|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||St. Johann im Pongau|
|License plate :||JO|
|Coordinates :||47 ° 10 ' N , 13 ° 6' E|
|Height :||859 m above sea level A.|
|Residents :||6,865 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||66 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||5630|
|Area code :||06432|
|Community code :||5 04 02|
|Address of the
5630 Bad Hofgastein
|Mayor :||Markus Viehauser ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2019)
|Location of Bad Hofgastein in the St. Johann im Pongau district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Bad Hofgastein [ baːt ˈhoːfɡastaɪ̯n ] is a market town with 6865 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the district of St. Johann im Pongau , in the state of Salzburg in Austria . It is a spa, summer and winter sports community.
The community is located in the Gastein Valley in Pongau in the Salzburg region. Until the end of 2002, the community belonged to the Gastein judicial district , and since 2003 it has been part of the Sankt Johann im Pongau judicial district .
The municipal area comprises the following 10 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Anger (1368)
- Bad Hofgastein (2910)
- Breitenberg (251)
- Gadaunern (219)
- Harbach (266)
- Hotingfelding (712)
- Laderding (163)
- Vorderschneeberg (615)
- Weinetsberg (114)
- Wieden (247)
The community consists of the cadastral communities Bad Hofgastein, Harbach, Heißingfelding, Vorderschneeberg and Wieden.
The history of Bad Hofgastein goes back to Roman times, because this place was the center of silver and gold mining on the Radhausberg , in the Angertal and in the Pochkar . Bad Hofgastein lies at the widest point of the valley, which is why the settlement also became the capital of Gastein. The first parish of the valley and the court seat (court) of the Gastein region was also located here. The village was named Hof in der Gasstein , which later became Hofgastein .
In the High Middle Ages, Hofgastein was the center of the exchange of goods between Italy and Austria and Germany above the two Gasteiner Tauern . On the route over the Korntauern , which was already developed by the Romans , tropical fruits, wine and other products came to this mountain valley to be exchanged for gold and silver. The market law was given in the 13th century.
The parish church was built as a small church in 894 and received its current Gothic appearance in the 15th century.
The fall in the price of gold , natural disasters, the outbreak of the plague in 1574 and the social and religious conflicts during and after the Thirty Years' War led to the complete decline of the place.
Hofgastein flourished again after the abolition of the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the annexation to Austria from 1807 as a spa. On August 23, 1828, the presentation of the "perpetual" right to respect was made by one-fifth share of the thermal water from the springs of Bad Gastein by Emperor Franz I. The Wildbad (today there is a "rock pool") in Badgastein was overrun, the planned extension there did not come about after the area was devastated by a flood in 1828. Initially, the water was brought to Bad Hofgastein in barrels by Bräuer Moser, who set up a bathing room in his brewery. Plans by the mining official and technician Joseph Gainschnigg (1759–1835), son of the Böckstein sacristan, for a thermal water pipe had existed for some time. Ladislaus Pyrker (Archbishop of Erlau, Patriarch of Venice) proposed the construction of such a line, the Gainschnigg project was commissioned in June 1825, and it was not until August 23, 1828 that the Emperor decided in favor of it by resolution. A joint-stock company of 34 citizens to meet the costs was founded in 1828, Pyrker joined with a large amount and took over the chairmanship. From 1828 to 1830 the 7250 m long pipeline was built from 2235 spruce and larch trunks - one trunk each 3.24 m long - with a 6 and then 5 inch (about 13 cm) bore diameter at the inlet and an average of 3.24 m length; partly exposed, partly only slightly embedded in the ground. The government supported the project with the delivery of 500 logs. Every day around 200 cubic meters flowed down the 140 m difference in altitude with a gradient of around 3.3 per thousand from Bad Gastein.
From 1843 onwards the wooden pipes lying above the ground were replaced by clay pipes. In the same year the line consisted of 372 fewer wooden pipes and 3000 clay pipes (one each 40 cm in length). The water was on the move for 2 1/4 hours, was tested with sandalwood shavings and cooled down from 38 ° R (47.5 ° C) to only 28 ° R (35 ° C) even with persistent bad weather in summer. In the warmer months of the year, the water, which was then too warm, was allowed to cool down by 5-6 ° R by standing for 10-12 hours. Bad Hofgastein experienced an economic upswing thanks to the branch bathing establishment. In 1847, Pyrker donated a monument to Emperor Franz I on the main square / Kaiser-Franz-Platz. Over time, the wooden pipes were completely replaced by clay pipes, and in 1879 twice as much water flowed through the pipe per day. The length remained the same until the new building in 1953.
Nowadays 1000 m³ of thermal water flow to Hofgastein every day, the richest spring in Badgastein pours more and with almost 47 ° C.
From 1828 the place was allowed to have the addition of a spa . Since 1936 the place has been called Bad Hofgastein.
On December 8, 2017, after a rock fall the week before, around 250 m³ of rock was loosened from Ingelsberg by blasting and caught by supporting structures to protect houses and Gasteiner Strasse from the risk of falling rocks .
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the municipality is: In the divided shield above in gold hammer and mallet in natural colors crossed diagonally one above the other and below in a silver field a natural-colored wooden bathtub .
The community council has a total of 25 members.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2004, the municipal council had the following distribution: 13 SPÖ, 8 ÖVP, 3 LBH, and 1 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2009 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 12 ÖVP, 10 SPÖ, 2 LBH, and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2014 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 13 ÖVP, 10 SPÖ, and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2019 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 10 ÖVP, 9 SPÖ, 3 GfBH, and 3 FPÖ.
- 1999–2009 Benedikt Lang (SPÖ)
- 2009–2019 Fritz Zettinig (ÖVP)
- since 2019 Markus Viehauser (ÖVP)
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church of the Assumption : The Church of Our Lady, a three-aisled staggered church , was built between 1498 and 1507. The pointed, helmeted tower dates back to 1602. The magnificent centerpiece of the church is the magnificent baroque altar, which is considered to be the main work of the painter Josef Andrä Eisl and the sculptor Paul Mödlhammer . The center of the high altar is the Gothic representation of an enthroned Madonna, the miraculous image of the Hofermother from around 1500. The pulpit and side altars date from the first half of the 18th century.
- Evangelical Church of Salvation (built 1960)
Bad Hofgastein is an internationally known spa and winter sports community with around 145,000 guests per year and spa, congress and event facilities as well as a pedestrian zone with shops, hotels, cafes and restaurants. There is also the Alpen Therme Gastein with the Alpen-Kurpark and the Gasteiner Radon thermal cure ( radon balneology ), which has been known for centuries .
The common ski area of Bad Hofgastein and Bad Gastein , the Schloßalm-Angertal-Stubnerkogel ski area , is part of the Gasteinertal ski region of the Ski amadé ski association and offers over 80 km of slopes with a total of 5 cable cars, 7 chair lifts and 7 drag lifts. It extends from the village to the Schloßalm ( 2050 m ) and the Hohe Scharte ( 2300 m above sea level ) below the Türchlwand , from there to the Angertal ski center at 1175 m and the Stubnerkogel ( 2250 m above sea level ) Bad Gastein.
There are 120 farms in the community with 7,200 hectares of alpine pastures and 28 alpine pastures.
The Bad Hofgastein train station on the Tauern railway is located about three kilometers north of the city center in the district of Breitenberg; the Bad Hofgastein stop closer to the town has been closed. Bad Hofgastein is on Gasteiner Strasse .
- Franz Hofer (born November 27, 1902 Hofgastein; † February 18, 1975 Mülheim an der Ruhr ), Gauleiter of Tyrol
- Hans Grugger (born December 13, 1981 Bad Hofgastein), ski racer
- Bernhard Gruber (born August 12, 1982 Schwarzach im Pongau), skier ( Nordic combined )
Bad Hofgastein in front of the Radhausberg massif , on the left the Gamskarlspitze in clouds
Adolph von Menzel : Corpus Christi procession in Hofgastein
- 50402 - Bad Hofgastein. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Bad Hofgastein as an interactive 360 ° × 180 ° panorama photo (requires Adobe Flash )
- Archive recordings from and about Bad Hofgastein in the online archive of the Austrian Media Library (radio reports, historical film documents)
- ↑ Mayoral elections on March 10 and 24, 2019 , salzburg.gv.at, accessed on March 24, 2019
- ↑ Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- ↑ http://www.badhofgastein.salzburg.at/system/web/zusatzseite.aspx?menuonr=218598498&detailonr=219353033 Karl Heinz Karpf: History: The thermal water - lifeline of the health resort. Website of the Bad Hofgastein municipality, accessed May 11, 2016.
- ↑ - ( Memento of the original from May 11, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Money and gold mining after the time of the Salzburg archbishops under the master of art Joseph Gainschnigg, Salzburg State Exhibition 2016, “Bishop. Emperor. Jedermann. ”, May 7, 2016, accessed May 11, 2016. - Portrait.
- ↑ http://www.hotel-rauscher.com/geschichte.php Hotel Rausche und Paracelsus, history, accessed May 11, 2016.
- ↑ http://www.gasteinertal.com/gasteiner-thermalwasser/ Gasteiner Thermalwasser, gasteinertal.com, portal from Michel-EDV.at, Gerhard Michel, Gastein, accessed May 11, 2016.
- ↑ http://gastein-im-bild.info/doku/dthermlt.html Gastein im Bild - Documentation: Anton Ernst Lafenthaler: Thermal water pipe. January 2, 2008, accessed May 11, 2016. - With reference to: Sebastian Hinterseer: Bad Hofgastein and the history of Gastein (1977); Zimburg: The history of Gastein and the Gastein Valley; S. Hinterseer, L. Krisch: Gastein and its history. Verlag F. and Ch. Feichter, Badgastein 1996.
- ↑ 250 tons of rock blown up in the Gastein Valley orf.at, December 8, 2017, accessed December 11, 2017.
- ↑ Benedikt Lang . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- ↑ Fritz Zettinig . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- ↑ Gasteinertal ski region: Schloßalm-Angertal-Stubnerkogel ski area . Ski amadé
- ↑ Bad Hofgastein . bergfex.at - with a piste map