from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Korean alphabet : 춘천시
Chinese characters : 春川 市
Revised Romanization : Chuncheon-si
McCune-Reischauer : Ch'unch'on-si
Basic data
Province : Gangwon-do
Coordinates : 37 ° 52 '  N , 127 ° 44'  E Coordinates: 37 ° 52 '  N , 127 ° 44'  E
Surface: 1,116.43 km²
Residents: 273,130  (as of 2012)
Population density : 245 inhabitants per km²
Structure: 1 eup , 9 myeon , 15 dong
Chuncheon (South Korea)
Chuncheon on the map of South Korea.

Chuncheon ( Kor. River of Spring , former German transcription Tschungtschon ) is the capital of the Gangwon-do Province in South Korea . The city has 273,130 inhabitants.

Tourism plays an important role as Chuncheon is in scenic surroundings and many day trippers come from Seoul .


Until 940 the city was occupied by changing names. From 940 to 1413 it was called Chunju (춘주; 春 州), from 1413 Chuncheon.

In 1896, Chuncheon became the capital of Gangwon-dos as part of the restoration of the Korean provinces . Until the dissolution of the Korean provinces in 1895, Wonju , located further south, was the provincial capital.

Shunsen at the time of the Japanese colonial rule
Dominant new building in the center of Chuncheon
The famous Cheongpyeong Temple on the outskirts of Chuncheon
Inside the Cheongpyeong Temple
The big bell of the Cheongpyeong Temple

Between 1910 and 1945, when Korea was part of the Japanese Empire , the city officially bore the Japanese name Shunsen ( Japanese 春川 ), which corresponds to the Sino-Japanese pronunciation of Korean Hanja.

During the Korean War , Chuncheon, located near the 38th parallel , was largely destroyed and then rebuilt.

In 1995, Chuncheon was merged with the district of the same name surrounding it.



Chuncheon is connected to the capital Seoul by a railway line that is only a few years old, 30% of which runs in tunnels. The travel time of modern one-class trains is 74 minutes from Seoul-Yongsan and around an hour from Seoul-Cheongnyangni. They run every hour. The old route, which largely followed the course of the Han River and had a travel time of 2½ hours, was closed. In contrast to the high-speed lines, e.g. B. to Busan , where the trains reach up to 300 km / h, the route to Chuncheon with max. Drive at 180 km / h. About half the distance of the route is also one of the nine subway lines in Seoul .


The Gyeongchun Expressway runs between Chuncheon and the capital Seoul . This freeway connects the two cities in just over an hour's drive from the Seoul city limits.

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Visit Seoul - ITX (Intercity Train Express) ( Memento of the original from July 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on November 1, 2013.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /