Beira Baixa

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Beira Baixa
Map of the Beira Baixa sub-region
Basic data
Country PortugalPortugal Portugal
region Centro Region
Capital Castelo Branco
population 89,063 (2013)
Population density 19.3 inhabitants per km²
surface 4,614.62 km²
Circles 6th
Communities 59
ISO-3166-2 code PT-16H

The Beira Baixa ( German roughly: lower border area) is a statistical sub-region of Portugal . It is part of the Castelo Branco district . Beira Baixa borders in the north on Beiras e Serra da Estrela , in the east on Spain , in the south on Alto Alentejo , in the west on Médio Tejo and in the north-west on Região de Coimbra .

The sub-region is divided into 6 circles:

circle Number of
Density of
population / km²
Castelo Branco 19th 56.109 1,438.18 39 0502 Castelo Branco
Idanha-a-Nova 13 9,716 1,416.33 7th 0505 Castelo Branco
Oleiros 10 5,721 471.08 12 0506 Castelo Branco
Penamacor 9 5,682 563.72 10 0507 Castelo Branco
Proença-a-Nova 4th 8,314 395.40 21st 0508 Castelo Branco
Vila Velha de Ródão 4th 3,521 329.91 11 0511 Castelo Branco
Beira Baixa 59 89,063 4,614.62 19th 16H -

Beira Baixa was one of the eleven provinces of Portugal from 1936 to 1976 . It still exists today in colloquial language or in historical terms, such as the name of the railway line Linha da Beira Baixa .

Castelo Branco was the capital of the province, which essentially comprised the current district of Castelo Branco , plus a concelho (district) from Coimbra ( Pampilhosa da Serra ) and Santarém ( Mação ). Together with the Beira Alta bordering to the north and the Beira Litoral bordering to the west, it formed what is still often called Beiras today . Its southern neighbors were the provinces of Ribatejo in the southwest and Alto Alentejo in the south. In the east it bordered the Spanish provinces of Cáceres and Salamanca .

The Beira Beixa - unlike the mountainous, rugged Beira Alta - increasingly merges towards the south into the flat and drier Alentejo .

In contrast to the coastal region of Beira Litoral (German: Coastal Beira), the Beira Alta and the Beira Baixa are still referred to together as the Beira Interior (German: Inner Beira), which, in contrast to the coastal region, are structurally weak and subject to strong rural migration applies.

The name Beira (German roughly: edge area, border area or also shore) goes back to the time of the Reconquista , when this was a contested border area to the dominion of the Moors . From this time, and from the subsequent struggle for the independence of Portugal against its Spanish neighbors, the numerous medieval castles and granite stone- dominated castle villages of Beira Interior originate . Due to its seclusion and, in contrast to the coastal area, the cautious progress, traditions have been able to maintain stronger in many areas, for example in gastronomy, folk dance, folk music, and traditional legends.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans-Peter Burmeister: Portugal. 3rd edition, Dumont Art Travel Guide, Ostfildern 2008, page 209 ISBN 978-3-7701-4416-7
  2. Hugues Demeude / Thierry Perrin: Portugal. 1st edition, Taschen, Cologne 1999, page 100f ISBN 3-8228-7131-1