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City of Friesoythe
Altenoythe Coat of Arms
Coordinates: 53 ° 2 ′ 5 ″  N , 7 ° 52 ′ 45 ″  E
Height : 7 m above sea level NN
Area : 63 km²
Residents : 2472  (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 39 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : March 1, 1974
Postal code : 26169
Area code : 04491
Altenoythe (Lower Saxony)

Location of Altenoythe in Lower Saxony

Altenoythe is a district of the municipality of Friesoythe in the district of Cloppenburg in Lower Saxony . The entire community belongs to the Oldenburger Münsterland . The local church is one of the oldest churches in northern Germany.


The earliest documented mention of Altenoythe comes from 1014, in which the taxes to be paid to the Corvey monastery are mentioned.

The place has probably existed for much longer: Altenoythe was probably an " old Saxon settlement " and belonged to the Lerigau . The Chauken , which originally settled in the greater part of the Oldenburger Land , were "moved" by the Saxons in the 4th century.

After Charlemagne (* probably April 2, 747 or 748; † January 28, 814 in Aachen) from 780 AD onwards nine mission districts for the Christianization of the subject Saxons were established, Abbot Gerbert Castus from the Visbek mission cell - the apostle of the Oldenburger Münsterland - the first parishes in the area founded. These counted in Lerigau as Catholic St. Vitus - community , the parish Barnstorf. At that time it was a simple wooden church , of which only remains can be found today under the Romanesque stone church built in the 12th century . Particularly noteworthy are the late Gothic vault and wall paintings, the hand-carved late Gothic altar, the epitaph of the von Kobrink families, as well as the famous grave slab of Anne von Fikenholt, née. from Kobrink. The grave slab is unprotected outside next to the sacristy.

In 855 Visbek and thus Altenoythe were subordinated to the Corvey Monastery near Höxter .

The Abbey Corvey was their manorial not argue and was by the Count of Oldenburg replaced. Successors to the Oldenburg rulers were the Counts of Tecklenburg around 1150 . They built a castle , and Friesoythe developed around it and protected it .

At times, the municipality included the present-day places Bösel , Thüle, Friesoythe , Kampe , Harkebrugge and Edewechterdamm .

Daughter parishes of the St. Vitus parish are Friesoythe (1619), Bösel (1873/74), Harkebrugge and possibly Barßel (14th century).

In the middle of the 16th century, the Lutheran faith was introduced in Altenoythe . This belief found many adherents, and the subsequent reintroduction of the Catholic faith met with opposition. The owners of the Altenoythe estate , the von Kobrinck family , had turned to the Lutheran faith during the Reformation and later remained Protestant when Altenoythe was already Catholic again. The von Kobrinks castle existed until 1840. The castle is located on Hof Duen on the border with Meyerhof.

During the Thirty Years' War the Christmas battle took place in Altenoythe in 1623 , during which Mansfeld's troops were expelled from the Oldenburg Münsterland , whereupon he disbanded them in early 1624.

In 1619 Friesoythe was "parish off" for the first time. In 1679 the final parish took place after Pastor Hanschen had temporarily withdrawn the parish. In 1668 the Vitus Church was rebuilt in Gothic style and a choir was added.

St. Vitus from 1668

The census of 1858 showed the population of 1928 inhabitants. Altenoythe was at that time the largest municipality in the surrounding area before the municipality of Friesoythe.

In 1804 the Thüle peasantry separated politically .

After the church in Bösel was built in 1873/74, Bösel was also " parish off " from Altenoythe , but the communities of Bösel and Altenoythe were reunited in 1936. After the Second World War , both parishes became independent again.

In 1934 the church, the cemetery and the immediate vicinity of the church were placed under monument protection by the then Oldenburg Ministry of the Interior .

From 1954 the St. Vitus congregation Altenoythe belonged to the Deanery Friesoythe.

In 1972 another Catholic church was built in Altenoythe, the larger Trinity Church . This has served as the main church since then.

Choir of the Holy Trinity Church in Altenoythe

On March 1, 1974, the political community Altenoythe was dissolved as part of the community reform. Since then, Altenoythe belongs to the city of Friesoythe , although the council of the municipality voted unanimously on February 1, 1972 against an affiliation. The related support from the Bundestag member Manfred Carstens was ultimately unsuccessful.

The St. Josefs Kapellengemeinde Kampe von Altenoythe has been part of the administration since 1986 .

On February 2, 2008, the church parishes of the Friesoyther urban area were united to form the large parish of St.-Marien-Friesoythe . This consists of the subsidiary communities St. Marien Friesoythe (from 1677), St. Vitus Altenoythe (from 855), St. Johannes Markhausen (from 1423), St. Johannes-Baptist Thüle (from 1922), St. Josef Kampe and St. Ludger Neuscharrel (from 1857).


After the end of World War II until the community was dissolved in 1974, Gerhard Stratmann was the community director of Altenoythe.

Since the local election on September 11, 2016, the mayor has been Dennis Delete (SPD).

Districts of the former municipality


Culture and sights


  • Schützenfest (last weekend in June, Sat., Sun., Mon.)
  • Farmers market
  • Sports week of the Altenoythe sports club
  • Legend game (02.10)

Sons and daughters of the place

  • Heinrich Cloppenburg (born April 11, 1844 in Altenoythe; † November 11, 1922 in The Hague, Netherlands), co-founder of the clothing store Peek & Cloppenburg in Rotterdam


  • Johann-Wilhelm Schmitz-Hübsch: The battle of Altenoythe on December 25 and 26, 1623. In: Yearbook for the Oldenburger Münsterland 1979. Vechta 1978, pp. 27–32
  • ALTENOYTHE. Catholic Church of St. Vitus. / Trinity Church. In: Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments . Bremen Lower Saxony. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich / Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-422-03022-0 , p. 129.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Website of the city of Friesoythe - Statistics ( )
  2. Michael Bönte: Abbot Gerbert Castus - A missionary from the second row. Church site ((former) online newspaper of the Münster diocese). October 29, 2004 ( Memento of May 3, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). Retrieved from the web archive on October 3, 2017.
  3. ^ Oldenburg official district . Retrieved October 14, 2013.
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 275 .
  5. NLA OL Rep 400 Order 138 No. 197 - Statements on the law… - Arcinsys detail page. Accessed January 30, 2018 .