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Bystritza is a common body of water , field and place name in East Central Europe , Eastern and Southeastern Europe .

Origin of name

The name comes from the proto Slavic root * -bistr (бистър), which means as clear , bright and transparent . Other explanations bring the name with - well transferred - translations such as a brook flowing on stone ground or a hasty, fast watercourse . In Czech, for example, the term means something like torrent as a noun , and as an adjective it can figuratively stand for mental clarity , i.e. for a bright head or a quick thinker.


Slavic language area

Initially, it was a river name that is mainly used in formerly or until today Slavic mountain regions, u. a. in the Carpathian Arc , in the Dinaric and Balkan Mountains , in the Alps , the eastern German low mountain ranges and in the Rhodope Mountains . Bystritza later became a place and field name and now comes in many different variations:

Other language areas

The name also occurs in formerly Slavic areas, which are now spoken in another language, in a form adapted to the respective national language:

Non-Slavic language area of ​​Southeast Europe

German language area

The German linguistic designations and spellings depend on the different languages ​​of origin ( West , South Slavic ), the regional dialects ( Upper Saxon , Silesian , Bavarian ) as well as the degree and time of Germanization (see Bistritz and Bistrzitz ).

See also


  • Udolph, Jürgen: Studies on Slavic water names and water names. A contribution to the question of the original home of the Slavs. Heidelberg 1979.

Individual evidence

  1. Eichler, Ernst: Slavic place names between Saale and Neisse. A compendium. I-IV. Bautzen 1985-2009.
  2. ^ Mader, Brigitta: The Alpenslawen in Styria. (A toponomastic-archaeological study.) Vienna 1986.