|Sub-region :||Viseu Dão-Lafoes|
|District :||Castelo Branco|
|Coordinates :||39 ° 55 ′ N , 7 ° 14 ′ W|
|Residents:||2347 (as of June 30, 2011)|
|Surface:||227.96 km² (as of January 1, 2010)|
|Population density :||10 inhabitants per km²|
|Address of the municipal administration:||Junta de Freguesia de Idanha-a-Nova
Av. Mouzinho Albuquerque 61
|Residents:||9716 (as of June 30, 2011)|
|Surface:||1 416.33 km² (as of January 1, 2010)|
|Population density :||6.9 inhabitants per km²|
|Number of municipalities :||13|
|Administration address:||Câmara Municipal de Idanha-a-Nova
Praça do Município
|President of the Câmara Municipal:||Armindo Moreira Palma Jacinto|
Idanha-a-Nova is a small town ( Vila ) and a district ( Concelho ) in the Portuguese district of Castelo Branco .
Idanha-a-Nova is 36 km east of the district capital Castelo Branco , in the highlands of the former province of Beira Baixa with its foothills of the Iberian Divide Mountains .
After Portugal's first king, D.Afonso Henriques , recaptured the bishopric of Idanha from the Moors in 1165 , he gave the area to Gualdim Pais on the condition that two castle villages be built to protect the place. This met the condition by building Monsanto on a hill to the north and another castle on an elevation south of the village. When it was founded in 1187, it was given the name Idanha-a-Nova (German: New Idanha), while Idanha was now called Idanha-a-Velha (German: Old Idanha). After Idanha-a-Velha lost its bishopric to Guarda as early as 1199 and subsequently increasingly lost its importance, the population of Idanha-a-Nova rose continuously.
In 1209 King D.Sancho I elevated the town to a vila . King Manuel I renewed the town charter in 1510. Since the middle of the 18th century, Idanha-a-Nova was an independent district (concelho), to which the district of Idanha-a-Velha was joined in 1935.
Culture and sights
In nearby Idanha-a-Velha, one of the historic villages of the Aldeias Históricas de Portugal , there are a number of protected monuments, including a Roman bridge, a Visigoth cathedral, and the fortress walls and tower. The mountain village of Monsanto, also an Aldeia Histórica , offers a number of architectural monuments, plus a wide view of the landscape.
In the nature reserve Parque Natural do Tejo Internacional (German: International Natural Park of the Tejo), which is partly in the area of the Idanha-a-Nova district, u. a. Bird watching operated. There and at many other points in the district there are various water sports, such as rafting . Hiking , hunting and riding are further leisure activities in the district.
The district's medicinal springs and thermal baths are known nationwide, the best known being those of Monfortinho . The area is also known for its cheese and bread specialties. Various cultural, folk dance and folk music festivals take place in the district.
Every two years in August, the Boom Festival , popular among techno and Goa fans and friends of modern art, takes place here on a charming lake between the old and new Idanha .
Every six months , the Idanha-a-Nova district publishes a culture brochure with dates and articles under the name Adufe , named after the traditional regional instrument Adufe .
Idanha-a-Nova is the seat of a district of the same name ( concelho ) in the Castelo Branco district . On June 30, 2011, the district had 9,716 inhabitants. The district of Idanha-a-Nova is the second largest district in the country with a total area of 1,416.3 km².
In the east the district borders on Spain , the Portuguese neighboring districts are (starting clockwise in the north): Penamacor , Castelo Branco and Fundão .
With the regional reform in September 2013, several municipalities were merged into new municipalities, so that the number of municipalities decreased from 17 to 13.
The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) are in Idanha-a-Nova County:
population / km²
|Aldeia de Santa Margarida||292||13.62||21st||050502|
|Idanha-a-Nova e Alcafozes||2,554||284.78||9||050518|
|Monfortinho e Salvaterra do Extremo||706||135.39||5||050519|
|União das Freguesias de Monsanto e Idanha-a-Velha||892||152.73||6th||050520|
|Sao Miguel de Acha||560||41.26||14th||050514|
|Zebreira e Segura||1,049||177.39||6th||050521|
|Population in Idanha-a-Nova County (1801–2011)|
- Third Monday after Easter Sunday
- Spain : Petrés , Valencia Province
- France : Vert-le-Grand , Essonne department
- Portugal : Horta , Azores
- Portugal : Condeixa-a-Nova , Coimbra District
The district of Idanha-a-Nova is located in the traditionally structurally weak border area with Spain. Agriculture is an important factor here, especially the cultivation of wheat , tomatoes , tobacco , olives , and fruits . Tourism is also important, for example in the Monfortinho thermal baths , in the historic villages ( Aldeias Históricas ) of Idanha-a-Velha and Monsanto, in rural tourism everywhere in the district, or at the campsite at the reservoir of the Idanha dam above the district town.
Logistics companies and manufacturing industries are located in the Idanha-a-Nova industrial park.
The administrative college Escola Superior de Gestão in Idanha-a-Nova is of national importance.
Idanha-a-Nova is located at the IC31, 30 km from junctions Lardosa and Alcains the A23 motorway away. These are also the next stops on the Linha da Beira Baixa railway line , next to the district capital, Castelo Branco.
Idanha-a-Nova is integrated into the national bus network of Rede Expressos .
The Monfortinho airfield is used exclusively by sport and private planes and is occasionally a stopover for sport flying competitions.
sons and daughters of the town
- José Silvestre Ribeiro (1807–1891), historian, military and liberal politician
- Teófilo Duarte (1898–1958), military and politician, one of the leaders of the Legião Portuguesa , and colonial minister of the Estado Novo regime
- Raul de Carvalho (1901-1984), actor
- Manuel de Paiva Boléo (1904–1992), linguist, philologist and university professor
- Catarina Chitas (1913–2003), shepherdess and popular singer, recordings published by the ethnologist Michel Giacometti
- Manuel d'Almeida Trindade (1918–2008), Bishop of Aveiro
- Luís Filipe de Castro Mendes (* 1950), diplomat and poet, Minister of Culture since 2016
- Map of the Freguesia Idanha-a-Nova at the Instituto Geográfico do Exército
- Official website of the city administration
- Visigothic cathedral Idanha-a-Velha
- ↑ www.ine.pt - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
- ↑ a b Overview of code assignments from Freguesias on epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu
- ↑ a b www.ine.pt - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
- ↑ www.verportugal.net , accessed November 10, 2012
- ↑ Susana Falhas, Henrique Almeida: Historic villages of Portugal. 1st edition, Olho de Turista, Mêda 2010, page 279f ( ISBN 978-989-967430-1 )
- ↑ www.avesdeportugal.info , accessed November 10, 2012
- ^ Publication of the administrative reorganization in the Diário da República gazette of January 28, 2013, accessed on March 16, 2014
- ↑ 50 ways to discover the municipality of Idanha-a-Nova Brochure of the Câmara Municipal de Idanha-a-Nova, July 2000, ISBN 972-98390-1-8