|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||St. Johann im Pongau|
|License plate :||JO|
|Main town :||Throwing (market)|
|Residents :||3,058 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||5450|
|Area code :||06468|
|Community code :||5 04 24|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Hubert Stock ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2019)
|Location of Werfen in the St. Johann im Pongau district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
The market town of Werfen with 3058 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) is located in Pongau , about 40 km south of Salzburg in Austria . The most famous sight is the largest ice cave in the world, the Eisriesenwelt .
The rock formation of the Werfen layers is named after the place Werfen ( type locality ). This slate formation forms the basis of the limestone Alps , on which they have slid north and south from the main Alpine ridge. The Werfen layers build the entire southern roofing of the Tennengebirge and also the southeast of the Dachsteinstock up to the Fritztal and continue westward into the Blühnbachtal as well as south of the Hochkönig (Werfen-St.-Martin shed zone), the limestone of the Hochkönig forms a pronounced fault in the Layers that are open-minded in all their diversity around Werfen.
The Werfen layers are a rock zone that is sometimes extremely susceptible to the weather and leads to major structural problems, especially in the direction of Mühlbach.
- Werfen market , main town - left on the Salzach (1592)
- Imlau - south up the Salzach and into the Imlaubach to the left , belongs to KG Reitsam (186)
- Reitsam (also KG) - south of Imlau, up to the Hochkönig and into the Blühnbachtal (182)
- Scharten (also KG) - left over Werfen to the Blühnbachtal (72, or including Sulzau 178)
- Sulzau (also KG) - the left side of the Salzach and Blühnbachtal at the Hagengebirge (916 and 98 respectively)
- Wimm (KG) - right bank of the Salzach downhill on the Tennengebirge to the beginning of the Lueg Pass (110)
- The place Tenneck - left of the Salzach north of Werfen - is counted as part of the village of Sulzau or as a separate village of Wimm.
The Salzach Valley has long been one of the most important Alpine transit routes, and the Lueg Pass is its natural key point. The name Werfen (oldest documented evidence around 1140 Perhtoldus prefectus de Werven) is probably related to Middle High German werve "Wirbel, Strudel". The word probably originally referred to the entire valley area: Around 1075 the parish of St. Cyriak was established here as the mother parish of Pongau (today Pfarrwerfen ) with the parish village ( Dorfwerfen ), the farming village ( village ) and the valley area Weng (today Werfenweng ) above, as well as the Castle ( Hohenwerfen ). The market town arose around this, Werfen is one of the oldest markets in the Salzburg region . It was granted market privileges as early as 1425. The secular administration was in (Hohen-) Werfen from the 12th century, while the ecclesiastical administration remained with the parish, so the place name has been distributed over several parishes.
Werfen was the seat of a Salzburg nursing court throughout the later Middle Ages and modern times (the district was only dissolved in 2002). During the Peasant Wars of 1525/26 Werfen was taken by the rebels without a fight.
Barbara Koller, a skinner in the Werfen area and thus a member of a socially ostracized group, was arrested in 1675 in a witch trial on suspicion of magic and confessed to being a witch using torture . She was executed in August 1675 at the execution site in Salzburg-Gneis. Her son Jakob Koller was popularly known as Schinderjackl .
In 1731/32 there was a large expulsion of Protestants: because they belonged to the Protestant faith, 20,000 people were expelled from the country by decree of the prince-bishop ( Salzburg exiles ). King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia allocated new land to the refugees in East Prussia . After the ecclesiastical principality of Salzburg was dissolved , Werfen and most of the Salzburg region became part of Austria in 1816.
Economically, the place was strongly influenced in the 18th and 19th centuries by the Sulzau-Werfen ironworks (Blahau, then Konkordiahütte). In the 1870s, the Kaiserin-Elisabeth-Bahn (Salzburg-Tiroler-Bahn) was built on the other bank of the Salzach .
On July 25, 1928, after only a year of construction, the East Prussia Hut was inaugurated on the high Rettenbachriedel in memory of the ancestors . The fortress was in 1931 partially destroyed by fire, then rebuilt and on August 6, 1938 NSDAP passed to under Karl Springenschmid to Gauschulungsburg to be converted. After the Second World War, the fortress was used as a training facility by the Austrian Federal Gendarmerie until 1987 .
In 1939 the place Konkordiahütte was renamed Tenneck.
The A 10 Tauern motorway was completed in the 1960s .
Today Werfen is a well-known summer tourist destination.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the municipality is described :
- "In the divided shield above in gold the growing forward-facing figure of a pilgrim with a red dress, black cloak and a similar beret-like hat, holding a pilgrim's staff in his right hand, the left one propped up in the side, below in blue an upright black dog turned right ."
Werfen already had market privileges in 1425 and was listed with a coat of arms on the land boards of the Archbishopric. In the 19th century the pilgrim is still explicitly named as a saint Rochus , the dog is his saint's attribute (as such, usually bringing bread).
The community council has a total of 19 members.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2004, the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 SPÖ, 6 ÖVP, and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2009 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 SPÖ, 6 ÖVP, and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2014 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 9 ÖVP, 7 SPÖ, and 3 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2019 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 10 ÖVP, 6 SPÖ, and 3 FPÖ.
- 1986–1994 Stefan Holzer
- 1994–2014 Franz Meißl (SPÖ)
- 2014–2019 Hannes Weitgasser (ÖVP)
- since 2019 Hubert Stock (ÖVP)
- since 2019 Christoph Hochbrugger (SPÖ)
On August 1, 2009, another run-of-river power plant from Salzburg AG was opened on the Salzach near Werfen, with a total annual generation of 76.5 million kWh. The construction took three years and cost around 63.5 million euros.
Culture and sights
- Eisriesenwelt : the largest ice cave in the world and the most famous sight in Tenneck
- Hohenwerfen Fortress
- Parish Church of St. Apostle James the Elder : built from 1652 to 1657
- Capuchin Church Mariahilf
- Tenneck branch church
- Brennhof : with a unique portico, was a seat of Archbishop Johann Franz Graf Khuen of Belasi used
- Nursing court building: a building from the 15th century, which was fundamentally expanded and rebuilt in 1531 under Cardinal Matthäus Lang . The historic Kuenburg vaults are used as event rooms.
- In 1969 the Werfen coin treasure was found here, around a thousand gold and silver coins from the early modern period buried around 1535. You are now in the Salzburg Museum .
In the middle of the 20th century, famous films such as Agents Die Lonely or parts of The Sound of Music were filmed here. Lesser known films such as pediatrician Dr. Cheerful with Roy Black or Frankenstein's aunt were produced here.
On September 29, 2006 in Werfen the swearing-in of more than 500 soldiers of the Austrian Armed Forces took place. This was the ET 09-06 and, for the first time simultaneously, the inauguration of nine shooters from the Salzburg Rifle Guild .
- Sons and daughters of the church
- Josef Struber (1773–1845), rifle captain (later major) and innkeeper in Stegenwald; successfully defended the Lueg Pass against Napoleon's French-Bavarian troops in 1809
- Ferdinand Sauter (1804–1854), poet and son of the archbishop caretaker of Werfen
- Albert Hochleitner (1893–1964), former governor of Salzburg
- Heinrich Salfenauer (1920–2016), mayor of the city of Salzburg from 1970 to 1980
- Cyriak Schwaighofer (* 1950), politician
- People related to the community
- Anton Christoph (1867–1924), Austrian politician (DF, GDVP) and Salzburg Provincial Council, mayor of Werfen
- Johann Oberreiter (* 1807 in Dienten am Hochkönig; † 1865 in Salzburg), mayor from 1843 to 1848, Lebzelter, later executed as a poisoner
- 50424 - Throw. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Entry on Werfen in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Community website
- Throw . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
The Gazetteer of Statistics Austria is 2001, the village Tenneck near the village of 14070 Sulzau, according to the population figures Statistics Austria: Population on 1.1.2020 by town (territorial status 01.01.2020) , ( CSV ).
In 2014, however, the state geographic information system SAGIS gives the town of Wimm for the towns of Tenneck and Sulzerberg (locality near the junction of Blühnbachstraße from the B 159). Its limits largely correspond to the Tenneck counting district.
The original Wimm is now called Landl , the place Wimm is located at the Tenneck train station and was formerly called Loipfar, the old Sulzau is today Obersulzau and largely belongs to Tenneck, while today's place Sulzau , which was originally called Brugg, extends north towards the Lueg Pass is located.
KG Sulzau includes the left side, KG Wimm the right side of the Salzach Valley; according to SAGIS, the latter is completely included in the village of Scharten .
- FV Zillner: Salzburg Gender Studies. III. The Burgraves of Werfen. In: Mitteilungen der Salzburger Gesellschaft for Landeskunde (MGSLK) 21 (1881), pp. 24–79 (reference p. 36).
- The name "Werfen" , gemeindewerfen.at Worth knowing , accessed May 1, 2014.
- Worth knowing: Wappen , gemeindewerfen.at, accessed April 20, 2014.
- Sulzau-Werfen ironworks . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- alponline.com ( Memento from June 11, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Benedikt Pillwein (Ed.): History, geography and statistics of the Archduchy of Austria on the Enns and the Duchy of Salzburg . With a register, which is also the topographical and genealogical lexicon and the district map. Geographical-historical-statistical detail according to district commissariats. 1st edition. Fifth part: the Salzburg district . Joh. Christ. Quandt, Linz 1839, care court Werfen: Markt Werfen: The coat of arms of the market ... , p. 474 ( Google eBook - Faks. Druckhaus Nonntal, Salzburg 1983). 2nd edition 1843 ( Google Book )
- Stefan Holzer (senior) . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Franz Meißl . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Hannes Weitgasser . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Entry on the partner communities on the Lengede community website.Accessed on May 10, 2019, 8:09 pm
- The churches of Pfarrwerfen · Werfen · Werfenweng. Church leaders, onA chapter Parish Church of St. James the Elder in Werfen. P. 16 ff ( throwweng.gv.at PDF).
- Parish Church of St. James the Elder . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
Martin Hell: The pot with the coin treasure from Werfen. In: Salzburger Museum Carolino Augusteum: Jahresschrift Volume 15, 1969, pp. 73–77.
Helmut Jungwirth: The coin find from Werfen. In: Salzburger Museum Carolino Augusteum annual publication Volume 22, 1976, pp. 7–41.
- Indentation date 09/2016