Gutrat castle ruins
Gutrat castle ruins: residential tower
|Alternative name (s):||Gutrath, Guetrat|
|Creation time :||around 1100 to 1200|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, rocky location|
|Standing position :||Ministeriale|
The castle is enthroned at Salzach Valley . The castle complex extends north-south following the narrow castle rock.Visible from afar on a limestone rock above the
Gutrat Castle was commissioned by Archbishop Adalbert III to protect the saltworks, rediscovered in the 12th century, at the foot of the Tuval mountain north of Hallein . built. The Burggraf von Hohenwerfen Chuno von Werfen-Schnaitsee was commissioned as the client .
Chuno von Werfen was one of the most respected ministerials (servants) of the Salzburg archbishop. As early as 1209, Chuno called himself "von Gutrat" after his new free castle. At that time the castle should have already been completed. The Gutrat Fortress was supposed to strengthen the archbishop's power over the Salzach Valley and finally decide the disputed ownership rights with the prince-provost of Berchtesgaden in favor of the prince-archbishopric of Salzburg .
After the saltworks dried up, the castle quickly lost its importance. Around the year 1300, the Gutrater family fell out of favor with the Archbishop of Salzburg . The formerly free Gutrat Castle became the property of the Archdiocese and was given to the Gutraters as a fief . After the death of the last Gutrater in 1304, the castle was left to decay.
Little is left of the once proud complex today. Nevertheless, Gutrat Castle is a very interesting complex. At the highest point of the rock, in the north, is the Palas to which the former keep is directly connected. To the south of the main castle are two polygonal forecourts, which are closed off at their southern end by a small gate tower . The castle is accessed via a narrow rock ridge, which is also protected by a small tower-like structure on the southern edge of the rock, the turning point of the access route.
The ruin was renovated in an exemplary manner in 2004; it is privately owned. Starting from the Auwirt inn, you can cross the main road from the Au in Hallein district and hike up the Salzquellenweg. After about an hour you will reach the Gutrat castle ruins on a family-friendly path.
The Gutrater grave is located in the Sebastian Cemetery in Salzburg .
- Peter Höglinger, Ulli Hampel: Functional analysis and construction details of the Guetrat ruin near Hallein, State of Salzburg. In: Tomáš Durdík (ed.): The castle and its building site (pp. 147–156). Prague 2006.
- Iris Mairer: A multimedia reconstruction based on archaeological research results . Diploma thesis to obtain the academic degree of graduate engineer (FH). 2004: Salzburg ( PDF , 3.92 MB).