Kuenburg , originally Kienburg, also Khienburg, Khünburg, Khuenburg, Küenburg, Khuenburg, Kuenburger , is the name of an old noble family from Austria with origins in Carinthia and branches in Lower Austria , Styria and the Salzburger Land as well as in Carniola , Bohemia , Moravia and Silesia .
Origin, possessions and ennobling
The Carinthian nobility family served the Counts of Ortenburg as ministerials and initially named themselves after the village of Deinsdorf, today part of Magdalensberg (municipality) in the lower Gurktal . Since 1388 it was named after its ancestral castle near Hermagor northwest of the Pressegger See , today the castle ruins of Khünburg .
The family had its heyday in the period from the 16th to the 18th century, when it was able to provide ten bishops, including three Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg. In Tamsweg , Salzburg , the Kuenburg family acquired property from around 1560 and built Kuenburg Castle (Tamsweg) , which remained in the family until 1954, as well as Frohnburg Castle, which was family-owned from 1620 to 1960, and Blumenstein Castle (Salzburg) in the 18th century . In South Tyrol, the Counts of Kuenburg have been based at the Sallegg residence in Mitterdorf (Kaltern) since 1851 .
Branches of the family were raised to the baronial and imperial counts status, for example the later Archbishop Max Gandolf von Kuenburg in 1665 by Emperor Leopold I.
- Michael von Kuenburg (* 1514; † 1560), Archbishop of Salzburg
- Georg von Kuenburg (* 1530; † 1587), Archbishop of Salzburg
- Ehrenfried von Kuenburg (* 1573; † 1618), Bishop of Chiemsee
- Polycarp Wilhelm von Kuenburg († 1675), Bishop of Gurk
- Max Gandolf von Kuenburg (* 1622; † 1687), Archbishop of Salzburg
- Franz Ferdinand von Kuenburg (* 1651; † 1731), Bishop of Laibach; Archbishop of Prague
- Johann Sigmund von Kuenburg (* 1659; † 1711), Prince-Bishop of Lavant, Prince-Bishop of Chiemsee
- Karl Joseph von Kuenburg (* 1686; † 1729), Bishop of Chiemsee
- Gandolf Ernst von Kuenburg (* 1737; † 1793), Bishop of Lavant
- Johann Christoph von Kuenburg (* 1697; † 1756), auxiliary bishop in Passau
- Amand von Kuenburg (* 1809; † 1886), governor of Austrian Silesia 1865–1886, member of the mansion of the Imperial and Royal Imperial Council
- Gandolph von Kuenburg (* 1841; † 1921), Austrian politician
- Marcellina von Kuenburg (* 1883; † 1973), German psychologist, child and youth therapist and alternative practitioner
- Mauricette von Kuenburg (* 1906; † 1996), Lady Murray as the wife of Sir Ralph Hay Murray (British Ambassador)
coat of arms
Family coat of arms
Blazon : The family coat of arms according to Siebmacher's book of arms shows a shield split in red and silver; the helmet treasure represents a shield picture with a plume of 5 (after others 7) cock feathers; the helmet covers are red and silver.
Count's coat of arms
Blazon: The count's coat of arms according to Johann Siebmacher was created after the coat of arms was increased and is quartered; Fields 1 and 4 show the family coat of arms, 2 u. 3 are divided by black over silver, inside a color-changed "gate hinge / door hinge" (originally rudder / rudder in three pass, coat of arms of the † Steierberger / Steuerberger); two open crowned tournament helmets: 1. Tribe jewel with the ball from 1 u. 4 set with five (seven) black cock feathers, the helmet covers red-silver; 2. an open eagle flight with the colors and image of the figure from 2 u. 3 and the helmet covers in black and white. The coat of arms remained unchanged when it was raised to the baron and imperial count status.
Coat of arms (without decoration) of Salzburg Archbishop Michael von Kuenburg , after 1587, from the Salzburg Chronicle until 1587
Coat of arms (without decoration) of Franz Ferdinand von Kuenburg , Bishop of Laibach ( Ljubljana , Slovenia ) (1701 - 1711), and Archbishop of Prague (1711 - 1731)
Coat of arms (with decoration) of the Archbishop (Max Gandolf?) Von Kuenburg, metal casting , Salzburg Museum
- Heinz Dopsch , Hans Spatzenegger (ed.): History of Salzburg, city and country. Volume 2, Part 1, Modern Times and Contemporary History. Pustet, Salzburg 1988, ISBN 3-7025-0243-2
- Johann Kirnbauer von Erzstätt : The Lower Austrian rural nobility. Panels, A – R. In: J. Siebmacher's large and general book of arms . Volume 4. Bauer and Raspe, Nuremberg 1909, pp. 250–215, plate 129.
- Ernst Heinrich Kneschke : German count houses of the present in heraldic, historical and genealogical relation. Volume 1, TO Weigel, Leipzig 1852, pp. 488-491.
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Kuenburg, the counts of, genealogy . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 13th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1865, pp. 318–320 ( digitized version ).
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Kuenburg, the counts of, coat of arms . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 13th part. Imperial and Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1865, p. 324 ( digitized version ).
- Kuenburg (noble family) . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Ancestry sample Graf Kuenburg at monasterium.net
- ↑ a b A-R, Text - GDZ. Retrieved April 11, 2019 .