband ( An Ideal Husband )
Films as a producer
- 1934: The Private Life of the Gannets - Director: Julian Huxley (short film)
- 1934: Katharina der Große ( The Rise of Catherine the Great ) - Director: Paul Czinner
- 1934: The Scarlet Flower ( The Scarlett Pimpernel ) - Director: Harold Young
- 1935: A Ghost Goes West ( The Ghost Goes West ) - Director: René Clair
- 1936: The Man Who Could Work Miracles ( The Man Who Could Work Miracles ) - Director: Lothar Mendes
- 1936: What will come ( Things to Come )
- 1937: I, Claudius - Director: Josef von Sternberg
- 1937: Tatjana (Knight without armor)
- 1937: The Elephant Boy ( Elephant Boy ) - Director: Zoltan Korda
- 1938: Danger at the Doro Pass ( The Drum ) - Director: Zoltan Korda
- 1939: Vier Federn ( The Four Feathers ) - Director: Zoltan Korda
- 1939: Test flight QE 97 ( Q Planes ) - Directed by Tim Whelan and Arthur B. Woods
- 1940: The Thief of Baghdad ( The Thief of Bagdad ) - Director: Ludwig Berger , Michael Powell , Tim Whelan
- 1941: A Woman's Heart Never Forgets ( Lydia ) - Director: Julien Duvivier
- 1942: To be or not ( To Be or Not to Be ) - Director: Ernst Lubitsch
- 1942: The Jungle Book ( Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book ) - Director: Zoltan Korda
- 1948: Anna Karenina - Director: Julien Duvivier
- 1949: The Third Man ( The Third Man ) - Director: Carol Reed
- 1955: Life is full of wonder (A Kid for Two Farthings)
- 1955: Storm Over the Nile ( Storm Over the Nile ) - Director: Zoltan Korda
- Michael Korda: ... and always only the best. The turbulent life of the Kordas, the most glamorous clan in film history (OT: Charmed Lives. A Family Romance ). Heyne, Munich 1984, ISBN 3-453-01984-9
- Literature by and about Alexander Korda in the catalog of the German National Library
- Alexander Korda in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Filmography with photos at filmportal.de
- Entry on Alexander Korda at litkult1920er.aau.at , a project of the University of Klagenfurt
- Katja Nicodemus : Alexander Korda's 125th birthday. A cosmopolitan film producer. Deutschlandfunk from September 16, 2018, accessed on April 20, 2019.
- Hollywood green with envy in Der Spiegel, March 9, 1949. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- ↑ according to the biography on film-zeit.de
- ↑ according to Kay Less : The film's great personal dictionary
- ^ London Film Production. Schweizer Film = Film Suisse: official organ of Switzerland, accessed on June 11, 2020 .
- ^ Korda-Goldwyn Corporation. Retrieved June 8, 2020 .
- ↑ Alexander Korda in the Find a Grave database . Retrieved September 7, 2017.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Waiter, Sándor Laszlo; Korda, Sándor|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Hungarian-British film producer and film director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 16, 1893|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Pusztatúrpásztó , Hungary|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 23, 1956|
|Place of death||London|